Linguistic film theory
Linguistic film theory was proposed by Stanley Cavell and it is based on the philosophical tradition begun by late Ludwig Wittgenstein. The theory itself is said to mirror aspects of the activity of Wittgenstein's own philosophising (e.g. Wittgenstein's thought experiments) as films are viewed capable of engaging the audience in a therapeutic process of 'dialogue' and even investigate the absurd and the limits of thought. Cavell's framework is seen as a distinctive way of approaching film and philosophy since question of style - the finding of words adequate to our aesthetic experience - is central to the understanding of the meaning of films. One of his ideas involved the position that "if one thinks of a grammar as a machine for generating sentences, then perhaps one will wish to speak of the camera and its film as a machine for generating idioms."
- The Dualist Vols. 1–6, Department of Philosophy, Stanford University, 1994, p. 56.
- Read, Rupert; Goodenough, Jerry (2005). Film as Philosophy: Essays in Cinema after Wittgenstein and Cavell. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 30. ISBN 9781403997951.
- Shaw, Daniel (2017). "Stanley Cavell on the Magic of the Movies". Film-Philosophy. 21 (1): 114–132. doi:10.3366/film.2017.0034. ISSN 1466-4615.
- Cavell, Stanley (1979). The World Viewed: Reflections on the Ontology of Film. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. pp. 204. ISBN 067496196X.
- David Bordwell; Noël Carroll, eds. (1996). Post-Theory: Reconstructing Film Studies. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. p. 109.
- Annette Kuhn and Guy Westwell (2012). "Post-theory" in A Dictionary of Film Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Richard Allen, "Cognitive Film Theory," in Wittgenstein, Theory and the Arts, Routledge, 2001, ISBN 0-415-22875-1 ISBN 978-0415228756
- Stanley Cavell, The World Viewed: Reflections on the Ontology of Film (1971); 2nd enlarged edition. (1979) ISBN 0-674-96196-X ISBN 978-0674961968
- Stephen Mulhall, On Film, London/New York: Routledge, 2002. ISBN 0-415-24795-0 ISBN 9780415247955
- Rupert Read and Jerry Goodenough (eds.), Film as Philosophy: Essays on Cinema After Wittgenstein and Cavell, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. ISBN 140394900X ISBN 978-1-4039-4900-4
- Daniel Barnett, "If a Film Did Philosophy We Wouldn′t Understand It" Review of Read-Goodenough collection of essays.
- Stanley Cavell, Conversations with History: Stanley Cavell. YouTube video of Cavell discussing his philosophy of film.
- Rupert Read, "What theory of film do Wittgenstein and Cavell have? (Introduction II)", Introduction to Film as Philosophy: Essays on Cinema After Wittgenstein and Cavell, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.