Line of succession to the Malaysian throne

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Malaysia

Malaysia practises an elective monarchy, and as such, there is no distinct line of succession to the Malaysian thrones. In the event where the current seat of the throne falls vacant (due to death, incapacitation or resignation), the Conference of Rulers shall meet to elect the new monarch from among the rulers of the nine Malay states. The deputy king does not automatically succeed the throne. The election is regulated by Article 32 of the Constitution of Malaysia.[1]

By convention, the monarch of the Throne of Malaysia has been elected by the established order of seniority of the states.

Federal throne[edit]

Turning State Ruler On the Federal Throne Remarks
1 Negeri Sembilan Tuanku Muhriz
(since 29 December 2008)
N/A
2 Selangor Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah
(since 21 November 2001)
N/A
3 Perlis Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
(since 17 April 2000)
13 December 2001 - 12 December 2006 12th King
4 Terengganu Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
(since 15 May 1998)
13 December 2006 - 12 December 2011 13th King
5 Kedah Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah
(since 15 July 1958)
21 September 1970 - 20 September 1975
13 December 2011 - now
5th King
The current (14th) King
6 Kelantan Sultan Muhammad V
(since 13 September 2010)
N/A Deputy King
7 Pahang Sultan Ahmad Shah
(since 7 May 1974)
29 March 1979 - 25 April 1984 7th King
8 Johor Sultan Ibrahim
(since 23 January 2010)
N/A
9 Perak Sultan Dr Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah
(since 29 May 2014)
N/A

States' throne[2][edit]

Negeri Sembilan[edit]

Negeri Sembilan is unique in that it is the only State in Malaysia which practices an elective monarchy instead of a linear dynasty. The four largest luak (districts) in Negeri Sembilan each elect an Undang (viceroy), who are also the kingmakers of the State. When the position of the Yamtuan Besar falls vacant, the four Undangs will be called upon to appoint a successor among the Princes of Four. They are the Tunku Besar of Seri Menanti (currently Tunku Ali Redhauddin), the Tunku Laksamana (currently Tunku Naquiyuddin), the Tunku Muda of Serting (currently Tunku Imran) and the Tunku Panglima Besar (currently Tunku Nadzaruddin). The current Yamtuan Besar is Tuanku Muhriz.

Selangor[edit]

  • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Hajji Salah ud-din Abdul Aziz Shah (1922–2001)
    • Simple gold crown.svg Sultan Sharaf ud-din Idris Shah (born 1945)
    • (2) Tengku Hajji Sulaiman Shah, Tengku Panglima Dhiraja (born 1950)
      • (3) Tengku Shakirin al-Amin Mahmud Ismail Ahmad Shah (born 1980)
      • (4) Tengku Salah ud-din Ismail Shah (born 1982)
      • (5) Tengku Shahrain Ismail Ibrahim Iskandar Hisham ud-din Shah (born 1985)
      • (6) Tengku Sharif ud-din Ibrahim Ismail Iskandar Abdul Aziz Shah (born 1987)
    • (7) Tengku Hajji Abdul Samad Shah, Tengku Panglima Besar (born 1953)
      • (8) Tengku Musa ud-din Shah (born 1984)
    • (9) Tengku Hajji Ahmad Shah, Tengku Indira Setia (born 1955)
      • (10) Tengku Alam Shah Amir ud-din (born 1982)

Perlis[edit]

  • Simple silver crown.svg Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail (1920-2000)
    • Simple gold crown.svg Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin (born 1943)
    • (3) Syed Badaruddin, Tengku Sharif Bendahara (born 1945)
      • (4) Syed Mashafuddin (born 1974)
    • (5) Syed Amir Zainal Abidin, Tengku Sharif Temenggong (born 1950)
      • (6) Syed Budriz Putra (born 1972)
        • (7) Syed Aqil Harrith (born 2001)
    • (8) Syed Razlan, Tengku Laksamana (born 1951)
      • (9) Syed Muhammad Hazrain (born 1978)
        • (10) Syed Hazriq (born 20-)
        • (11) Syed Hazriv (born 20-)
      • (12) Syed Muhammad Hafiz (born 1981)
    • (13) Syed Zainal Anuar, Tengku Panglima (born 1952)
      • (14) Syed Haizam (born 1983)
      • (15) Syed Jufri Ziauddin (born 1992)
    • (16) Syed Zainal Rashid (born 1953)
    • (17) Syed Azni (born 1954)
      • (18) Syed Fariz Naqiuddin
      • (19) Syed Haniff Iskandar
    • (20) Syed Badlishah (born 1958)
      • (21) Syed Fezriq (born 1980)
      • (22) Syed Felsham (born 1984)
      • (23) Syed Fernash (born 1988)

