Line 8 (Beijing Subway)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Line 8, Beijing Subway)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Line 8
 8 
朱辛庄站北京地铁8号线列车1.jpg
Line 8 train at Zhuxinzhuang
Overview
Other name(s)M8 (planned name)
Olympic Branch Line (Chinese: 奥运支线)
TypeRapid transit
SystemBeijing Subway
StatusOperational
LocaleDongcheng, Chaoyang, Haidian, and Changping districts
Beijing
TerminiZhuxinzhuang
Nanluoguxiang
Stations18
Daily ridership303,100 (2014 Avg.)[1]
431,000 (2014 Peak)[2]
Operation
OpenedJuly 19, 2008
Operator(s)Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., Ltd
CharacterUnderground & Elevated
Technical
Line length26.6 km (16.5 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC third rail
Operating speed80 km/h
Route map

Zhuxinzhuang
Yuzhilu
Pingxifu
Pingxifu depot
Huilongguan Dongdajie
Huoying
Yuxin
Xixiaokou
Yongtaizhuang
Qing river
Lincuiqiao
water body of Olympic Forest Park
South Gate of Forest Park
Olympic Green
Olympic Sports Center
connects Line 10
Beitucheng
Left arrow outer – inner Right arrow
Xiaoyue river
Anhuaqiao
Line 12 (to be opened 2020)
Andelibeijie
North Hucheng river
Left arrow outer – inner Right arrow
Guloudajie
Shichahai
Jin river
Nanluoguxiang
National Art Museum
(to be opened 28 Dec 2018)
section between National Art Museum and Zhushikou to be opened 2021
Jinyu Hutong
Wangfujing
Left arrow inner – outer Right arrow
Qianmen
section between National Art Museum and Zhushikou to be opened 2021
section below to be opened 28 Dec 2018
Zhushikou
Tianqiao
South Hucheng river
Yongdingmenwai
Muxiyuan
Haihutun
Liangshui river
Left arrow outer – inner Right arrow
Dahongmen
Dahongmen South
Heyi
Donggaodi
Huojianwanyuan
Wufutang
Demao
Yinghai
Yinghai depot

Line 8 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁8号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě bāhàoxiàn), is a rapid transit line in northern Beijing. The line currently has 18 stations in operation and runs 26.6 km (16.5 mi) from Zhuxinzhuang in Changping District to Nanluoguxiang in Dongcheng District. Line 8's color is      green.

Line 8 sits on the central north-south axis of the city of Beijing, which is aligned through the Drum Tower, the Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square, and Yongdingmen. Line 8 opened on July 19, 2008 as the Olympic Branch Line to serve the Olympic Green, located due north of the city centre, during the 2008 Summer Olympics. The line had only four stations and 4.53 km (2.81 mi) of track. Line 8 was extended by six stations to the north in 2011, by two stations to the south in 2012, and by more three stations to the north and two more to the south on December 28, 2013.

The line is still being expanded along the central axis to the south. Line 8 will veer to the east of the central axis to avoid passing under the Forbidden City and Tian'anmen Square, before returning to the central axis alignment at the Qianmen Station. Line 8 is expected to reach Yinghai station in the Daxing District.

Fare[edit]

Starting fare of RMB(¥) 3.00 that increases according to the distance fare scheme introduced in December 2014.

Hours of Operation[edit]

The first south-bound train departs from Zhuxinzhuang at 5:10am. The first north-bound train departs from Nanluoguxiang at 5:30am. The last south-bound train leaves Zhuxinzhuang at 10:05pm. The last north-bound train leaves Nanluoguxiang at 11:00pm.[3]

Route[edit]

In the north, Line 8 begins at Zhuxinzhuang on the Changping Line and heads east to Huilongguan and then south through the Line 13 arc at Huoying to the Olympic Forest Park. After two stops in the Olympic Green, Line 8 enters the Line 10 loop at Beitucheng and then the Line 2 loop at Guloudajie before reaching Nanluoguxiang on Line 6.

Apart from the Zhuxinzhuang Station and an 1.7 km (1.1 mi) section of elevated track leading therefrom, the entire line runs underground.

