Linnean Society of London
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (August 2014)|
|Purpose||Taxonomy & Natural History|
The Linnean Society of London is a society for the study and dissemination of taxonomy and natural history. It publishes several academic journals in plant and animal biology, and also issues The Linnean, a review of the history of the society and of taxonomy in general.
The Linnean Society, founded in 1788, took its name from the Swedish naturalist Carolus Linnaeus after his ennoblement, Carl von Linné (hence the spelling Linnean, not "Linnaean").
Medals and prizes
The Linnean Society of London aims to promote the study of all aspects of the biological sciences, with particular emphasis on evolution, taxonomy, biodiversity, and sustainability. Through awarding medals and grants, the Society acknowledges and encourages excellence in all of these fields.
The following medals and prizes are awarded by the Linnean Society:
- Linnean Medal, established 1888, awarded annually to alternately a botanist or a zoologist or (as has been common since 1958) to one of each in the same year.
- H. H. Bloomer Award, established 1963 from a legacy by the amateur naturalist Harry Howard Bloomer, awarded "an amateur naturalist who has made an important contribution to biological knowledge"
- Bicentenary Medal, established 1978, on the 200th anniversary of the death of Linnaeus, "in recognition of work done by a person under the age of 40 years".
- Jill Smythies Award, established 1986, awarded for botanical illustrations.
- Irene Manton Prize, established 1990, for the best dissertation in botany during an academic year.
- Darwin-Wallace Medal, for major advances in evolutionary biology.
- Linnean Tercentenary Medal, established in 2007.
- John C Marsden Medal, established 2012, for the best doctoral thesis in biology examined during a single academic year.
- John Spedan Lewis Medal, established 2015, awarded to "an individual who is making a significant and innovative contribution to conservation".
- Trail-Crisp Award, awarded "in recognition of an outstanding contribution to biological microscopy that has been published in the UK".
Linnaeus' botanical and zoological collections were purchased in 1783 by Sir James Edward Smith, the first President of the society, and are now held in London by the society. The collections include 14,000 plants, 158 fish, 1,564 shells, 3,198 insects, 1,600 books and 3,000 letters and documents. They may be viewed by appointment.
Smith's own plant collection is also held by the Society. It has been databased by the Smith Herbarium Project at the National Museums Liverpool. 6,000 specimens have been cleaned and repaired.
The Linnean Society founded and published several journals that are still in publication: the Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, focusing on evolutionary biology of all organisms, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, which focuses on plant sciences, and Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society focusing on animal systematics and evolution.
- 2015- Paul Brakefield
- 2012-2015 Dianne Edwards
- 2009–2012 Vaughan R. Southgate
- 2006–2009 David F. Cutler
- 2003–2006 Gordon McGregor Reid
- 2000-2003 Sir David Smith
- 1997–2000 Ghillean Prance
- 1994–1997 Brian G. Gardiner
- 1991–1994 John G. Hawkes
- 1988–1991 Michael Frederick Claridge
- 1985-1988 William Gilbert Chaloner
- 1982–1985 Robert James "Sam" Berry
- 1979-1982 William T. Stearn
- 1976–1979 Humphry Greenwood
- 1973–1976 Irene Manton
- 1970–1973 Alexander James Edward Cave
- 1967–1970 Arthur Roy Clapham
- 1964–1967 Errol White
- 1961–1964 Thomas Maxwell Harris
- 1958–1961 Carl Pantin
- 1955-1958 Hugh Hamshaw Thomas
- 1952-1955 Robert Beresford Seymour Sewell
- 1949–1952 Felix Eugen Fritsch
- 1946–1949 Gavin de Beer
- 1943–1946 Arthur Disbrowe Cotton
- 1940–1943 Edward Stuart Russell
- 1937–1940 John Ramsbottom
- 1934–1937 William Thomas Calman
- 1931–1934 Frederick Ernest Weiss
- 1927–1931 Sidney Frederic Harmer
- 1923–1927 Alfred Barton Rendle
- 1919–1923 Arthur Smith Woodward
- 1916–1919 Sir David Prain
- 1912–1916 Sir Edward Poulton
- 1908–1912 Dukinfield Henry Scott
- 1904–1908 William Abbott Herdman
- 1900–1904 Sydney Howard Vines
- 1896–1900 Albert Charles Lewis Gotthilf Günther
- 1894–1896 Charles Baron Clarke
- 1890–1894 Charles Stewart
- 1886–1890 William Carruthers
- 1881–1886 Sir John Lubbock, 4th Baronet (later 1st Baron Lubbock)
- 1874–1881 George James Allman
- 1861–1874 George Bentham
- 1853–1861 Thomas Bell
- 1849–1853 Robert Brown
- 1837–1849 Edward Stanley
- 1833–1836 Duke of Somerset
- 1828–1833 Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby
- 1788–1828 Sir James Edward Smith
- Category:Fellows of the Linnean Society of London
- Dorothea Pertz one of the first women awarded full membership
- "Bristol botanist awarded prestigious medal for her contribution to natural history". University of Bristol. 24 May 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
- Freeman, R. B. (2007). Charles Darwin: A companion (2d online ed.). The Complete Works of Charles Darwin Online. pp. 107, 109.
- "The Linnean Society of London: Medals and Prizes". Linnean.org. Retrieved 2012-04-08.
- "Linnean Society Collection recognised for its national significance". 2014-12-11. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- Linnean Society of London
- Home page of the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society
- Home page of the Biological Journal of the Linnean Society
- Home page of the Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society
- BHL scans of Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 1791-1874
- BHL scans of Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. 2nd series, Zoology 1875-1921
- BHL scans of Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd series: Botany 1875-1922
- Works by Linnean Society of London at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Linnean Society of London at Internet Archive