23 September 1943|
Juan de Mena, Paraguay
|Died||2 February 2013
Presidente Hayes, Paraguay
|Political party||Colorado Party (–2002)
National Union of Ethical Citizens (2002–2013)
Lino César Oviedo Silva (September 23, 1943 – February 2, 2013) was a Paraguayan politician and army general. He was the leader of the National Union of Ethical Citizens, which split from the Colorado Party in 2002.
Life and work
Oviedo was born in poverty in the town of Juan de Mena (Cordillera Department) on September 23, 1943. He chose a military career, studied in Germany and eventually became a close aide to General Andrés Rodríguez. He was named chief of the Army in 1993. When President Juan Carlos Wasmosy asked him to step down from that position in April 1996, he allegedly refused and threatened a coup d'etat. After days of tension, Wasmosy offered him the Defence Ministry instead, but when Oviedo went to the presidential palace to take the oath, dressed in civilian clothes, the President, backed by popular demonstrations, withdrew the offer.
Ousted from the military, he concentrated in winning the ruling Colorado Party's candidacy for the 1998 presidential elections, and succeeded by presenting a populist platform through his great rhetorical skills. A month before the national elections, and while leading the polls, he was finally condemned to a ten-year prison term for his 1996 military mutiny. His running mate Raúl Cubas continued the campaign and eventually won the elections, largely based on the promise to free Oviedo, which in fact he did days after taking office, over the protest of the Paraguayan Supreme Court and opposition leaders.
In March 1999, vice president Luis María Argaña, a key political enemy of both Oviedo and President Cubas, was assassinated. In the midst of riots and political turmoil, Cubas resigned, abandoning Oviedo, who fled into exile, first in Argentina and then in Brazil.
Imprisonment and release (2004-2007)
On June 28, 2004, he returned to Paraguay and was detained by the police, who took him to the Military Prison of Viñas Cué, located a short distance from Asunción. Initially sentenced to a ten-year term, he was released on parole for good behaviour on 6 September 2007.
In November 2006, a Paraguayan man, Tomás Velázquez, held a hunger strike before he crucified himself publicly as a protest in Asunción. He maintained that Oviedo was the target of political persecution and that the military tribunal that convicted him for his alleged participation in a subversive plot was illegal according to the constitution, as it had been conducted in time of peace.
On October 30, 2007, Oviedo's conviction was overturned by the Supreme Court in an eight to one decision following testimony from former officers that there had been no coup attempt. The ruling left Oviedo free to run in the April 2008 presidential election.
Later political career
In January 2008 he was nominated as the candidate of his party, the National Union of Ethical Citizens (UNACE), without opposition. He lost the Paraguayan general election, 2008, getting 22.8% of votes.
On the night of 2 February 2013, Lino Cesar Oviedo died in a helicopter accident near Puerto Antequera, in the Chaco region. He was flying back to Asunción after an electoral rally held in the city of Concepción. His death was confirmed the following day by a national police rescue team.
- "Paraguay's Oviedo leaves prison", BBC News, 6 September 2007.
- "Paraguay man crucified in public", BBC News, 30 November 2006.
- "Paraguayan High Court Annuls Former General's Coup Conviction", VOA News, October 31, 2007.
- Bill Faries, "Paraguay's Oviedo Cleared to Run for Presidency, Nacion Says", Bloomberg.com, October 31, 2007.
- "Once-jailed Paraguayan army chief nominated for opposition run for president", Associated Press (The China Post), January 14, 2008.
- (Spanish) Última Hora, 16 August 2008, Lino César Oviedo fue abucheado por la multitudinaria concurrencia
- (Spanish) Última Hora, 3 February 2013, Falleció Lino Oviedo en accidente de helicóptero en el Chaco