Stations[edit]

Service
routes
Station Name Connections Nearby Bus Stops Distance
km
Location
North section South section English Chinese
Zhuxinzhuang 朱辛庄  Changping  417 463 560 871 880 898 899 专32 专49 专50 0.00 0.00 Changping
Yuzhilu 育知路 463 560 专80 专102 2.31 2.31
Pingxifu 平西府 407 428 460 461 996 2.08 4.39
Huilongguan Dongdajie 回龙观东大街 441 462 478 558 607 681 996 夜38 专21 专42 专52 专78 专101 1.93 6.32
Huoying 霍营  13  (Beijing Suburban Railway  S2   Huaimi  via HKP) 371 462 478 551 558 606 607 681 专21 专42 专52 1.13 7.45
Yuxin 育新 315 355 371 379 393 398 432 462 478 606 607 614 693 运通117 运通119 专89 1.68 9.13 Haidian
Xixiaokou 西小口 379 专79 专89 1.59 10.72
Yongtaizhuang 永泰庄 81 379 476 490 专43 专89 1.06 11.78
Lincuiqiao 林萃桥 81 379 510 专44 2.46 14.24 Chaoyang
South Gate of Forest Park 森林公园南门 2.71 16.95
Olympic Green 奥林匹克公园  15  311 379 484 594 695 751 运通110 专40 1.01 17.96
Olympic Sports Center 奥体中心 607 1.65 19.61
Beitucheng 北土城  10  5 21 81 82 92 113 380 409 515 607 620 653 694 特2 夜6 夜9 专8 0.97 20.58
Anhuaqiao 安华桥 5 21 82 113 300 300快 302 328 361 380 387 409 601 607 671 847 944 特2 特8 夜6 夜30 运通101 运通104 运通201 0.99 21.57 Chaoyang/Xicheng[a]
Andelibeijie 安德里北街 60 82 380 409 特2 夜36 专7 1.23 22.8 Dongcheng
Guloudajie 鼓楼大街  2  27 44 60 82 380 409 特12 夜20 夜36 1.09 23.89 Dongcheng/Xicheng[b]
Shichahai 什刹海 5 60 82 107 124 635 观光3 夜2 夜10 1.13 25.02 Dongcheng
Nanluoguxiang 南锣鼓巷  6  3 13 42 60 82 115 118 612 701 夜3 夜21 1.03 26.05
National Art Museum 中国美术馆
Jinyu Hutong 金鱼胡同
Wangfujing 王府井  1 
Qianmen 前门  2 
Zhushikou 珠市口  7 
Tianqiao 天桥
Yongdingmenwai 永定门外  14 
Muxiyuan 木樨园
Haihutun 海户屯 Fengtai
Dahongmen 大红门  10 
Dahongmen South 大红门南
Heyi 和义
Donggaodi 东高地
Huojianwanyuan 火箭万源
Wufutang 五福堂 Daxing
Demao 德茂
Yinghai 瀛海
  1. ^ The Anhuaqiao station straddles the border between Chaoyang and Xicheng Districts.
  2. ^ The Guloudajie station straddles the border between Dongcheng and Xicheng Districts.

History[edit]

Line 8 has been planned and built in several phases.

Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
South Gate of Forest Park — Beitucheng 19 July 2008 3.583 km (2.23 mi) 3 Phase 1 (Olympic Branch line)
Olympic Sports Center 10 October 2008 Infill station 1
Huilongguan Dongdajie — South Gate of Forest Park 31 December 2011 10.700 km (6.65 mi) 6 Phase 2 (northern section)
Beitucheng — Guloudajie 30 December 2012 3.375 km (2.10 mi) 2 Phase 2 (1st southern section)
Guloudajie — Nanluoguxiang 28 December 2013 2.090 km (1.30 mi) 2 Phase 2 (2nd southern section)
Zhuxinzhuang — Huilongguan Dongdajie 6.359 km (3.95 mi) 3 Changping & Line 8 connector project
Andelibeijie 26 December 2015 Infill station 1
forest motif inside the station
Olympic Green Station platform
Beitucheng Station platform

Phase I (Olympic Branch Line)[edit]

