Linn County, Kansas

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Linn County, Kansas
County
Hadsell House.jpg
House built by Charles C. Hadsall at Marais des Cygnes Massacre Site[1]
Map of Kansas highlighting Linn County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for Lewis F. Linn
Seat Mound City
Largest city Pleasanton
Area
 • Total 606 sq mi (1,570 km2)
 • Land 594 sq mi (1,538 km2)
 • Water 12 sq mi (31 km2), 2.0%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 9,558
 • Density 16/sq mi (6/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website LinnCountyKS.com

Linn County (county code LN) is a county located in east-central Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 9,656.[2] Its county seat is Mound City,[3] and its most populous city is Pleasanton. The county was named for Lewis F. Linn, a U.S. Senator from Missouri.[4][5]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century[edit]

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1867, Linn County was established.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 606 square miles (1,570 km2), of which 594 square miles (1,540 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (2.0%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18606,336
187012,17492.1%
188015,29825.7%
189017,21512.5%
190016,689−3.1%
191014,735−11.7%
192013,815−6.2%
193013,534−2.0%
194011,969−11.6%
195010,053−16.0%
19608,274−17.7%
19707,770−6.1%
19808,2346.0%
19908,2540.2%
20009,57015.9%
20109,6560.9%
Est. 20169,558[7]−1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2016[2]

Linn County is included in the Kansas City, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area.

As of the 2000 census,[12] there were 9,570 people, 3,807 households, and 2,748 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 4,720 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.50% White, 0.63% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.91% of the population.

There were 3,807 households out of which 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.70% were married couples living together, 6.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 18.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 100.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,906, and the median income for a family was $42,571. Males had a median income of $31,720 versus $22,287 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,009. About 7.80% of families and 11.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.20% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 78.2% 3,484 16.5% 736 5.3% 234
2012 71.1% 3,177 26.2% 1,170 2.7% 120
2008 66.8% 3,086 30.9% 1,425 2.3% 106
2004 64.3% 3,048 34.4% 1,631 1.3% 62
2000 59.0% 2,513 37.3% 1,587 3.7% 159
1996 49.0% 2,077 37.5% 1,590 13.4% 568
1992 34.2% 1,413 32.8% 1,353 33.0% 1,365
1988 58.6% 2,163 40.6% 1,497 0.8% 31
1984 70.3% 2,795 29.0% 1,152 0.7% 27
1980 64.9% 2,407 31.2% 1,157 3.9% 146
1976 52.0% 1,873 46.7% 1,681 1.3% 48
1972 73.4% 2,593 24.8% 876 1.8% 63
1968 63.1% 2,250 25.1% 893 11.8% 422
1964 52.7% 1,939 46.9% 1,725 0.4% 15
1960 70.2% 2,824 29.2% 1,176 0.6% 24
1956 71.6% 2,991 28.2% 1,177 0.2% 7
1952 74.0% 3,527 25.6% 1,220 0.4% 20
1948 60.5% 2,632 38.4% 1,673 1.1% 49
1944 68.5% 3,185 31.0% 1,442 0.4% 20
1940 66.0% 4,086 33.4% 2,067 0.6% 34
1936 58.8% 3,872 40.7% 2,682 0.5% 33
1932 44.5% 2,647 54.0% 3,216 1.5% 90
1928 75.2% 4,231 23.6% 1,328 1.2% 68
1924 57.9% 3,161 30.8% 1,683 11.3% 614
1920 62.8% 3,189 34.8% 1,764 2.4% 122
1916 45.5% 2,699 49.4% 2,930 5.2% 307
1912 24.0% 858 35.8% 1,283 40.2% 1,441[a]
1908 51.8% 1,950 44.0% 1,657 4.2% 158
1904 62.5% 2,324 29.2% 1,085 8.3% 307
1900 52.2% 2,279 46.8% 2,043 0.9% 41
1896 46.6% 2,153 52.5% 2,424 0.8% 39
1892 49.4% 2,046 50.6% 2,098[b]
1888 52.5% 2,166 19.4% 802 28.1% 1,157

Laws[edit]

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2004, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30 percent food sales requirement.[14]

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Linn County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Linn County is divided into eleven townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Blue Mound 07625 500 3 (8) 162 (63) 0 (0) 0.09% 38°5′37″N 95°0′45″W / 38.09361°N 95.01250°W / 38.09361; -95.01250
Centerville 12350 389 2 (5) 206 (79) 0 (0) 0.07% 38°12′39″N 94°59′56″W / 38.21083°N 94.99889°W / 38.21083; -94.99889
Liberty 40200 908 5 (14) 166 (64) 0 (0) 0.17% 38°19′38″N 94°59′26″W / 38.32722°N 94.99056°W / 38.32722; -94.99056
Lincoln 40825 2,251 18 (47) 125 (48) 11 (4) 7.84% 38°21′10″N 94°43′10″W / 38.35278°N 94.71944°W / 38.35278; -94.71944
Mound City 48775 1,421 11 (29) 129 (50) 0 (0) 0.16% 38°7′59″N 94°48′59″W / 38.13306°N 94.81639°W / 38.13306; -94.81639
Paris 54375 494 3 (8) 167 (65) 0 (0) 0.11% 38°13′49″N 94°50′1″W / 38.23028°N 94.83361°W / 38.23028; -94.83361
Potosi 57175 2,080 14 (37) 144 (56) 1 (0) 0.52% 38°10′35″N 94°42′20″W / 38.17639°N 94.70556°W / 38.17639; -94.70556
Scott 63550 641 4 (10) 163 (63) 1 (0) 0.73% 38°18′32″N 94°51′13″W / 38.30889°N 94.85361°W / 38.30889; -94.85361
Sheridan 64700 560 5 (13) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.19% 38°4′7″N 94°41′9″W / 38.06861°N 94.68583°W / 38.06861; -94.68583
Stanton 67875 169 2 (6) 78 (30) 0 (0) 0.04% 38°3′33″N 94°49′58″W / 38.05917°N 94.83278°W / 38.05917; -94.83278
Valley 72925 157 2 (4) 94 (36) 6 (2) 5.91% 38°16′7″N 94°41′41″W / 38.26861°N 94.69472°W / 38.26861; -94.69472
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on 2002-08-02. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles Hadsall house at the Marais des Cygnes Massacre State Historic Site, Linn County, Kansas
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 166. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 187. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  14. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
Notes
  1. ^ This total comprises 1,052 votes (29.4%) for Progressive Theodore Roosevelt and 389 votes (10.9%) for Socialist Eugene V. Debs.
  2. ^ 2,063 votes (49.78%) were for Populist James B. Weaver (who was supported by the state’s Democrats) and 35 (0.84%) for Prohibition Party candidate John Bidwell.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Other
Maps

Coordinates: 38°13′N 94°51′W / 38.217°N 94.850°W / 38.217; -94.850