Linwood Holton

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Linwood Holton
Linwood Holton 1970.jpg
United States Assistant Secretary of State for Legislative Affairs
In office
February 28, 1974 – January 31, 1975
PresidentRichard Nixon
Gerald Ford
Preceded byMarshall Wright
Succeeded byRobert J. McCloskey
61st Governor of Virginia
In office
January 17, 1970 – January 12, 1974
LieutenantSargeant Reynolds
Henry Howell
Preceded byMills Godwin
Succeeded byMills Godwin
Personal details
Abner Linwood Holton Jr.

(1923-09-21) September 21, 1923 (age 97)
Big Stone Gap, Virginia, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Jinks Rogers[1]
Children4 (including Anne and Woody)
EducationWashington and Lee University (BA)
Harvard University (LLB)
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Navy
Years of service1942–1969
RankUS-O6 insignia.svg Captain
Battles/warsWorld War II
Korean War

Abner Linwood "Lin" Holton Jr. (born September 21, 1923) is an American politician, Virginia political figure and attorney. He served as the 61st Governor of Virginia, from 1970 to 1974 and was the first Republican governor of Virginia in the 20th Century.[2]

Early life[edit]

A. Linwood Holton Jr. was born on September 21, 1923 in Big Stone Gap, Virginia.[3] His father was the executive of a small coal-hauling railroad.[4]

Holton entered Washington and Lee University in Lexington, Virginia, in 1941. After the Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor, he enlisted in the United States Navy on July 4, 1942. He received a commission after graduating in 1944 and served on active duty submarine service throughout World War II and in the reserves for more than two decades afterwards. He graduated from Harvard Law School in 1949. Prior to entering politics, he was an attorney in Roanoke, Virginia.

Political career[edit]

Holton was active in the Republican Party when it barely existed in Virginia. He was one of the leading Republicans who fought the Byrd Organization during the three decades it dominated Virginia politics.

In 1965, Holton ran for governor as the Republican candidate and was defeated by Democrat Mills E. Godwin Jr. In 1969, Holton won 52.51% of the vote in the gubernatorial election, defeating Democrat William C. Battle, Virginia Conservative Beverly B. McDowell, American Independent William A. Pennington, and Independent George R. Walker. He became the first Republican governor of Virginia since 1869.

Holton at Virginia Tech in 1971

In 1970, when desegregation was an issue in Virginia, Holton voluntarily placed his children, including future First Lady Anne Holton, in the mostly-black Richmond Public Schools, garnering much publicity.

As governor, he increased employment of blacks and women in state government, created the Virginia Governor's Schools Program in 1973, provided the first state funds for community mental health centers, and supported environmental efforts.

A moderate Republican, Holton was against welcoming conservative Byrd Democrats into the Virginia Republican Party. As the GOP moved increasingly rightward, it turned its back on Holton. When Harry F. Byrd Jr. broke ranks with the increasingly liberal national Democrats and ran as an independent for the Senate in 1970, Holton insisted on running a Republican candidate rather than endorsing an independent. That eventually led to the nomination of Ray Garland.[5] Byrd went on to win the three-way election with an absolute majority.

Holton also encouraged a moderate Republican to run in the special election in 1971 to choose a successor for deceased Lieutenant Governor J. Sargeant Reynolds, an election that was won by another independent, populist Henry Howell.

Holton was not eligible to run in 1973, as Virginia does not allow governors to serve consecutive terms. In 1973, Mills Godwin, the conservative former Democrat who had defeated Holton in the 1965 election, was the Republican nominee. Godwin had supported massive resistance to racial integration and had first identified himself as a Republican in his speech accepting the Virginia Republican convention's nomination for governor.[6][7]

Later life[edit]

Following his term for governor, Holton served one year in the Nixon Administration as the Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations.[a][8] After leaving Washington, he practiced law as a shareholder at McCandlish Holton, P.C. He later served as President of the Center for Innovative Technology.

Holton later unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination for the United States Senate in 1978, finishing third in a race against Richard D. Obenshain, John Warner, and Nathan H. Miller. Warner later become the nominee after Obenshain's death in a plane crash.

After his retirement, Holton had supported moderate Republicans, including John Warner. As the Virginia Republican Party became more conservative, however, he found himself more in line with the state Democratic Party and endorsed several Democrats for statewide office, including his son-in-law, Governor Tim Kaine. Holton endorsed Barack Obama in the 2008 presidential election.[9]

The Holtons have four children: Tayloe, Anne, Woody, and Dwight. Anne is married to U.S. Senator and former Virginia Governor Tim Kaine, the nominee of the Democratic Party for Vice President in 2016. She was the first First Lady of Virginia to live in Virginia's Executive Mansion both as a child and as a First Lady.[b] In January 2014, Anne Holton was named Virginia Secretary of Education.[10] Woody Holton (Abner Linwood Holton III) has published three books, including Unruly Americans and the Origins of the Constitution (2007), a finalist for the National Book Award, and Forced Founders: Indians, Debtors, Slaves and the Making of the American Revolution in Virginia (1999). His third book, a biography of Abigail Adams, won the Bancroft Prize in 2010. Dwight Holton served as acting U.S. Attorney for Oregon from 2010 to 2011.[11][12] He later lost to Ellen Rosenblum in the May 2012 primary in the race for Oregon Attorney General.[13]

In November 2005, Holton underwent surgery for bladder cancer. The University of Virginia Press published his memoir, Opportunity Time, in March 2008. He has been a long-time member of the Governing Council of the University of Virginia's Miller Center of Public Affairs.

