Line of succession to the Malaysian throne

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Malaysia practises an elective monarchy, and as such, there is no distinct line of succession to the Malaysian thrones. In the event where the current seat of the throne falls vacant (due to death, incapacitation or resignation), the Conference of Rulers shall meet to elect the new monarch from among the rulers of the nine Malay states. The deputy king does not automatically succeed the throne. The election is regulated by Article 32 of the Constitution of Malaysia.[1]

By convention, the monarch of the Throne of Malaysia has been elected by the established order of seniority of the states.

Federal throne[edit]

Turning State Ruler On the Federal Throne Remarks
1 Negeri Sembilan Tuanku Muhriz
(since 29 December 2008)
2 Selangor Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah
(since 21 November 2001)
3 Perlis Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
(since 17 April 2000)
13 December 2001 - 12 December 2006 12th King
4 Terengganu Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
(since 15 May 1998)
13 December 2006 - 12 December 2011 13th King
5 Kedah Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah
(since 15 July 1958)
21 September 1970 - 20 September 1975
13 December 2011 - now
5th King
The current (14th) King
6 Kelantan Sultan Muhammad V
(since 13 September 2010)
N/A Deputy King
7 Pahang Sultan Ahmad Shah
(since 7 May 1974)
29 March 1979 - 25 April 1984 7th King
8 Johor Sultan Ibrahim
(since 23 January 2010)
9 Perak Sultan Dr Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah
(since 29 May 2014)

States' throne[2][edit]

Negeri Sembilan[edit]

Negeri Sembilan is unique in that it is the only State in Malaysia which practices an elective monarchy instead of a linear dynasty. The four largest luak (districts) in Negeri Sembilan each elect a Undang (leader), who are also the kingmakers of the State. When the position of the Yamtuan Besar falls vacant, the four undangs will be called upon to appoint a successor. The current Yamtuan Besar is Tuanku Muhriz.



  • Simple silver crown.svg Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail ibni al-Marhum Syed Hassan Jamalullail (1920-2000)
    • Simple gold crown.svg Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin (born 1943)
    • (3) Syed Badaruddin, Tengku Sharif Bendahara
      • (4) Syed Mashafuddin
    • (5) Syed Amir Zainal Abidin, Tengku Sharif Temenggong
      • (6) Syed Budriz Putra
        • (7) Syed Aqil Harrith
    • (8) Syed Razlan, Tengku Laksamana
      • (9) Syed Muhammad Hazrain
        • (10) Syed Hazriq
        • (11) Syed Hazriv
      • (12) Syed Muhammad Hafiz
    • (13) Syed Zainal Anuar, Tengku Panglima
      • (14) Syed Haizam
      • (15) Syed Jufri Ziauddin
    • (16) Syed Zainal Rashid
    • (17) Syed Azni
      • (18) Syed Fariz Naqiuddin
      • (19) Syed Haniff Iskandar
    • (20) Syed Badlishah
      • (21) Syed Fezriq
      • (22) Syed Felsham
      • (23) Syed Fernash







  • Simple silver crown.svg Sultan Azlan Muhibuddin Shah Al-Magfullah (1928-2014)
    • Simple gold crown.svg Sultan Dr. Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah (born 1956)
      • (1) Raja Jaafar ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa, Raja Muda, Crown Prince
        • (2) Raja Iskandar Dzulkarnain ibni Almarhum Sultan Idris Afifullah Shah, Raja Di-Hilir, Prince of Hilir
          • (3) Raja Azlan Muzzaffar Shah ibni Sultan Dr. Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah, Raja Kechil Besar
            • (4) Raja Ahmad Nazim Azlan Shah ibni Almarhum Raja Ashman Shah, Raja Kechil Sulung
              • Vacant, Raja Kechil Tengah
                • Vacant Raja Kechil Bongsu


External links[edit]