Grade I listed Church of Saints Peter and Paul
Example of Tudor period architecture in Lingfield
|Area||8.76 km2 (3.38 sq mi)|
|Population||4,467 (Civil Parish 2011)|
|• Density||510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||23.4 miles (37.7 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Lingfield is a village, civil parish and post town in the Tandridge district of Surrey, England. Lingfield Park is home to horse racing across a large catchment from Folkestone to Epsom. Lingfield is centred 23.4 miles (37.7 km) south of London and lies to the east of the A22 where it runs between Godstone and East Grinstead. The village has a medieval church that is Grade I listed, timber-frame architecture from the Tudor period and century before and a punishment cage, last used in 1882 to hold a poacher, made in 1773.
- 1 History
- 2 Landmarks
- 3 Geography
- 4 Economy
- 5 Culture and Community
- 6 Localities
- 7 Sport and leisure
- 8 Transport
- 9 Demography and housing
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The southern part of the parish is in the old iron district. A forge and a furnace 'about Copthorne and Lingfield' were owned by Lady Gage in 1574, and Clarke's pond and Cook's pond may have been heads for water power to work hammers. Henry Malden wrote in 1911 that Lingfield is mostly:
...agricultural, but since the opening of the railway station on the ...line from Croydon to East Grinstead in 1884, the laying out of the Dormansland estate with the opening of a station there, and the making of the Lingfield Park racecourse, where another railway station has been opened, the village has become a small town and building has been carried out at Plaistow Street and elsewhere.
The Victoria Memorial Institute was built by subscription in 1901. It contains reading rooms and a library. A parish school and infants' school were founded in 1849. The old schoolhouse belonging to a school which Lord Howard of Effingham endowed with £3 a year was sold and the proceeds applied to the new schools. The school was rebuilt in 1860. The infants' school was carried on in the old building until the latter was rebuilt in 1906. Baldwin Hill School was built in 1874 and enlarged in 1898.
On the creation of Surrey County Council in the late 19th century, the civil parish's responsibilities became somewhat lessened but its area was approximately the same as in the medieval period, 36.8 square kilometres (14.2 sq mi) and it was this size which led to the decision to make Lingfield a post town across an even larger area.
The Church of St. Peter and St. Paul was rebuilt in 1431, although the original 14th-century tower remains. Its collection of brasses and monuments are amongst the finest in England, including the impressive tomb of Reginald de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham. There had been a church on the site for some centuries before the 14th-century building. Listed at Grade I, the highest category of architectural listing, the church is among a low percentage to have this status in the country.
The area around the church has been designated a conservation area as it has many early preserved buildings from the 16th to 18th centuries. In the main street, there is a cross and village cage. Unusually highly listed buildings merit mention below.
Cage, St Peter's Cross, Old Town Hall and Cottage
The Library, Secular Cottage, Magnus Deo, Old House and The Garth
The library is housed in the Old Guest House of the College for Secular Chaplains built in 1431 which adjoins and is at Grade II*. This hall-house is all that remains of the original College. Architecturally this building has Grade II* status, so too does the nearby building Magnus Deo. Unusually for an English village, two other buildings are at Grade II* within the village centre, The Old House (pre-Tudor period) and The Garth (pre-Tudor period).
Pollard Cottage and Pollard House
One secular building in Lingfield has the architectural accolade of a Grade I listing: Pollard Cottage/Pollard House, a pre Tudor period hall house which is timber-framed and part whitewashed. To the right is Kentish bracing; to the centre flying braces across centre first floor and forming the lower part of the roof coved eaves. Dragon posts and dragon beams, alongside irregular leaded windows add to the well-surviving display of medieval architecture.
Church House and Star Inn Cottages
This narrow terrace of Grade II* listed cottages is at the end of the narrow central street leading to the church though excluding the end-of-terrace Church Gate Cottage which is lower listed, dates to the Tudor period with a georgian (architecture) front including a deep wooden modillion eaves cornice, formerly in part an Inn.