In 1999, Linwood Holton Elementary School, in Richmond, Virginia, was named in his honor.

In 2017, the City of Roanoke hosted Holton for the dedication of a plaza named in his honor.[14]

Personal life[edit]

Holton married Virginia “Jinks” Rogers on January 10, 1953. She was the daughter of a leading Roanoke Democratic Party figure.[15] Together, they had four children, Anne, Tayloe, Woody, and Dwight.[15]

Holton's daughter Anne is married to Tim Kaine, who served as governor of Virginia from 2006 through 2010, and is currently a United States Senator from Virginia. Kaine was the 2016 Democratic vice presidential nominee.[16]


  1. ^ The position was later renamed as the Assistant Secretary of State for Legislative Affairs
  2. ^ Thomas Jefferson's daughter Martha Jefferson Randolph, known as "Patsy", was married to Virginia Governor Thomas Mann Randolph Jr. but never lived in the Mansion.


  1. ^ "Linwood Holton". National Governors Association. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
  2. ^ Cain, Andrew (October 6, 2016). "Five Virginia first ladies tout Hillary Clinton, Tim Kaine at Black History Museum". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  3. ^ Hershman, James H., Jr. (March 24, 2014). "A. Linwood Holton (1923– )". Encyclopedia of Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  4. ^ Hershman, James H., Jr. (March 24, 2014). "A. Linwood Holton (1923– )". Encyclopedia of Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  5. ^ Atkinson, Frank B. (2006). The Dynamic Dominion. pp. 240–250. ISBN 9780742552098.
  6. ^ Apple, Jr., R. W. (September 25, 1989). "Though Racial Politics Lurks, It Is Muted in Virginia Contest". The New York Times. Retrieved February 17, 2008.
  7. ^ Rich, Frank (February 17, 2008). "The Grand Old White Party Confronts Obama". The New York Times. Retrieved February 17, 2008.
  8. ^ "Archive: Assistant Secretary of State for Legislative Affairs". United States Department of State. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  9. ^ Craig, Tim (September 13, 2008). "Linwood Holton to Campaign for Obama". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
  10. ^ Daudani, Ray (January 3, 2014). "Former First Lady Anne Holton named VA Secretary of Education". Retrieved January 13, 2014.
  11. ^ "Weddings: Mary Ellen Glynn, Dwight Holton". New York Times. September 24, 2000. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
  12. ^ "Dwight Holton named interim U.S. attorney for Oregon". The Oregonian. February 10, 2010. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
  13. ^ Manning, Jeff (May 16, 2012). "Ellen Rosenblum defeats Dwight Holton for attorney general (2012 primary election)". Oregon Live. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
  14. ^ 981-3331, Matt Chittum "Downtown plaza dedicated for Linwood Holton, history-making former governor and one-time Roanoker". Roanoke Times. Retrieved October 17, 2017.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  15. ^ a b "Holton, A. Linwood (1923– ) – Encyclopedia Virginia". Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Humanities. Retrieved April 2, 2021.
  16. ^ Horowitz, Jason (August 5, 2016). "For Anne Holton, Tim Kaine's Wife, Elite Circles Are Old Turf". The New York Times. Retrieved April 2, 2021.

Further reading[edit]

  • Atkinson, Frank B. The Dynamic Dominion: Realignment and the Rise of Virginia's Republican Party Since 1945 (Fairfax, Va., 1992)
  • Eisenberg, Ralph. "Virginia: The Emergence of Two-Party Politics." in The Changing Politics of the South (Baton Rouge, 1972) pp 48+
  • Sweeney, James R. "Southern strategies," Virginia Magazine of History & Biography (1998) 106#2 pp 165–200.

Primary sources[edit]

  • A. Linwood Holton Jr., Opportunity Time: A Memoir by Governor Linwood Holton. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-8139-2720-6

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
H. Clyde Pearson
Republican nominee for Governor of Virginia
1965, 1969
Succeeded by
Mills Godwin
Preceded by
William Milliken
Chair of the Republican Governors Association
Succeeded by
Winfield Dunn
Political offices
Preceded by
Mills Godwin
Governor of Virginia
Succeeded by
Mills Godwin
Preceded by
Marshall Wright
Assistant Secretary of State for Legislative Affairs
Succeeded by
Robert J. McCloskey