Package format

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A package format is a type of archive containing files and additional metadata found on packages.[1] While the archive file format itself is unchanged, package formats additionally specify the contents, such as requiring a manifest file or certain directory layout.

The term is particularly used on Unix systems, and there are several formats available, both for Linux distributions and BSD systems, though the concept also includes pkg files on Mac OS X, MSI files on Windows, JAR files for Java, among others.

These are the principal kinds of package:

Packages may be converted to one type to another with software such as Alien.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Justin Angelo Cappos, Stork: Secure Package Management for VM Environments, ProQuest, 2008, p. 128 ;
  2. ^ "App packaging". Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "InstallingSoftware - Community Ubuntu Documentation". Retrieved 2013-04-24. 
  4. ^ "ebuild". Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  5. ^ Kauler, Barry (2006). "Pup FAQ". Retrieved 2008-10-27. 
  6. ^ "App Center (QPKG)". 
  7. ^ "rpm - Trac". Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  8. ^ "makepkg.conf(5) Manual Page". 
  9. ^ "The Slackware Linux Project: Configuration Help". Retrieved 29 September 2014.