Linux Libertine

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Linux Libertine
Linux Libertine.svg
CategorySerif
ClassificationTransitional
Designer(s)Philipp H. Poll
FoundryLibertine Open Fonts Project
Date releasedSeptember 23, 2003; 15 years ago (2003-09-23)
Characters2,673
Glyphs2,676
LicenseGPL / OFL
Shown hereVersion 5.3.0
Websitewww.linuxlibertine.org
Latest release version5.3.0
Latest release dateJuly 6, 2012; 6 years ago (2012-07-06)
Linux Biolinum
Linux Biolinum sample.png
CategorySans-serif
ClassificationHumanist
Designer(s)Philipp H. Poll
FoundryLibertine Open Fonts Project
Date releasedSeptember 23, 2003; 15 years ago (2003-09-23)
Characters2,400
Glyphs2,403
LicenseGPL / OFL
Linux Biolinum.svg
Sample
Shown hereVersion 5.3.0
Latest release version5.3.0
Latest release dateJuly 6, 2012; 6 years ago (2012-07-06)

Linux Libertine is a digital typeface created by the Libertine Open Fonts Project, which aims to create free and open alternatives to proprietary typefaces such as Times New Roman. It is developed with the free font editor FontForge and is licensed under the GNU General Public License and the SIL Open Font License.[1]

Characteristics[edit]

Linux Libertine is a proportional serif typeface inspired by 19th century book type and is intended as a replacement for the Times font family.[1]

The typeface has five styles: regular, bold, italic, bold italic, and small capitals, all of which are available in TrueType and OpenType format, as well as in source code. The OpenType version allows automatic positioning and substitution, including true fractions, ligatures and kerning. A display type variant, while similar in letter form, is lighter in weight and bears a closer resemblance to old-style types such as Palatino.

There is also a complementary humanist sans-serif face, Linux Biolinum, similar to Optima or Candara. It is available in bold and italic styles.

Unicode coverage[edit]

Linux Libertine contains more than 2,000 glyphs and encompasses character sets such as the Greek Alphabet, Cyrillic script, and Hebrew alphabet. Additionally, it offers several ligatures (such as f‌f, f‌i, and c‌t, and the capital ß). It also includes special characters such as International Phonetic Alphabet, arrows, floral symbols, Roman numbers, text figures, and small caps. The Tux mascot is included at the Unicode code point U+E000.

Usage[edit]

The Wikipedia wordmark in small caps

In 2010, Linux Libertine was adopted as an open-source substitute for the Hoefler Text typeface in the redesign of the Wikipedia logo, making it possible to localize the Wikipedia identity into more than 250 languages and character sets.[2] The "W" character, which had previously been used in various other places in Wikipedia (such as the favicon) and was a "distinctive part of the Wikipedia brand", had "crossed" V glyphs in the original logo, while Linux Libertine has a joined W letter shape. As a solution, the "crossed" W was added to Linux Libertine as an OpenType variant.[3][4]

Both the Linux Libertine and Linux Biolinum typefaces are used by the open-source design publication Libre Graphics Magazine.[5]

Derivative works[edit]

Németh László created a variant of fonts with additional Graphite font tables: Linux Libertine G and Linux Biolinum G.[6] Both these fonts are bundled with LibreOffice as of the suite's 3.3 release,[7] with some features added in the 3.5 release.[8] LibreOffice is the default office suite in many Linux distributions, such as Fedora,[9] Linux Mint,[10] openSUSE[11] and Ubuntu.[12]

Khaled Hosny forked Linux Libertine to create the Libertinus Serif font, which added multiple enhancements to the original font, he also created Libertinus Math based on the same font to add mathematical layout extensions. Additionally, there is Libertinus Sans which is based on Linux Biolinium and Libertinus Mono which is based on Linux Libertine Mono.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Byfield, Bruce (August 28, 2006). "Linux Libertine Open Fonts offers free Times Roman alternative". Linux.com. Archived from the original on May 21, 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  2. ^ Walsh, Jay (May 13, 2010). "Wikipedia in 3D". Wikimedia Blog. Retrieved February 20, 2012.
  3. ^ Poll, Philipp H. "New Wikipedia-Logo using LinuxLibertine". Libertine Open Fonts Project. Retrieved 2011-01-30.
  4. ^ Walsh, Jay (May 13, 2010). "Wikimedia official marks/About the official Marks". Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved February 20, 2012.
  5. ^ Carvalho, Ana Isabel; coons, ginger; Lafuente, Ricardo (2010). "Production Colophon" (PDF). Libre Graphics Magazine. Libre Graphics Magazine. 1 (1): 7. ISSN 1925-1416. Retrieved 2011-07-18.
  6. ^ "Linux Libertine G and Linux Biolinum G for LibreOffice and OpenOffice.org desktop publishing, OpenType to Graphite conversion". Numbertext.org. Retrieved 2018-07-09.
  7. ^ "Bundled Linux "Libertine G" and Linux "Biolinum G" fonts". Libreoffice.org. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
  8. ^ "Release Notes 3.5". The Document Foundation wiki. February 21, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2012.
  9. ^ "Features/LibreOffice". fedoraproject.org. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
  10. ^ "Linux Mint 11 "Katya" released". The H. Heinz Heise. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2011.
  11. ^ "openSUSE 11.4 Will Be First To Roll Out With LibreOffice". opensuse.org. 7 March 2011. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
  12. ^ "Features/Office applications". ubuntu.com. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
  13. ^ "libertinus-fonts/libertinus: Libertinus Font Family". GitHub. Retrieved 27 June 2018.

External links[edit]