Linz Airport

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Linz Airport
Flughafen Linz
Hörsching Flughafen.JPG
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Linz GesmbH
Serves Linz, Austria
Elevation AMSL 977 ft / 298 m
Coordinates 48°14′00″N 14°11′15″E / 48.23333°N 14.18750°E / 48.23333; 14.18750Coordinates: 48°14′00″N 14°11′15″E / 48.23333°N 14.18750°E / 48.23333; 14.18750
Website linz-airport.com/en
Map
LNZ is located in Austria
LNZ
LNZ
Location of airport in Austria
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
09/27 9,842 3,000 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 402.007 Decrease 7,68%[1]
Freight (including
road feeder service,
metric tons)
53.976 Increase 20.76%[2]

Linz Airport (German: Flughafen Linz, IATA: LNZ, ICAO: LOWL) is a primary international airport located near Linz, the third-largest city in Austria. In some contexts, the operator calls the airport the blue danube airport linz.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Air traffic used to take place at the Südbahnhofmarkt in the center of Linz where the zeppelin Estaric I took off on 30 October 1909. In 1925 air traffic was established between Linz and Vienna. Starting in 1934, the air traffic operation was based in the Linz-Katzenau district (nowadays industrial center), which was later terminated by the NSDAP after 1938. The airport was then moved to Hörsching.

The following table shows some of the units of the Luftwaffe (air force in Nazi Germany), which were deployed from 1943 to 1945.[3]

From To UnitUnit[4]
October 1943 December 1943 I./KG 51 (Bomber Wing 51)
November 1943 March 1944 III./KG 76
October 1944 April 1944 II./KG(J) 27
April 1945 April 1945 II./KG 51
April 1945 May 1945 I./JG 52 (Fighter Wing 52)

Since 1956 regular passenger air traffic takes place. Since 1966 daily flight connections to Frankfurt Airport are available.

Development since the 1970s[edit]

In 1972 a passenger terminal was built and was officially opened in 1976. Since 1985 the flight path is equipped with an Instrument landing system, category IIIb. In the years 1998 to 2003 the passenger terminal was adjusted and enlarged. In 2005 a new instrument landing system (ILS) was put into operation at runway 08/26.

Until 1989 the supersonic jet Concorde landed several times at the airport. Since the 90s some cargo flights were dispatched by the high-capacity transporter Antonov An-124 Ruslan. In 2003 the world's largest cargo aircraft Antonov An-225 landed in Austria. On 2 June 2010 a Lufthansa Airbus A380-800 landed at Linz Airport, coming from Vienna and left for Munich.[5]

Amerer Air operated from the airport Linz from 1995 until 2009 and was the only cargo company in Austria.[6] In June 1994 the cargo terminal 1 was completed. In October 2013 the cargo terminal 5 was put into operation. 6 million euros were invested in the new cargo terminal.[7] With more than 100 companies, Linz Airport is the largest business park in Upper Austria. The Flughafen GmbH employs about 160 people.

Linz Airport is the fifth largest airport in Austria by passenger numbers after Vienna, Salzburg, Innsbruck and Graz. The airport is a shared property. 50% belongs to Upper Austria state and 50% belongs to Linz city.[8]

In February 2015, Austrian Airlines announced that they would reduce the domestic route between Linz and the capital Vienna from six down to two daily flights, as most travellers are expected to use the new and improved rail link between the two cities.[9] Since the inauguration of the new rail services in December 2014, the direct journey from Linz central station to Vienna International Airport takes a mere 1:47 hours without change of trains.[10] In September 2016, Austrian Airlines cut down the Linz-Vienna route again to only one flight per day and direction, stating extremely poor passenger numbers. Most travelers between Linz and Vienna now use the aforementioned rail link, as nearly one Railjet per hour departs for Vienna on which Austrian Airlines sells AirRail tickets as well.[11]

Because of geopolitical crises and terrorist attacks in holiday destinations, the demand for package holiday has declined all over Europe. The blue danube airport noted a drop in the destinations of Egypt and Turkey. In cooperation with ARGE "Flieg from Linz", Ibiza and Burgas were therefore included in the summer program 2016 and Tenerife in the winter program.[12] Due to an increasing demand, services to Greece and Egypt will be extended in 2018. Besides this, there will be direct flights to Rostock and Monastir again on a weekly basis starting from 2018.[13][14]

Facilities[edit]

Main hall
Check-in area
Control tower
Aerial view of Linz with the airport on the left side of the picture

Linz Airport is relatively small, with 11 gates. There is a shop and café in the entrance hall, connected to the check-in and airline desks. The airport restaurant can accommodate up to 450 people. On Sundays guest can book a special champagne brunch and on Friday the restaurant offers an Italian themed evening. In addition, the event "Dinner & Crime" takes regularly place at the restaurant. It is a typical Murder mystery game, which is held all over Austria, where the guests can participate and help to solve the murder case alongside professional actors. The Sky Gourmet Restaurant is the only venue for the event in Upper Austria. Beyond the security checks there is a duty-free shop and a small café accessible from both the domestic and international gate areas.