Remains of Starborough Castle and Moat
In what was the parish until 2000 but is Dormansland civil parish 2 miles (3.2 km) east is the site of Starborough Castle, fortified by Lord Cobham (a medieval peerage) in 1341. Little now remains except parts of its walls, Grade II* listed and the moat, which is stone revetted, waterfilled and in good condition.
Lingfield is also home to one of the world's oldest cricket clubs, with the first recorded match being against London on 18 June 1739.
London is (centred) 23.4 miles (37.7 km) north-by-northwest and Oxted, the administrative centre of Tandridge is 5.3 miles (8.5 km) north. Guildford, Surrey's county town is 24.3 miles (39.1 km) west-by-northwest.
The village has a variety of public houses and restaurants. The two pubs still open for business are the Star, close to the Church, and the Greyhound. Three Indian restaurants grace the village - Bengal Village, Tarana Lingfield and Lingfield Tandoori and a Thai Restaurant/bar Thai Lounge. The Old Cage, built in 1592 and named after the nearby village cage or "lock-up", closed in 2014. The former Hare and Hounds (which is slightly out of the village, across Lingfield Common) is now an Italian restaurant. The village has social events, clubs and societies such as the Lingfield and Dormansland Rifle Club which caters for a wide variety of competition shooters, and the Lingfield Silver Band - a traditional village brass band.
Lingfield is home to the national charity Young Epilepsy (formerly named NCYPE/St. Piers/Lingfield Hospital School/Lingfield Epileptic Colony), which provides residential care and education for students with epilepsy and learning difficulties.
Culture and Community
Lingfield Civil Parish run annual events, meetings and village hall facilities offered by the third-tier local council.
Felcourt's large Manor House and parkland was the head office of Rentokil Initial from 1949 until 2006; converted to apartments and a small business park.
Felcourt Farm and Business Park
Felcourt Farm is a large dairy farm, having in its area a small business park with 15 units, rented to businesses or available for rent.
Sport and leisure
Lingfield has another thriving sport with cricket clubs also playing in the village.
Refurbishment, finished in Spring 2013, of the Bluebell Railway made that steam tourist service accessible directly by car or modern train. East Grinstead railway station is a modern terminus of this formerly through-line to Lewes and beyond: the town of East Grinstead is just two stations south.
Demography and housing
|Output area||Detached||Semi-detached||Terraced||Flats and apartments||Caravans/temporary/mobile homes||shared between households|
The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.
|Output area||Population||Households||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||hectares|
The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
- Domesday Map Transcription site.
- Surrey Domesday Book Archived 15 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- H.E. Malden, ed. (1912). "Parishes: Lingfield". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
- Vision of Britain history website Description by John Marius Wilson 1870-2.
- Lingfield Parish church
- East Surrey family history society Archived 7 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Church of St Peter and St Paul - Grade I listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029906)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- Tandridge DC conservation areas Archived 31 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Village Cage and St Peter's Cross Grade I listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1005942)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- Old Town Hall and Old Town Cottage Grade II* listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029910)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- College Grade II* listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1205289)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- Old Guest House Grade II* listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1205909)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- Magnus Deo - Grade II* listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1205825)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- Old House Grade II* listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1205370)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- The Garth Grade II* listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1205754)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- Pollard Cottage/House - Grade I listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029911)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- Church House/Star Inn Cottages - Grade II* listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1205173)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- Starborough Castle Walls & Garden House Grade II* listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1205666)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- Starborough Castle Scheduled Ancient Monument Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1017522)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- H T Waghorn, Cricket Scores, Notes, etc. (1730-1773), Blackwood, 1899
- Grid reference Finder measurement tools
- Ordnance Survey map, courtesy of English Heritage Archived 24 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- The Old Cage (public house) Grade II listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1205382)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- Young Epilepsy
- Association of Train Operating Companies – official timetable
Media related to Lingfield, Surrey at Wikimedia Commons