Line 8 was planned as the subway line that follows Beijing's central north-south axis.[4][5] The first section of Line 8 to be built was the four-station segment from Beitucheng to South Gate of Forest Park, 4.35 km (2.70 mi) in length, that serves the Olympic Green. This section was included in Beijing's bid for the 2008 Summer Olympics, which was awarded to the city in 2001. Originally, Beijing's subway planners also considered building a subway extension line off of Line 13 or Line 5 to serve the Olympic Green but ultimately chose to build Line 8 as a branch off of Line 10.[6] Construction began in 2004.[7] With other Olympic venues also under construction, Phase I of Line 8 was built using the cut-and-cover method to reduce the difficulty of construction.[8] The Olympic Branch Line, as Line 8 Phase I was known, entered into operation together with Line 10 on July 19, 2008. Access was originally restricted to riders with an Olympic Register Card or a ticket to an event at the Olympic Games or Paralympic Games on the day of the event. In early October 2008, the line was fully opened to the public.

Phase II[edit]

On December 8, 2007, while Phase I of Line 8 was still under construction, work began on Phase II to extend Line 8 in both directions along the city's north-south central axis.[9] In Phase II was estimated to cost ¥10.1 billion and was scheduled to be completed by 2012.[10][11]

Northern extension to Huilongguan Dongdajie[edit]

The northern extension to Huilongguan Dongdajie station, 10.7 km (6.6 mi) in length with six stations, extended Line 8 from the South Gate of Forest Park station to Huilongguan Dongdajie station in Changping District beyond the Line 13 arc. Land clearing for Phase II began in December 2007.[10][12] Tunnel boring machines began work on October 16, 2009.[13] In the fall of 2011, the entire Line 8 shut down and the entire line including the Phase II northern extension reopened on December 31, 2011.[13][14]

The Lincuiqiao Station, just west of the Olympic Forest Park, was originally planned as an emergency stop, but was added at the behest of nearby residents and their municipal people's congress representative, Tian Yuan, who argued that the 5.1 km (3.2 mi) gap between South Gate of Forest Park Station and Yongtaizhuang Station made subway access inconvenient for residents along Lincui Road.[15] Lincuiqiao was officially added as a station to Phase II plans in December 2008.

Southern extension to Guloudajie[edit]

The southern extension to Guloudajie, 3.28 km (2.04 mi) in length, opened on December 30, 2012. Travel time from Huilongguan to the Second Ring Road was reduced by a half-hour.[16] Daily ridership reached 203,000 in March 2013.[17]

Phase II sections opened at the end of 2013[edit]

On December 28, 2013, Line 8 reached 26.614 km (16.537 mi) in length with the opening of the Changping-Line 8 Connector and the southern extension to Nanluoguxiang.[18][19]

Changping-Line 8 Connector[edit]

Line 8 train at the Zhuxinzhuang Station

The Changping-Line 8 Connector, also known as the Changba Connector Line (昌八联络线) or Changba Connector, is a 6.3-kilometre-long (3.9 mi) extension of Line 8 from Huilongguan Dongdajie to Zhuxinzhuang on the Changping Line.[18] The Changba Connector contains three stations: Pingxifu, Yuzhilu and Zhuxinzhuang. And it forms the northern-most section of Line 8.[18] The Changba Connector was designed to alleviate passenger traffic on Line 13 by allowing Changping Line riders heading to destinations in eastern Beijing to switch to Line 8 at Zhuxingzhuang instead of transferring to Line 13 at Xi'erqi. The connector was built from April 2011 to September 2013 and entered operation at the end of 2013.[18][19]

Southern extension to Nanluoguxiang[edit]

South of Guloudajie, Line 8 was extended a further 2.16 km (1.34 mi) through Shichahai station to Nanluoguxiang station on December 28, 2013.[20]

Future expansion[edit]

Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
Nanluoguxiang — National Art Museum December 2018 (Planned)[21] ? km 1 Phase 2 (3rd southern extension)
Zhushikou — Yinghai December 2018 (Planned)[21] 16.4 km (10.19 mi) 13 Phase 3 (southern section) & Phase 4
National Art Museum — Zhushikou 2021 (Planned)[22] 4.1 km (2.55 mi) 3 Phase 3 (northern section)

Phase II southern extension to National Art Museum[edit]

National Art Museum station under construction in 2017

The one-station extension from Nanluoguxiang station to National Art Museum station will be opened in December 2018.[21]

