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TADIL-A/Link 11 is a secure half-duplex tactical data link used by NATO to exchange digital data.


MIL-STD-6011 exchanges digital information among airborne, land-based, and shipboard tactical data systems. It is the primary means to exchange data such as radar tracking information beyond line of sight. TADIL-A can be used on either high frequency (HF) or ultrahigh frequency (UHF). However, the U.S. Army uses only HF. Link 11 relies on a single platform to report positional information on sensor detections. This positional information can be amplified with additional data to qualify the identity of the detected track. Link 11 was developed by Ralph Benjamin while with the Admiralty Surface Weapons Establishment (ASWE), Portsmouth.

Link 11 will be replaced by Link 22.

Link 11 is defined by the United States Department of Defense as MIL-STD-6011.

The NAUTIS (Naval Autonomous Tactical Information System) originally included the Link 11 system as installed in the Royal New Zealand Navy's Leander-class frigates as part of the mid-life upgrades in the 1980s HMNZS Canterbury; NAUTIS versions were also found on the Royal Navy Hunt-class minesweepers. [1]

Technical Characteristics[edit]

Link 11 is a half-duplex, netted link that normally operates by roll call from a Data Net Control Station (DNCS). Link 11 can also operate in the broadcast mode. The roll call mode of operation used in the Link 11 interface requires that each Participating Unit (PU) respond in turn while all other stations are receiving. A DNCS initiates the roll call by addressing and transmitting an interrogation message to a specific PU that then responds by transmitting its data. The DNCS then interrogates the next PU in the prescribed roll call. Link 11 can be transmitted on High Frequency (HF) and/or Ultra High Frequency (UHF) bands. Data speed can be selected from bit rates of 2250 or 1364 bits per second (bps). Dual sideband diversity operation and Doppler shift correction features improve reliability and accuracy of data exchange. Link 11 operates on HF (2-30 MHz) and/or UHF (Line Of Sight (LOS)) (225-400 MHz). Some Data Terminal Sets (DTS) provide the option to select either the Conventional Link 11 Waveform (CLEW) or the Single tone Link 11 Waveform (SLEW). SLEW and CLEW are not compatible waveforms. SLEW, among other enhancements, provides increased propagation and a more powerful Error Detection and Correction (EDAC) algorithm. While the option exists to operate in either CLEW or SLEW, all participants in a given Link 11 net must select the same waveform to achieve connectivity between units. Link 11 is defined in Military Standard (MIL STD) 6011, Tactical Data Link (TDL) A/B Message Standard.

Change of terminology[edit]

The term Tactical Digital Information Link (TADIL) was obsolete (per DISA guidance) and is now more commonly seen as Tactical Data Link (TDL)[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Understanding Voice+Data Link Networking, p. 1-1" (PDF). Northrop Grumman. Retrieved 29 July 2020.

External links[edit]