|Origins||OSDL & FSG|
|Method||Promotion, protection, and standardization of Linux by providing unified resources and services needed for open source to successfully compete with closed platforms.|
|185 Corporate Members, and a multitude of Individual Members|
The Linux Foundation (LF) is a non-profit technology trade association chartered to promote, protect and advance Linux and collaborative development. Founded in 2007 by the merger of the Open Source Development Labs (OSDL) and the Free Standards Group (FSG), the Linux Foundation sponsors the work of Linux creator Linus Torvalds and is supported by leading Linux and open source companies, including prominent technology corporations such as Fujitsu, HP, IBM, Intel, NEC, Oracle, Qualcomm and Samsung, and developers from around the world. In recent years, The Linux Foundation has expanded its services through events, training and certification and Collaborative Projects. Examples of Collaborative Projects at Linux Foundation include OpenDaylight, Open Platform for NFV (OPNFV), AllSeen Alliance, Cloud Foundry and Node.js Foundation.
- 1 History
- 2 Goals
- 3 Fields of activity
- 4 Collaborative Projects
- 5 Members
- 6 Funding
- 7 Events
- 8 References
- 9 External links
On September 11, 2011, The Linux Foundation's website was taken down due to a breach discovered 27 days prior, including but limited to all attendant subdomains of The Linux Foundation, such as Linux.com. Major parts including OpenPrinting were still offline on October 20, 2011. The restoration was complete on January 4, 2012 (although one site, the Linux Developer Network, will not be restored).
The Linux Foundation serves as a vendor-neutral spokesperson for Linux and generates original content that advances the understanding of the Linux platform. It also fosters innovation by hosting collaboration events among the Linux technical community, application developers, industry, and end users to solve pressing issues facing Linux. Through the Linux Foundation's community programs, end users, developers, and industry members collaborate on technical, legal, and promotional issues.
In order for Linux Kernel creator Linus Torvalds and other key kernel developers to remain independent, the Linux Foundation sponsors them so they can work full-time on improving Linux. The Linux Foundation also manages the Linux trademark, offers developers legal intellectual property protection, and coordinates industry and community legal collaboration and education.
The Linux Foundation offers application developers standardization services and support that makes Linux an attractive target for their development efforts. These include: the Linux Standard Base (LSB) and the Linux Developer Network.
The Linux Foundation supports the Linux community by offering technical information and education through its annual events, such as the Linux Collaboration Summit, the Linux Kernel Developers Summit, and the general LinuxCon event inaugurated in September 2009.
The Linux Foundation also provides services to key areas of the Linux community, including an open source developer travel fund and other administrative assistance. Through its workgroups, members and developers can collaborate on key technical areas. There is also a training program that is vendor-neutral, technically advanced, and created with the actual leaders of the Linux development community.
Fields of activity
Automotive Grade Linux
Automotive Grade Linux (AGL) is a collaborative open source project developing a common, Linux-based software stack for the connected car. Automotive Grade Linux was announced September 16, 2012. The community's first open source software release is now available for download, bringing the industry one step closer to realizing the benefits of open automotive innovation. With AGL, anyone can have a seat at the table to create and change the platform at its source. Read the press release or visit the AGL wiki to learn more and download the code.
The site was relaunched on May 13, 2009, shifting away from its previous incarnation as a news site to become a central source for Linux tutorials, information, software, documentation and answers across the server, desktop/netbook, mobile, and embedded areas. It also includes a directory of Linux software and hardware.
Much like Linux itself, Linux.com plans to rely on the community to create and drive the content and conversation.
The Linux Foundation hosts a Linux video forum where users, developers and vendors can create and share Linux video tutorials. It also includes videos from recent Linux Foundation events, as well as other industry forums. It is the home for the annual Linux Foundation Video Contest. The Linux Foundation plans to add commissioned series of Linux video tutorials on Linux.com in the months ahead.[when?]
Linux Developer Network
|This article is outdated. (January 2012)|
The Linux Developer Network is an online community for Linux application developers and independent software vendors who want to start or continue to develop applications for the Linux platform.
The Linux Developer Network's goal is to empower developers to target the Linux platform. One of the ways the Linux Developer Network helps developers accomplish this is to help them build portable Linux applications. The Linux Developer Network also gives developers tools to create the best Linux apps possible, no matter which platform developers want to work with.
The Linux Foundation Training Program features instructors and content straight from the leaders of the Linux developer community.
Attendees receive Linux training that is vendor-neutral, technically advanced and created with the actual leaders of the Linux development community themselves. The Linux Foundation Linux training courses, both online and in-person, give attendees the broad, foundational knowledge and networking needed to thrive in their careers.
Linux Standard Base
The Linux Standard Base, or LSB, is a joint project by several Linux distributions under the organizational structure of the Linux Foundation to standardize the software system structure, or filesystem hierarchy, used with Linux operating system. The LSB is based on the POSIX specification, the Single UNIX Specification, and several other open standards, but extends them in certain areas.
