Linux Libertine

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Linux Libertine
Linux Libertine.svg
CategorySerif
ClassificationTransitional
Designer(s)Philipp H. Poll
FoundryLibertine Open Fonts Project
Date releasedSeptember 23, 2003; 17 years ago (2003-09-23)
Characters2,673
Glyphs2,676
LicenseGPL / OFL
Shown hereVersion 5.3.0
Websitesourceforge.net/projects/linuxlibertine/
Latest release version5.3.0
Latest release dateJuly 6, 2012; 9 years ago (2012-07-06)
Linux Biolinum
Linux Biolinum sample.png
CategorySans-serif
ClassificationHumanist
Designer(s)Philipp H. Poll
FoundryLibertine Open Fonts Project
Date releasedSeptember 23, 2003; 17 years ago (2003-09-23)
Characters2,400
Glyphs2,403
LicenseGPL / OFL
Linux Biolinum.svg
Sample
Shown hereVersion 5.3.0
Latest release version5.3.0
Latest release dateJuly 6, 2012; 9 years ago (2012-07-06)

Linux Libertine is a digital typeface created by the Libertine Open Fonts Project, which aims to create free and open alternatives to proprietary typefaces such as Times New Roman. It is developed with the free font editor FontForge and is licensed under the GNU General Public License and the SIL Open Font License.[1]

Characteristics[edit]

Linux Libertine is a proportional serif typeface inspired by 19th century book type and is intended as a replacement for the Times font family.[1]

The typeface has five styles: regular, bold, italic, bold italic, and small capitals, all of which are available in TrueType and OpenType format, as well as in source code. The OpenType version allows automatic positioning and substitution, including true fractions, ligatures and kerning. A display type variant, while similar in letter form, is lighter in weight and bears a closer resemblance to old-style types such as Palatino.

There is also a complementary humanist sans-serif face, Linux Biolinum, similar to Optima or Candara. It is available in bold and italic styles.

Unicode coverage[edit]

Linux Libertine contains more than 2,000 glyphs and encompasses character sets such as the Greek Alphabet, Cyrillic script, and Hebrew alphabet. Additionally, it offers several ligatures (such as f‌f, f‌i, and c‌t, and the capital ß). It also includes special characters such as International Phonetic Alphabet, arrows, floral symbols, Roman numbers, text figures, and small caps. The Tux mascot is included at the Unicode code point U+E000.

Usage[edit]

The Wikipedia wordmark in small caps

In 2010, Linux Libertine was adopted as an open-source substitute for the Hoefler Text typeface in the redesign of the Wikipedia logo, making it possible to localize the Wikipedia identity into more than 250 languages and character sets.[2] The "W" character, which had previously been used in various other places in Wikipedia (such as the favicon) and was a "distinctive part of the Wikipedia brand", had "crossed" V glyphs in the original logo, while Linux Libertine has a joined W letter shape. As a solution, the "crossed" W was added to Linux Libertine as an OpenType variant.[3][4]

Both the Linux Libertine and Linux Biolinum typefaces are used by the open-source design publication Libre Graphics Magazine.[5]

Derivative works[edit]

Németh László created a variant of fonts with additional Graphite font tables: Linux Libertine G and Linux Biolinum G.[6] Both these fonts are bundled with LibreOffice as of the suite's 3.3 release,[7] with some features added in the 3.5 release.[8] LibreOffice is the default office suite in many Linux distributions, such as Fedora,[9] Linux Mint,[10] openSUSE[11] and Ubuntu.[12]

Khaled Hosny forked the Linux Libertine font family in 2012.[13] The fork stemmed from a lack of a matching mathematical companion font for Linux Libertine. He officially released the initial version of his fork in 2016.[14] Due to licensing restrictions of Linux Libertine regarding the need to change the name of derivative works, he renamed his version to "Libertinus fonts".[15] Hosny also used this opportunity to unify the various font names. Thus, Linux Libertine became Libertinus Serif, Linux Biolinum became Libertinus Sans, and Linux Libertine Mono became Libertinus Mono. His new mathematical font is called Libertinus Math. While working on the mathematical companion, Hosny fixed many technical issues of the already existing fonts. This led him to a complete fork of Linux Libertine, not just adding a complementing typeface to it.[16] Since Linux Libertine's releases came to a halt in 2012,[17] the actively developed Libertinus fonts are de facto a continuation of the now stalled Linux Libertine project. Khaled passed the role of maintainer on to Caleb Maclennan in 2020.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Byfield, Bruce (August 28, 2006). "Linux Libertine Open Fonts offers free Times Roman alternative". Linux.com. Archived from the original on May 21, 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  2. ^ Walsh, Jay (May 13, 2010). "Wikipedia in 3D". Wikimedia Blog. Retrieved February 20, 2012.
  3. ^ Poll, Philipp H. "New Wikipedia-Logo using LinuxLibertine". Libertine Open Fonts Project. Archived from the original on March 20, 2012. Retrieved January 30, 2011.
  4. ^ Walsh, Jay (May 13, 2010). "Wikimedia official marks/About the official Marks". Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved February 20, 2012.
  5. ^ Carvalho, Ana Isabel; coons, ginger; Lafuente, Ricardo (2010). "Production Colophon" (PDF). Libre Graphics Magazine. 1 (1): 7. ISSN 1925-1416. Retrieved July 18, 2011.
  6. ^ "Linux Libertine G and Linux Biolinum G for LibreOffice and OpenOffice.org desktop publishing, OpenType to Graphite conversion". Numbertext.org. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
  7. ^ "Bundled Linux "Libertine G" and Linux "Biolinum G" fonts". Libreoffice.org. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
  8. ^ "Release Notes 3.5". The Document Foundation wiki. February 21, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2012.
  9. ^ "Features/LibreOffice". fedoraproject.org. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
  10. ^ "Linux Mint 11 "Katya" released". The H. Heinz Heise. May 26, 2011. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
  11. ^ "openSUSE 11.4 Will Be First To Roll Out With LibreOffice". opensuse.org. March 7, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
  12. ^ "Features/Office applications". ubuntu.com. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
  13. ^ "First commit of the Linux Libertine software repository". GitHub. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  14. ^ Hosny, Khaled. The libertine gets mathematical. TUGboat, vol. 37 (2016), No. 1. (PDF), retrieved December 17, 2017
  15. ^ "alif-type/libertinus: Libertinus Font Family". GitHub. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  16. ^ Hosny, Khaled. The libertine gets mathematical. TUGboat, vol. 37 (2016), No. 1. (PDF), retrieved December 17, 2017
  17. ^ Sourceforge - list of releases of the Linux Libertine font, retrieved December 8, 2017
  18. ^ https://github.com/alerque/libertinus#history

External links[edit]