Terengganu[edit]

  • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Mahmud al-Muktafi billah Shah (1930-1998)
    • Simple gold crown.svg Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin (born 1962)
      • (1) Tengku Muhammad Ismail, Yang DiPertuan Muda, the Crown Prince (born 1998)
      • (2) Tengku Muhammad Muaaz (born 2000)
    • (3) Tengku Mustafa Kamil, Tengku Sri Bendahara Raja (born 1968)
      • (4) Tengku Sharif Mahmud
      • (5) Tengku Daniel Haqim
      • (6) Tengku Nabil al-Muktafi
    • (7) Tengku Badr ul-Zaman, Tengku Sri Panglima Raja (born 1974)
    • (8) Tengku Badr ul-Hisham, Tengku Sri Temenggung Raja (born 1976)

Kedah[edit]

Kelantan[edit]

  • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Ibrahim ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad IV (1897-1960)
    • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Yahya Petra (1917-1979)
      • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Ismail Petra (born 1949)
        • Simple gold crown.svg Sultan Muhammad V (born 1969)
        • (1) Tengku Muhammad Faiz Petra, Tengku Mahkota, the Regent (born 1974)
        • (2) Tengku Muhammad Fakhry Petra (born 1978)
      • (3). Tengku Muhammad Petra (born 1966)
        • (4). -bin Tengku Muhammad Petra
        • (5). -bin Tengku Muhammad Petra
    • Tengku Feissal (?-?)
      • (6) Tengku Muhammad Faziharudean, Tengku Kaya Perkasa
      • (7). Tengku Ismail Fadhil
      • (8) Tengku Ibrahim Farihaddin
    • (9) Tengku Abdul Halim, Tengku Laksamana
      • (10) Tengku Ariez Hazaril
        • (11) Tengku Adrei
      • (12) Tengku Adil Hazraq

Pahang[edit]

Succession is by male primogeniture in the line of descent from Sultan Ahmad Muazzam Shah[3]

  • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Ahmad Muazzam Shah (1836-1914)
    • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Mahmud Shah (1868-1917)
    • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Abdullah al-Mutasim Billah Shah (1874-1932)
      • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Abu Bakar Riayat ud-din Muazzam Shah (1904-1974)
        • Simple gold crown.svg Sultan Hajji Ahmad Shah al-Musta'in billah (born 1930)
          • (1) Tengku Abdullah, Tengku Mahkota, the Crown Prince (born 1959)
            • (2) Tengku Hassan al-Ibrahim Alam Shah (born 1995)
            • (3) Tengku Muhammad Iskandar Riayat ud-din Shah (born 1997)
            • (4) Tengku Ahmad Ismail Muazzam Shah (born 2001)
          • (5) Tengku Hajji Abdul Rahman, Tengku Muda (born 1960)
            • (6) Tengku Eddie Akasya (born 2004)
            • (7) Tengku Ahmad Firman Shah (born 2005)
          • (8) Tengku Abdul Fahd Muadzam, Tengku Arif Temenggung (born 1994)
        • Tengku Tan Sri Ibrahim (1938-1987)
          • (9). Tengku Datuk Ahmad Faisal (born 1966)
            • (10). Tengku Mohammed Ariff
          • (11). Tengku Rizal Razak (born 1979)
          • (12). Tengku Razaleigh (born 1980)
          • (13). Tengku Arif Fahad (born 1984)
          • (14). Tengku Amir Nasser Ibrahim (born 1986)
        • (15). Tengku Datuk Sri Abdullah (born 1940)
          • (16). Tengku Abu Bakar Ahmad (born 1985)
        • (17). Tengku Datuk Sri Abdul Aziz (born 1945)
          • (18). Tengku Shah Reza (born 1971)
            • (19). Tengku Omar Al-Saddam
          • (20). Tengku Hassan al-Badr
          • (21). Tengku Ibrahim
          • (22). Tengku Nazar ud-din Wazir
        • (23). Tengku Datuk Sri Azlan (born 1949)
          • (24). Tengku Aslah ud-din Jaafar (born 1977)
            • (25). Tengku Muhammad Ayden Saladin (born 2009)
          • (26). Tengku Azran Abdu’l Jawaad (born 1983)
        • (27). Tengku Datuk Sri Omar (born 1950)
          • (28). Tengku Abu Bakar
          • (29). Tengku Muhammad Rizal
          • (30). Tengku Ahmad Bakri
          • (31). Tengku Osman
        • (32). Tengku Datuk Sri Azman (born 1952)
          • Tengku Arif Asaad (born 1986)
        • (33). Tengku Datuk Muhammad
          • (34). -bin Tengku Datuk Muhammad
          • (35). -bin Tengku Datuk Muhammad
        • (36). Tengku Datuk Sri Tengku Kamal Baharin (born 1962)
          • (37). -bin Tengku Datuk Sri Tengku Kamal Baharin
        • (38). Tengku Datuk Sri Sulaiman
          • (39). -bin Tengku Datuk Sri Sulaiman
        • (40). Tengku Datuk Sri Kamar ul-Zaman (born 1963)
          • (41). Tengku Intan
        • (42). Tengku Zaiton
        • (43). Tengku Idris
        • (44). Tengku Bahar ud-din

Johor[edit]

Succession is by male primogeniture in the line of descent from Sultan Abu Bakar[4]

  • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Abu Bakar (1833-1895)
    • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Hajji Ibrahim (1873-1959)
      • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Ismail (1894-1981)
        • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Hajji Mahmud Iskandar (1932-2010)
          • Simple gold crown.svg Sultan Ibrahim Ismail (born 1958)
            • (1) Tunku Ismail Idris, Tunku Mahkota, the Crown Prince (born 1984)
            • (2) Tunku Idris Iskandar, Tunku Temenggung (born 1987)
            • (3) Tunku Abdul Rahman, Tunku Panglima (born 1993)
            • (4) Tunku Abu Bakar Iman, Tunku Putera (born 2001)
          • (5) Tunku Abdul Majid Idris Ismail Ibrahim, Tunku Bendahara (born 1970)
            • (6) Tunku Mahmood Iskandar (born 2006)
        • Tunku Abdul Rahman, Tunku Bendahara (1933-1989)
          • (7). Tunku Abu Bakar (born 1963)
            • (8). Tunku Abdul Rahman Burhan ud-din (born 1994)
      • Tunku Putra Abu Bakar, Tengku Tun Aris Bendahara (1898-1956)
        • Dato Paduka Tengku Sulaiman (1932-1999)
          • (9). Datuk Tengku Shaharin Abu Bakar (born 1966)
            • (10). Tengku Muhammad Shafiq Abu Bakar (born 1993)
            • (11). Tengku Muhammad Sharaf ud-din (born 1995)
            • (12). Tengku Aris Sulaiman (born 2003)
      • Tunku Ahmad, Tengku Tun Temenggong (1898-1983)
        • Tunku Muhammad Archibald (1923-1980)
          • (13). Tunku Mahmud Shah (born 1945)
            • (14). Tunku Iskandar Shah (born 1992)
            • (15). Tunku Muzaffar Shah
          • Tunku Alang Ibrahim (1947-2007)
            • (16). Tunku Muhammad Khairil (born 1985)
            • (17). Tunku Alang Reza (born 1986)
            • (18). Tunku Mishal Shahrin (born 1987)
            • (19). Tunku Shahrizan Hakimi (born 1988)
            • (20). Tunku Ahmad Danial
          • (21). Tunku Hassan (born 1953)
            • (22). Tunku Abbas Iskandar (born 1979)
            • (23). Tunku Iman Azif Putra (born 1986)
            • (24). Tunku Hafiz Aiman Putra (born 198?)
            • (25). Tunku Iskandar Archibald (born 2004)
            • (26). Tunku Mahmood Iskandar (born 2010)
          • (27). Tunku Omar (born 1954)
          • Tunku Qadir (1964-2009)
            • (28). Tunku Nick Taz ud-din Izwan Shah (born 1985)
              • (29). Tunku Adrian Shah (born 2013)
          • (30). Tunku Abdul Samad (born 1968)
            • (31). Tunku Muhammad Ibrahim Abu Bakar (born 2006)
        • Tunku Abdul Rahman (1929-1995)
          • (32). Tunku Alam Shah (born 1963)
        • (33). Tunku Osman (born 1932)
          • (34). Tunku Abdul Jalil (born 1962)
            • (35). Tunku Ahmad Ismail (born 1989)
          • (36). Tunku Ahmad Abu Bakar (born 1977)
          • (37). Tunku Muhammad Khalid