According to the LSB:
The goal of the LSB is to develop and promote a set of open standards that will increase compatibility among Linux distributions and enable software applications to run on any compliant system even in binary form. In addition, the LSB will help coordinate efforts to recruit software vendors to port and write products for Linux Operating System.
The LSB compliance may be certified for a product by a certification procedure.
The LSB specifies for example: standard libraries, a number of commands and utilities that extend the POSIX standard, the layout of the file system hierarchy, run levels, the printing system, including spoolers such as CUPS and tools like Foomatic and several extensions to the X Window System.
Carrier Grade Linux
Carrier Grade Linux (CGL) is a set of specifications which detail standards of availability, scalability, manageability, and service response characteristics which must be met in order for Linux kernel-based operating system to be considered "carrier grade" (i.e. ready for use within the telecommunications industry). The term is particularly applicable as telecom converges technically with data networks and commercial off-the-shelf commoditized components such as blade servers.
The OpenPrinting workgroup is a website belonging to the Linux Foundation which provides documentation and software support for printing under Linux. Formed as LinuxPrinting.org, in 2006 it became part of the Free Standards Group.
They developed a database that lists a wide variety of printers from various manufacturers. The database allows people to give a report on the support and quality of each printer, and they also give a report on the support given to Linux by each printer vendor. They have also created a foomatic (formerly cupsomatic) script which plugs into the Common Unix Printing System (CUPS).
Patent Commons Project
The patent commons consists of all patented software which has been made available to the open source community. For software to be considered to be in the commons the patent owner must guarantee that developers will not be sued for infringement, though there may be some restrictions on the use of the patented code. The concept was first given substance by Red Hat in 2001 when it published its Patent Promise.
The Patent Commons Project was launched on November 15, 2005 by the Open Source Development Labs (OSDL). The core of the project is an online patent commons reference library aggregating and documenting information about patent-related pledges and other legal solutions directed at the open-source software community. As of 2015[update] the project listed 53 patents.
Linux Foundation Collaborative Projects. As of October 2013, the following "Collaborative Projects" were founded (alphabetical order)
Cloud Native Computing Foundation
The Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF) was founded to "help facilitate collaboration among developers and operators on common technologies for deploying cloud native applications and services", built on containers It was launched alongside Kubernetes 1.0, an open source container cluster manager, which was contributed to the Foundation by Google as a seed technology. Founding members included Google, Cisco, IBM, Docker and VMware.
Code Aurora Forum
Code Aurora Forum is a consortium of companies with projects serving the mobile wireless industry. Software projects it concerns itself with are e.g. Android for MSM, Femto Linux Project, LLVM, MSM WLAN and Linux-MSM.
Core Infrastructure Initiative
FOSSBazaar is an open community of technology and industry leaders who are collaborating to accelerate adoption of free and open-source software in the enterprise.
Open Virtualization Alliance (OVA)
The Biological Expression Language (BEL) is a language for representing scientific findings in the life sciences in a computable form. OpenBEL powers SBV Improver Challenge 3. The goal of the Challenge is to perform peer review of a massive number of networks for lung biology. The key is using OpenBEL to represent the biology in a consistent open format that can be turned into a computationally tractable model
OpenDaylight is a community-led, open, industry-supported framework, for accelerating adoption, fostering new innovation, reducing risk and creating a more transparent approach to Software-Defined Networking
ONOS (Open Network Operating System) is an open source community which a mission of bringing the promise of software-defined networking (SDN) to communications service providers in order to make networks more agile for mobile and data center applications with better economics for both users and providers.
IO Visor is an open source project and community of developers that will enable a new way to innovate, develop and share IO and networking functions. It will advance IO and networking technologies to address new requirements presented by cloud computing, the Internet of Things (IoT), Software-Defined Networking (SDN) and Network Function Virtualization (NFV).
OpenMAMA (Open Middleware Agnostic Messaging API) is a lightweight vendor-neutral integration layer for systems built on top of a variety of message orientated middlewares.
Tizen is a free and open-source, standards-based software platform supported by leading mobile operators, device manufacturers, and silicon suppliers for multiple device categories such as smartphones, tablets, netbooks, in-vehicle infotainment devices, and smart TVs.
The Xen Project team is a global open source community that develops the Xen Hypervisor, contributes to the Linux PVOPS framework, the Xen® Cloud Platform and Xen® ARM.
The Yocto Project is an open source collaboration project that provides templates, tools and methods to help create custom Linux-based systems for embedded products regardless of the hardware architecture. It was founded in 2010 as a collaboration among many hardware manufacturers, open-source operating systems vendors, and electronics companies to bring some order to the chaos of embedded Linux development.
