Line 9, Beijing Subway

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Line 9, Beijing Subway
 9 
9号线六里桥站站台.JPG
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Beijing Subway
Status Operational
Termini National Library
Guogongzhuang
Stations 12
Daily ridership 460,800 (2014 Avg.)
637,900 (2016 Peak)[1]
Operation
Operator(s) Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., Ltd
Character Underground
Technical
Line length 16.5 km (10.3 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 750 V DC Third rail
Operating speed 80 km/h
Route map
Lines 4, 9
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National Library
Lines 6, 9
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Baishiqiao South
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Baiduizi
Lines 1, 9
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Military Museum
Lines 7, 9
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Beijing West
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Liuliqiao East
Lines 9, 10
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Liuliqiao
Lines 9, 14
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Qilizhuang
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Fengtai Dongdajie
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Fengtainanlu
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Keyilu
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Fengtai Science Park
Lines 9, Fangshan Line
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Guogongzhuang

Line 9 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁9号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě jiǔhào xiàn) is rapid transit line in western Beijing. The line runs 16.5 km from the National Library to Guogongzhuang in Fengtai District with nine stations. The line has 13 stations. Line 9's color is      chartreuse.

History[edit]

Line 9's route drawn to scale.

In 1989, the State Council decided to build Beijing West Railway Station on the Beijing-Kowloon Railway. Subway planning had determined that Beijing West Railway Station shall be the interchange between Lines 7 and 9. However, no provision for an interchange station was added in the railway station's design. The railway station was completed in 1996.[2] 15 years later Beijing West Station was rebuilt and expanded with provisions were added to the basement of the station for Lines 7 and 9.[3] In 2002, in preparation for the 2008 Beijing Olympics, it was proposed that the first section of Line 9 should be built between Baishiqiao to Beijing West Railway Station (today's National Library to Beijing West Railway Station section). The entire length of the proposed line was 5.8 kilometers.[4] However the line only started construction in April 2007,[5] with a planned opening date of 2010[6] and the original northern section between Baishiqiao to Beijing West Station was further delayed until 2012,[7] making an opening before the Olympics unlikely.

In December 31, 2011 the 11.1 km, 9 station southern section from Guogongzhuang to Beijing West Railway Station opened.[8][9] At the time the line was only connected to the Fangshan Line, isolated from the rest of the Beijing Subway network.[10] Passengers had to transfer to shuttle buses that connected to the main subway network to continue their journey.[11] That is why in 2011, the line was sparsely used. The situation did not improve in April 29, 2012 when the Beijing subway exceeded a record 8 million daily riders, with the daily ridership of Line 9 being only 46,300.[12]

On December 30, 2012, the original northern section from the Beijing West Railway Station to the National Library Station entered into operation. This finally connected Line 9 and the Fangshan Line to the rest of the subway network and made all major Beijing train stations accessible by subway.[13] The underground connections for the transfer between Line 9 and Line 1 was not completed at the opening of the Line 9 extension.[14] Between December 2012 and December 2013, Line 9 skipped Military Museum Station.[15] Line 9's passenger traffic began to grow rapidly after the northern section went into operation. As of January 2013, the average daily passenger traffic was already three times higher than in December 2012,[16] at 220,000 rides.[17] The Line 1 - Line 9 transfer was completed at the Military Museum Station on December 21, 2013.

Segment Date opened Length
Beijing West — Guogongzhuang 31 December 2011 5.349 km (3.32 mi)
Fengtai Dongdajie 12 October 2012 Infill station
National Library — Beijing West 30 December 2012 10.282 km (6.39 mi)
Military Museum 21 December 2013 Infill station

List of Stations[edit]