Perak[edit]

In contrast to the other Malaysian sultanates, the ruling dynasty of Perak utilises a somewhat complex order of succession.

The reigning Sultan appoints princes in the male line of descent from a Sultan to certain high princely titles. They are arranged in a strict order of precedence indicating the order of succession to the throne. As per a ruling of 25 February 1953, the present hierarchy of titles and the corresponding order of succession is as follows:

  1. The Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam Negara Perak Dar ur-Ridzwan. Crown Prince and Heir Apparent to the Sultanate
  2. The Raja di-Hiler. Deputy Crown Prince and Second Heir to the Sultanate.
  3. The Raja Kechil Besar.
  4. The Raja Kechil Sulong.
  5. The Raja Kechil Tengah. (vacant as of 2016)
  6. The Raja Kechil Bongsu. (vacant as of 2016)

While titleholders are usually appointed for life, titles may be revoked in cases of proven incompetence or disability. On the death or promotion of an existing titleholder, the holder of the next most senior title succeeds him. The Raja Muda is the heir apparent, and succeeds the ruling sultan on his demise, whereupon the prince holding the title of Raja di-Hiler becomes the new Raja Muda. The Raja Kechil Besar then becomes the Raja di-Hiler. The new Sultan may then appoint his own nominee to the junior-most title made vacant by these successions. [5]

  • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Ahmad ud-din Shah (died 1806; r. 1792-1806)
    • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Abdul-Malik Mansur Muazzam Shah Jamalullah (died 1825; r. 1806-1825)
    • Raja Inu Muhammad Saleh, Raja Kechil Lasa
      • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Muhammad Shahab ud-din Riayat Shah Saifullah (died 1851; r. 1830-1851)
        • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Ali al-Mukammil Inayat Shah Nabiullah (died 1871; r. 1865-1871)
    • Raja Abdul-Rahman, Raja Bendahara
      • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah I Atikullah (died 1857; r. 1851-1857)
        • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Yusuf I Sharif ud-din Muzaffar Shah Ghafirullah (died 1887, r. 1877-1887)
    • Raja Mandak binti al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad ud-din Shah, m. Raja Abdul-Rahman of Siak, Sayyid Shaikh ul-Amin
      • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Ismail Muab ud-din Riayat Shah (died 1889; r. 1871-1874)

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Malaysia#Article_32
  2. ^ "Malaysia: Land of Nine Kings". Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  3. ^ Buyers, Christopher. "Sultanate of Pahang-Malaysia-royalark.net". Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  4. ^ Buyers, Christopher. "Sultanate of Johor-Malaysia-royalark.net". Retrieved 15 April 2016. 
  5. ^ Buyers, Christopher. "Sultanate of Perak-Malaysia-royalark.net". Retrieved 10 April 2016. 

External links[edit]