Phase III & IV[edit]

In Phase III & IV, Line 8 will be extended further south from the National Art Museum station through Qianmen and Yongdingmen to beyond the southern 5th Ring Road. Planning began in 2009.[23] Plans of Line 8 in Phase III & IV showed 16 stations for 21.0 km (13.0 mi).[22] Phase III was scheduled to be built by 2015[24] but the commencement of construction was not set to begin until October 2013.[25]

In December 2018, the southern-most section of Phase III, and Phase IV, from Zhushikou station to Yinghai station will be opened.[21]

The section from National Art Museum station to Zhushikou station will be opened in 2021.[22]

Rolling Stock[edit]

During the Olympics Line 8 borrowed DKZ15 trains from Line 10; after the opening of the first sections of Phase II new CSR Sifang Locomotive SFM12 trains dedicated to Line 8 were rolled out.[26]

Inside a Line 8 train
Line 8 train

Notes[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ 晚高峰加小圈车 地铁6号线满载率降12%. 首都之窗. 2014-08-22. Retrieved 2014-09-14.
  2. ^ 4月30日北京地铁日客运量再创新纪录. Beijing Subway. 2014-05-01. Retrieved 2015-05-04.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "北京地铁周末"三线齐发" 机场线票价尚未公布". 2008-07-18. Retrieved 2009-07-28.
  5. ^ "穿越时代与历史轴线 北京地铁八号线兼顾生活与休闲". 2007-12-12. Retrieved 2009-07-28.
  6. ^ (Chinese) "北京奥运场馆明年七月动工 会徽已有满意方案" 2002-12-30
  7. ^ (Chinese) "北京市3条在建地铁今年完成投资40亿元" 2004-12-16
  8. ^ "地铁10号线一期和奥运支线线路示意图". 北京市交通委员会. Retrieved 2009-07-28.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ (Chinese) "北京5条地铁新线同时开工 总里程近140公里" 2007-12-10
  10. ^ a b Line 8 Phase II Information Page at the Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co. Ltd.
  11. ^ (Chinese) 北京地铁10号线和8号线将于2012年通车 北京晨报 Oct. 8, 2008
  12. ^ The Changping District government commenced land clearing for Line 8's extension in December 2007. (Chinese)北京地铁8号线昌平站点启动拆迁_新浪房产_新浪网 Jan. 30, 2008
  13. ^ a b (Chinese) 北京地铁8号线开始盾构施工 Xinhua Oct. 17, 2009
  14. ^ Xu Wei, "Beijing launches three new subway sections" China Daily 2012-01-01
  15. ^ (Chinese) Hailiang Wang and Nan Yin, "北京地铁8号线规划增设林萃桥南站" 北京晨报[permanent dead link] Dec. 29, 2008
  16. ^ (Chinese)北京地铁公布最新线路全图, Beijing Youth Daily, 2012-12-12.
  17. ^ "Official Ridership". Beijing Subway. Archived from the original on 2013-03-22. Retrieved 2013-03-10.
  18. ^ a b c d (Chinese) 运行时间10分钟, 北京青年报 2013-10-08
  19. ^ a b (Chinese) "京地铁8号线南北新线周六开通 中国美术馆站暂缓开通" <北京晚报> Archived 2014-01-05 at the Wayback Machine. 2013-12-25
  20. ^ <(Chinese)北京地铁公布最新线路全图, Beijing Youth Daily, 2012-12-12"
  21. ^ a b c d http://www.bjnews.com.cn/news/2018/09/20/506708.html
  22. ^ a b c http://bj.people.com.cn/n2/2018/0907/c82840-32025686.html
  23. ^ 北京地铁8号线二期将南延至大兴区 (in Chinese). The Beijing News. 2009-05-27.
  24. ^ Wang Yi (王祎) (2011-06-15). 北京地铁八号线三期 初步规划14站. Fazhi Wanbao (in Chinese).Archived 2012-04-26 at the Wayback Machine.
  25. ^ 北京地铁8号线三期本月开工 预计2017年建成. Beijing Youth Daily. 2013-10-04.
  26. ^ 北京三条地铁新线今日14时开通 北京西站通地铁

External links[edit]