- Platinum Members (8), who each donate US$500,000 annually, incl. (listed alphabetically) Fujitsu Ltd, Hewlett-Packard Development Co. LP, Intel Corp., IBM Corp., NEC Corp., Oracle Corp., Qualcomm Innovation Center Inc. and Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd
- Gold Members (15), who each donate US$100,000 annually, incl. (listed alphabetically) Advanced Micro Devices Inc., Bloomberg LP, China Mobile Ltd, Cisco Systems Inc., Citrix Systems, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Inst., Google Inc., Hitachi Ltd, Huawei, Motorola Solutions Inc., NetApp Inc., NYSE Technologies, Panasonic Corp., SUSE and Toyota Motor Corp.
- Silver Members (224), who each donate US$5,000-20,000 (scaling with number of employees) annually, e.g. (listed alphabetically) Adobe Systems Inc., ARM Holdings PLC, Broadcom Corp., Canonical Ltd, Dell Inc., DreamWorks Animation LLC, EMC Corp., HSA Foundation, Igalia S.L., Inktank, Jaguar Land Rover, Lexmark International, Inc., LG Electronics Inc., MIPS Technologies Inc., Nvidia, OwnCloud, Protecode Inc., PayPal, Red Hat Inc., Renesas Electronics Corp., Siemens AG, Solace Systems, Sony Corp., Texas Instruments Inc., Tieto, Tuxera, Twitter, Toshiba Corp., Valve Corporation, VMware Inc, Yahoo, et al.
- Affiliates (6).
Members of the foundation's board of directors are elected by corporate members (higher-paying members electing more directors). Membership was also open to individuals (enabling them to collectively elect two directors and individually run for one of those two seats) until January 2016, when those provisions were eliminated. Individuals can now only be "supporters".
Its funding comes primarily from its Platinum Members: Fujitsu, HP, IBM, Intel, NEC, Oracle, Qualcomm, and Samsung and for many years Hitachi. These nine each having a representative on the Board of Directors, they hold a majority on the 16-person board.
As of April 2014, the foundation collects annual fees worth at least 6,245,000 USD:
- 8 Platinum members
- 16 Gold members
- 224 Silver members
- Enterprise End User Summit
- Linux Security Summit
- TIZEN Developer Summit
- TIZEN Developer Conference
- Open Compliance Summit
- Enterprise Users Meeting
- Collaboration Summit
- AllSeen Alliance Summit
- OPNFV Summit
- Linux Security Summit
- Linux Plumbers Conference
- Open Daylight Summit
- Xen Project Developer Summit
- Xen Project User Summit
- The Annual Linux Kernel Summit
- Korea Linux Forum
- CloudStack Days
- KVM Forum
- Automotive Linux Summit
- Embedded Linux Conference
- Android Builders Summit
- VAULT Linux Storage and Filesystem Conference
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2011)|
- "Members". The Linux Foundation. 2013-06-20. Retrieved 2013-06-29.
- Bort, Julie (2012-11-05). "Hewlett-Packard Plunks Down $500,000 To Help Linux—And Maybe Send Microsoft A Signal". Business Insider. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- Latif, Lawrence (2012-06-06). "Samsung takes a seat with Intel and IBM at the Linux Foundation". The Inquirer. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- LF Collaboration Forum statement
- LF Linux Protection statement
- About the Linux Standard Base
- LPI certifications
- Proffitt, Brian (2011-09-11). "Linux.com, Linux Foundation Sites Breached". ITworld. Retrieved 2013-06-29.
- "Openprinting down due to hack at the linux foundation | Daniel Dressler". Danieru.com. 2011-10-13. Retrieved 2013-06-29.
- Proffitt, Brian. "Linux Foundation sites back in action". ITworld. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "Automotive Grade Linux".
- "Announcing Automotive Grade Linux". 2012-09-16.
- "Automotive Grade Linux wiki".
- "20th Anniversary of Linux video Contest". Linux Videos. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
- Certification. The Linux Foundation (2006-10-20). Retrieved on 2014-05-23.
- DeKoenigsberg, Greg (2005). "Building the patent commons". Retrieved December 26, 2012.
- "Patent Commons Project". Linux Foundation. Retrieved 2015-03-30.
- "Cloud Native Computing Foundation". Linux Foundation. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
- Vaughan-Nicholls, Steven J. (2015-07-21). "Cloud Native Computing Foundation seeks to forge cloud and container unity". ZDNet. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
- HP pays $500,000 for Linux Foundation Platinum membership
- LF Members, 2013-01-27
- Anderson, Tim (2016-01-25). "Linux Foundation quietly scraps individual memberships". The Register. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
- Byfield, Bruce (2016-01-27). "The Linux Foundation and the Uneasy Alliance". Datamation. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
- These are the "Platinum Members", paying US$500,000 per year according to Schedule A in LF's bylaws. That's US$4 million. The Gold Members contribute a combined total of US$1.6, and smaller members less again.
- "Board Members". The Linux Foundation. 2013-06-20. Retrieved 2013-06-29.