Station Name Connections Nearby Bus Stops* Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
National Library 国家图书馆  4  86 92 332 563 588 653 658 695 717 特4 特18 特19 夜8 运通105 运通106 0.00 0.00 Haidian
Baishiqiao South 白石桥南  6  27 61 86 92 114 118 653 693 701 717 特18 夜3 1.11 1.11
Baiduizi 白堆子 10 56 61 92 121 612 BRT4(快速公交4) 夜13 运通106 1.02 2.13
Military Museum 军事博物馆  1  1 21 40 52 65 68 78 85 94 99 308 414 特18 夜1 夜5 夜8 1.85 3.98
Beijing West Railway Station 北京西站  7  China Railway China Railway High-speed 3 9 21 40 52 53 65 67 89 96 109 122 309 349 373 374 387 410 414 616 661 662 663 673 694 741 820 821 843 890 901快 941 941快 968 982 997 特2 特6 特13 特14 特17 特18 特19 夜5 夜8 夜14 夜15 夜22 夜23 夜36 运通102 专3 1.42 5.40 Fengtai
Liuliqiao East 六里桥东 6 38 57 74 76 133 309 321 349 390 477 691 820 821 832 835 835快 836 838 890 895 917 917快 941 941快 968 982 特7 夜7 运通120 专3 1.19 6.59
Liuliqiao 六里桥  10  57 309 477 568 941 941快 982 运通201 1.33 7.92
Qilizhuang 七里庄  14  77 83 323 458 477 480 483 531 830 839 840 896 958 969 973 998 特7 特9 夜16 夜36 1.62 9.54
Fengtai Dongdajie* 丰台东大街 335 349 395 459 477 678 845 夜16 1.35 10.89
Fengtainanlu 丰台南路 351 353 602 627 691 692 736 845 夜7 1.56 12.45
Keyilu 科怡路 83 694 特7 0.94 13.39
Fengtai Science Park 丰台科技园 470 专63 0.81 14.20
Guogongzhuang 郭公庄  Fangshan  470 1.30 15.50
  • As of January 2, 2012, Line 9 was skipping the Fengtai Dondajie Station, which was finally opened on October 12, 2012.[18]

Fleet[edit]

Line 9 is served by a fleet of 24 6-car trains built by CNR Changchun.[19]

Future development[edit]

Line 9 was originally proposed to be extended future north and west to Haidian Shanhou,[20] but this proposal has since been abandoned with the opening of Line 16. It is currently planned to be extended to the north ending at Xi'erqi Station where it will interchange with Line 13 and Changping Line.[21]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "2014年4月30日综合交通总体运行情况". 北京市交通信息中心 北京市交通运行监测调度中心. 2014-05-01. Retrieved 2014-05-02. 
  2. ^ "北京西客站预埋工程" (doc). 北京城建设计研究总院. Retrieved 2013-01-19. 
  3. ^ ""五一"期间北京市万名地铁建设者坚守岗位". 2011-05-03. Retrieved 2013-01-19. 
  4. ^ "北京奥运交通规划新建8条地铁线". 2002-12-02. Retrieved 2013-01-18. 
  5. ^ "北京地铁9号线4月份已开工建设 沿线房价猛涨". 2007-11-18. Retrieved 2013-01-18. 
  6. ^ "北京地铁九号线本月开工 将建首条"水下通道"". 2007-04-04. Retrieved 2013-01-18. 
  7. ^ 郭鲲 (2008-12-18). "北京4条地铁线路有望2012年通车". Retrieved 2013-01-18. 
  8. ^ Xu, Wei. "Beijing launches three new subway sections". China Daily. Retrieved 2012-01-01. 
  9. ^ "9号线南段将于2011年年底开通试运营". 北京市交通委员会. 2011-12-09. Retrieved 2013-01-18. 
  10. ^ 邓杭 (2011-03-30). "北京地铁9号线南段9月试运行 12月底开通运营". Retrieved 2013-01-18. 
  11. ^ 刘冕 (2011-12-08). "北京地铁9号线南段本月底将开通试运营". Retrieved 2013-01-18. 
  12. ^ "北京地铁昨天全路网日客运量首破800万高达839.1万人次". 2012-04-29. Retrieved 2013-01-18. 
  13. ^ (Chinese) "本市四条地铁新线暂定12月30日开通". 北京日报. Retrieved 19 December 2012. 
  14. ^ (Chinese) "北京地铁公布最新线路全图" [Beijing Subway releases a map of the full Beijing subway network.]. 北青网. 
  15. ^ (Chinese) "北京地铁4新线周日开通 9号线军博不停车". 新京报. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 
  16. ^ "轨道新线逐步发挥优化均衡全线网客流结构作用". 北京市交通委员会. 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-01-18. 
  17. ^ "四条新线开通试运营后发挥作用明显". 北京市重大项目建设指挥部办公室. 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-01-18. 
  18. ^ (Chinese) "9号线丰台东大街站将于明天(10月12日)正式启用". 北京地铁. Retrieved 19 December 2012. 
  19. ^ "北车制造近千辆地铁车辆支撑北京四条地铁开通运营". 2013-01-04. Retrieved 2013-01-19. 
  20. ^ "北京地铁9号线有望北延 连接海淀北部与中心区". 2010-01-12. Retrieved 2013-01-18. 
  21. ^ 邓杭 (2011-05-14). "北京地铁规划15号线一期多通两座车站". Retrieved 2013-01-18.