The line regiments formed the majority of the regiments in European standing armies in the early 20th century. These were all the regiments that did not have a specialist role - such as guards regiments. They are also often referred to as regiments of the line or, depending on the branch, as "infantry of the line", "line cavalry", etc.
For example, in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the line regiments did not include the guards regiments, the Landwehr, Landsturm or irregular light troops. When light infantry, that hitherto had been organised in small units like the free battalions (Freibataillone), became part of the line troops, and the Landwehr, national guards and the like became part of the warfighting army, the term "line regiment" was used to distinguish the standing, active, regular units from the rest.
In the Napoleonic Wars, the French Army had up to 30 regiments of dragoons which comprised the "cavalry of the line".
- The Line Cavalry Regiments at www.1914-1918.net. Retrieved 22 Aug 2017.
- Clodfelter, Micheal. Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Encyclopaedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492-2015, 4th edn., Jefferson: McFarland, 2017. p. 144.
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