Lingaraj Azad

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Lingaraj Azad
Photo of Lingaraj Azad
Lingaraj Azad speaking in a meeting
Born 22 June 1962
Bhawanipatna, Kalahandi
Nationality Indian
Education Matriculation (11th class)
Occupation Social Service, Tribal and Environmental Activist
Organization Adivasi, Kondha, Niyamgiri Surakhya Samiti, Samajwadi Jan Parishad
Known for Fight for the environment and tribals of Niyamgiri Mountains, Kalahandi, Kashipur in Orissa
Home town Bhawanipatna
Political party Samajwadi Jan Parishad
Movement Kashipur Movement, Niyamgiri Movement,
Religion Tribal
Parent(s) Mr. Khageswar Bag, Mrs. Garna Dei

Lingaraj Azad, popularly known as Azad Bhai, is an indigenous tribal activist from the Indian state of Orissa. He became notable for his activism in opposing Vedanta Resources's bauxite refinery in Lanjigarh and mining of Niyamgiri Hills that tribal activist say would displace thirty villages of Dongria Kondhs (the "Mountain Tribals") on top of the mountains.

Early life[edit]

Azad was born into an Adivasi family in Orissa, a state in eastern India. Adivasis are a diverse group of tribal and ethnic groups collectively identified as "indigenous" to any given particular region in India and are dominant in Orissa. Among Adivasis, his family more specifically belongs to the Domba caste.


Western Orissa is rich in natural resources and many government and private companies have appropriated land to build number of natural resources extracting factories. Due to lack of official documentation of the Tribals and repressed class people's community rights over the forests, mountains, rivers and land they have been unable to claim their rights on community properties.[1]

Anil Agarwal set up one of the world's largest aluminum smelting plants in the area, with a bauxite refinery at Lanjigarh at the foothills of the Niyamgiri Mountains. Azad and his organization Niyamgiri Suraksha Samiti (Association for the Safeguard of Niyamgiri Hills) - says apart from causing massive displacement, the project will destroy the forests in the area. It will also have an impact on the water sources and ecosystems, thereby threatening the environment and the very source of sustenance for indigenous peoples, it says

We will not give an inch of our mountain.

. Anil Aggarwal's Vedanta on its part says that it does not want to grab local peoples land and is willing to negotiate with all stake holders.[1] Azad counters that the subsistence tribal communities would receive will not survive the alienation from their native land and they cannot be compensated for such a loss.

He has been jailed multiple times on false cases being slapped on him due to his active involvement in the environmental movement.[1]

He participated in the yatra (Sanskrit for journey, used in the context of Indian politics to mean an "awareness campaign") conducted by the NAPM from Mumbai to Delhi against proposed mega-industrial corridor in 2013.[2]


  • Monmahan Choudhury Samman 2015 by Manmohan Choudhury Smarak Trust, Cuttack


  1. Kondha Tribals of Niyamgiri
  2. [1]

External links[edit]