Linn County, Iowa

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Linn County, Iowa
Linn County Court House.jpg
Flag of Linn County, Iowa
Flag
Map of Iowa highlighting Linn County
Location in the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1839
Named for Lewis Linn
Seat Cedar Rapids
Largest city Cedar Rapids
Area
 • Total 725 sq mi (1,878 km2)
 • Land 717 sq mi (1,857 km2)
 • Water 7.6 sq mi (20 km2), 1.1%
Population
 • (2010) 211,226
 • Density 295/sq mi (114/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.linncounty.org

Linn County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 211,226,[1] making it the second-most populous county in Iowa. The county seat is Cedar Rapids.[2] Linn county is named in honor of Senator Lewis Linn of Missouri.[3]

Linn County is included in the Cedar Rapids, IA Metropolitan Statistical Area.[4]

History[edit]

Linn County was organized by the first legislative assembly of the Iowa Territory on January 15, 1839. A site was selected for its first county seat along Indian Creek, and was named Marion, after the Revolutionary War general Francis Marion. As early as 1855, there were debates over moving the county seat to the fast-growing Cedar Rapids, southwest of Marion, but it was not until November 6, 1919, that there were enough votes in favor of the move (9,960 to 4,823).[5] The first rail line was built through Cedar Rapids in 1859, and made the town (and the county) a major commercial hub in eastern Iowa.

Many areas of the county were damaged by the flooding of Cedar River in June 2008.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 725 square miles (1,880 km2), of which 717 square miles (1,860 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (20 km2) (1.1%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 5,444
1860 18,947 248.0%
1870 31,080 64.0%
1880 37,237 19.8%
1890 45,303 21.7%
1900 55,392 22.3%
1910 60,720 9.6%
1920 74,004 21.9%
1930 82,336 11.3%
1940 89,142 8.3%
1950 104,274 17.0%
1960 136,899 31.3%
1970 163,213 19.2%
1980 169,775 4.0%
1990 168,767 −0.6%
2000 191,701 13.6%
2010 211,226 10.2%
Est. 2015 219,916 [7] 4.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 211,226 in the county, with a population density of 294.4163/sq mi (113.6748/km2). There were 92,251 housing units, of which 86,134 were occupied.[12]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Linn County

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 191,701 people, 76,753 households, and 50,349 families residing in the county. The population density was 267 people per square mile (103/km²). There were 80,551 housing units at an average density of 112 per square mile (43/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.90% White, 2.57% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.37% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. 1.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 76,753 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.20% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.40% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.99.

Age spread: 25.30% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,206, and the median income for a family was $56,494. Males had a median income of $38,525 versus $26,403 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,977. About 4.30% of families and 6.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.60% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Linn County Court House in Cedar Rapids

On July 24, 2007, the voters of Linn County approved a measure to change the form of government from a 3-member Board of Supervisors elected at large to a 5-member Board of Supervisors elected by district. The supervisors serve overlapping 4-year terms.[14]

The current supervisors are:

Name District First elected
Jim Houser 1st District 2014
Linda Langston 2nd District 2002
Ben Rogers 3rd District 2008
Brent Oleson 4th District 2008
John Harris 5th District 2010

The Board of Supervisors is a governing and policy-making entity of the Linn County government. The county has several independent departments such as Sheriff, Legal, Auditor, Treasure and Recorder heads of which are also elected by the citizens of Linn County. Although county departments are primarily devoted to serving rural populations of Linn County, Department of Public Health (Linn County Public Health) serves both rural and urban populations. Linn County Public Health is the only health department in Iowa which is nationally accredited and is headed by Pramod Dwivedi.[15] Some of the county departments which may have similar roles to the city departments are: Sheriff (Police); Planning (Building); Conservation (Parks and Recreation); Assessor (Assessor); and Secondary Roads/Engineering (Public Works).

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Linn County.[16]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Cedar Rapids City 126,326
2 Marion City 34,768
3 Hiawatha City 7,024
4 Mount Vernon City 4,506
5 Robins City 3,142
6 Center Point City 2,421
7 Lisbon City 2,152
8 Fairfax City 2,123
9 Ely City 1,776
10 Walford (partially in Benton County) City 1,463
11 Central City City 1,257
12 Springville City 1,074
13 Palo City 1,026
14 Walker City 791
15 Alburnett City 673
16 Coggon City 658
17 Bertram City 294
18 Prairieburg City 178

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 187. 
  4. ^ United States Office of Management and Budget. "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). pp. 5, 36. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 14, 2006. Retrieved July 21, 2006. 
  5. ^ "History of Linn County". 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  7. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 18, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved May 19, 2011. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  14. ^ "Board of Supervisors". Retrieved February 18, 2009. 
  15. ^ "Linn County, IA - Official Website | Official Website". www.linncounty.org. Retrieved 2016-01-20. 
  16. ^ http://www.census.gov/2010census/

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°04′43″N 91°35′59″W / 42.07861°N 91.59972°W / 42.07861; -91.59972