Line of duty death
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A line of duty death (LODD) is a death in the fire service while on duty at an emergency or drill. On average, there are more than 100 LODDs in the United States per year. When a fire department loses a member in a LODD, it will commonly fly its flag at half-staff, and members will cover their badges with a mourning band. The Fire Department New York has a tradition of announcing deaths with four series of five bells (the four fives, 5-5-5-5).
- The leading cause of fatalities of firefighters is heart attack (44%), followed by trauma (27%), motor vehicle collisions (20-25%) asphyxia and burns (20%). Asphixia and burns generally affect firefighters under 35 years of age more than stress or heart attacks, whereas the opposite is true for firefighters over 35 years of age.
- Full-time and career firefighters accounted for 33% of fatalities, but only 26% of the fire service.
- Where fire departments have EMS, calls related to this service may account for as much as 80% of call volume and as low as 50%. However, fatalities associated with these calls are very insignificant (3%).
- Volunteer firefighters account for 85% of en route fatalities.
- In the past decade, fatalities during training have risen to 6%.
- About 8% of fatalities occur at incidents with more than one LODD.
L.O.D. Deaths Present-1980
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- U.S. Fire Administration. Firefighter Fatalities Historical Overview Archived 2009-11-18 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Tributes to Firefighters". Iowa Firefighters Association. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
When a firefighter died ... headquarters would transmit five bell strikes, repeated in four series, with a slight pause between each series, followed by the announcement
- "LODD Prevention. A Lesson in Vehicle Maintenance and Safety". Loddprevention.com. Archived from the original on 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2012-05-17.