Linwood, New Zealand

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Linwood
Linwood House in 2003
Linwood House in 2003
Coordinates: 43°31′53″S 172°40′21″E / 43.53139°S 172.67250°E / -43.53139; 172.67250Coordinates: 43°31′53″S 172°40′21″E / 43.53139°S 172.67250°E / -43.53139; 172.67250
CountryNew Zealand
CityChristchurch
Local authorityChristchurch City Council
Electoral ward
  • Central
  • Linwood
Area
 • Land285 ha (704 acres)
Population
 (June 2021)[2]
 • Total10,460
Richmond Avonside Wainoni
Christchurch Central City
Linwood
Phillipstown Woolston Bromley
Linwood Community Centre and Art Gallery with the back collapsed by the February 2011 earthquake

Linwood is an inner suburb of the city of Christchurch, New Zealand. It lies to the east of the city centre, mostly between Ferry Road and Linwood Avenue, two of the major arterial roads to the eastern suburbs of Christchurch.

History[edit]

Linwood was given its name by Joseph Brittan, who purchased rural section 300 in Avonside. The adjoining rural section 301 was to be part of the farm, but the right was sold but probably farmed with rural section 300 and was eventually bought back by his son in 1874. To this was added a small part of section 30 to give access in 1855 and 21-year lease for the adjoining sections in 1862 giving a total area of about 380 acres (about 150ha).[3][4] He called the farm Linwood, as he was from Linwood, Hampshire.[5] Brittan built Linwood House at 30 Linwood Avenue in 1857, which stood there until demolition following the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake.[4][6]

Christchurch lacked an accessible port before the construction of the Lyttelton Rail Tunnel in 1867. This posed a significant problem for the fledgling city. A barge service along what is now Linwood Avenue was mooted prior to this tunnel but was never completed.

The Linwood Islamic Centre was the site of a mass shooting during the Christchurch mosque shootings on 15 March 2019.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Linwood covers 2.85 km2 (1.10 sq mi).[1] It had an estimated population of 10,460 as of June 2021, with a population density of 3,670 people per km2.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
20069,015—    
20138,622−0.63%
20189,783+2.56%
Source: [8]

Linwood had a population of 9,783 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 1,161 people (13.5%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 768 people (8.5%) since the 2006 census. There were 3,873 households. There were 5,043 males and 4,743 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.06 males per female, with 1,563 people (16.0%) aged under 15 years, 2,559 (26.2%) aged 15 to 29, 4,593 (46.9%) aged 30 to 64, and 1,074 (11.0%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 64.5% European/Pākehā, 16.9% Māori, 6.9% Pacific peoples, 21.3% Asian, and 3.9% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

The proportion of people born overseas was 31.8%, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 45.9% had no religion, 32.0% were Christian, 5.9% were Hindu, 1.7% were Muslim, 1.2% were Buddhist and 6.1% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 1,503 (18.3%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 1,635 (19.9%) people had no formal qualifications. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 4,215 (51.3%) people were employed full-time, 1,101 (13.4%) were part-time, and 459 (5.6%) were unemployed.[8]

Individual statistical areas
Name Population Households Median age Median income
Linwood West 4,962 2,115 32.9 years $28,300[9]
Linwood North 2,709 990 36.0 years $27,700[10]
Linwood East 2,112 768 34.7 years $28,100[11]
New Zealand 37.4 years $31,800

Economy[edit]

Retail[edit]

Linwood's commercial area is concentrated around the intersection of Linwood Avenue, Aldwins Road and Buckleys Road.

Eastgate Mall covers an area of 30,500 m².[12] It has 1100 carparks and 40 shops, including The Warehouse, Countdown, Warehouse Stationery, Number One Shoes and Lincraft.[13]

Parks[edit]

Linwood Park Village

The largest parks in Linwood are Bromley Park[14] and the adjacent Linwood Cemetery,[15] followed by Beverley Park[16] and the North Linwood Community Park. As there are no defined suburb boundaries in Christchurch, post code boundaries are sometimes used for suburb boundaries (e.g. by Google Maps). According to Google Maps, most of Woodham Park[17] is located in Linwood whilst only part of Linwood Park[18] belongs to the eponymous suburb. Most commonly, Aldwins Road and Linwood Avenue are considered the boundary roads of Woolston and if so, Linwood Park is located in Woolston.

Education[edit]

Linwood College is a secondary school for years 7 to 13.[19] It has a roll of 779. The school opened in 1954.[20]

Te Pā o Rākaihautū is a Kura Kaupapa Māori composite school which teaches years 1 to 13 in the Māori language.[21] It has a roll of 220. It was founded in 2015.[22]

Linwood Avenue Primary School and Whītau School are contributing primary schools for years 1 to 6,[23][24] with rolls of 357 and 297 students, respectively. Linwood Avenue opened in 1928,[25] and Whītau opened in 1908 as Linwood North School.[26][27]

All of these are coeducational state schools. Rolls are as of March 2021.[28]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ArcGIS Web Application". statsnz.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Population estimate tables - NZ.Stat". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  3. ^ Archives NZ land records
  4. ^ a b "Linwood House". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 13 August 2011.
  5. ^ Greenaway, Richard L. N. (June 2007). "Avonside Anglican Parish Cemetery Tour" (PDF). Christchurch City Libraries. p. 9. Retrieved 13 August 2011.
  6. ^ Cronshaw, Tim (5 March 2011). "Heritage heartbreak looms". The Press. Retrieved 13 August 2011.
  7. ^ Bayer, Kurt; Leasl, Anna (24 August 2020). "Christchurch mosque terror attack sentencing: Gunman Brenton Tarrant planned to attack three mosques". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Linwood West (327900), Linwood North (328500) and Linwood East (329300).
  9. ^ 2018 Census place summary: Linwood West
  10. ^ 2018 Census place summary: Linwood North
  11. ^ 2018 Census place summary: Linwood East
  12. ^ Gibson, Anne (23 December 2001). "Growth plans for Eastgate Mall". Wilson & Horton. New Zealand Herald.
  13. ^ "Our shops - Eastgate Mall". eastgate.co.nz. Eastgate Mall.
  14. ^ "Bromley Park". findchch.com. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  15. ^ "Linwood Cemetery". findchch.com. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  16. ^ "Beverley Park & Playground". findchch.com. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  17. ^ "Woodham Park". findchch.com. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  18. ^ "Linwood Park". findchch.com. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  19. ^ Education Counts: Linwood College
  20. ^ "Welcome to Linwood College - Warm greetings to the Linwood community". Linwood College. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  21. ^ Education Counts: Te Pā o Rākaihautū
  22. ^ "Te Pā o Rākaihautū". rakaihautu.com. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  23. ^ Education Counts: Linwood Avenue Primary School
  24. ^ Education Counts: Whītau School
  25. ^ "Miscellaneous Local Historical Information" (PDF). Christchurch City Libraries. p. 92. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  26. ^ Baker, Timothy David (1908). "Linwood North School centennial, 1908-2008". Linwood North School.
  27. ^ "Whītau School". Education Review Office. 6 November 2019.
  28. ^ "New Zealand Schools Directory". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 27 April 2021.