The airport also has a roof terrace, which can be visited during the summer months between 6 and 23 o'clock to observe the airplanes. For guests of the airport the access is free of charge. The rooftop also has a playground for children. For so called plane spotters special viewing spots were created, where visiters are able to take pictures of the planes from a wide range of angles without having to worry about any annoying obstacles.[15]

The airport is equipped with a 3000 meter long precision runway with two instrumental landing systems, as well as a helicopter landing pad. For medium-haul aircraft 16 parking positions are available. Linz Airport is actually a military airport but with a civil right of use. The civil part is located north of the landing strip. To the south lie the second largest barracks of Austria as well as a military airfield named "Fliegerhorst Vogler". On 1 November 2010, both runway 09/27 and helicopter landing pad 07/25 were renamed to runway 08/26 and helicopter landing pad 07/25 due to permanent changes in the magnetic declination. Since the submitted variation of the compass rose results in such a magnetic value which lies closer to 08/26 than the existing identification code 09/27, the Austrian flight control Austro Control initiated the tracking of the new runway designation.

The Cargo sector of the airport operates worldwide under the brand Air Cargo Center. In 2017 there was a significant cargo increase with a total of 53,796 tons of cargo. Thus the airport could strengthen its leading position as Austria’s largest regional airport for cargo services and further increase cargo services by more than 20% compared to last year.[16] Besides the daily rotation of DHL Aviation (Ljubljana – Linz – Leipzig) extra cargo transactions are often handled. The first cargo terminal was completed in 1994. A year later the new extensions was already in progress and opened finale in 1996. In 2000 followed the opening of the third cargo terminal. In June 2014 DHL Global Forwarding transported 9.5 tons of steel tiling from Linz to Mumbai by a Boeing 747-400F.[17] Following the ongoing expansion of the cargo facilities and the opening of cargo terminal 5 on 17 October 2013, a building the size of 70x35 meters, a 2.900 m² cargo hall, 12 loading bays as well as two sawtooth ramps were created.[7] Linz Airport is also equipped to dispatch jumbo jets.[18] Following the legal authorization in August 2017, DHL Express is in the process of setting up a new logistics center at the airport.[19] More than 25 million euros are invested in its construction. The merger aims to establish quality advantages and ensure increased safety standards.[20]

The General Aviation Center is housed in a separate terminal and coordinates among others the following points: Passport and customs checks, refueling, cleaning, defrosting as well as several other passenger and crew services.[21]

The airline pilot school AeronautX Luftfahrtschule is also located in the airport.

Accessibility[edit]

The airport has special parking spaces for passengers with reduced mobility. These pitches have a 20% discount. In addition, there are telephones which can be used to contact the airport personnel and request a free wheelchair, if necessary. The airport itself has elevators and ramps which make the changing of levels easier. Important places such as: Toilets and laundry rooms, as well as the airport restaurant are either on the ground floor or accessible by elevator.

Ownership[edit]

Linz airport is operated by Flughafen Linz GmbH, which is owned in equal parts by OÖ Verkehrsholding GmbH and Linz city. Since 1998, Gerhard Kunesch is the airport's manager.[22]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Linz Airport:[23]

Airlines Destinations
Air Cairo Seasonal charter: Hurghada, Marsa Alam
Austrian Airlines Düsseldorf, Vienna
Seasonal charter: Chania, Heringsdorf, Karpathos, Kos, Larnaca,[24] Rhodes, Zakynthos
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya, Heraklion
Czech Airlines Seasonal charter: Brač
Eurowings Seasonal: Corfu,[25] Palma de Mallorca[23]
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Hurghada
Germania Seasonal: Rostock[26]
Laudamotion Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca[27]
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Ryanair Seasonal: London–Stansted[28]
Small Planet Airlines (Germany) Seasonal charter: Heraklion, Kos,[29] Rhodes[30]
SunExpress Seasonal charter: Antalya

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
DHL Aviation Leipzig/Halle, Ljubljana

Statistics[edit]

In terms of passenger figures the airport is ranked as number five of the six commercial airports in Austria. These numbers are quoted according to Austria’s traffic statistics.[31][32]

Year Passengers Aircraft operations Air cargo
(metric tons)
Total cargo
(incl. road feeder service,
metric tons)
2005 726,529 13,955 0.384 31,829
2006 762,094 12,705 0.404 33,862
2007 773,114 14,282 1,505 34,661
2008 803,163 15,674 5,181 36,540
2009 682,945 13,881 5,709 33,325
2010 692,039 13,688 6,558 w/o 44,809
2011 679,220 10,669 8,341 w/o 47,341
2012 623,385 10,894 8,283 w/o 42,974
2013 549,961 10,227 9,531 w/o 42,987
2014 561,295 10,433 10,994 w/o 44,414
2015 529,785 8,365 10,329 w/o 45,985
2016 435,468 10,433 10,994 w/o 44,881
2017 402.007 6.890 10.255 w/o 53.976

Accidents and incidents[edit]

The database of the Aviation Safety Network collects all fatal flight accidents worldwide since 1943. There are no registered accidents in the closer area of Linz Airport since the last update in 2014.[33]

Ground transportation[edit]

Car[edit]

The airport can be reached via federal highways B139 (which connects to motorway A1 Vienna – Germany) and B1. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport. There are three short-stay and schedule car parks, which offer place for 1,050 cars. Additionally, there are two large car parks with 2,300 parking spaces which are located at the side of the terminal. Passengers can use a shuttle service that takes them to the departure hall.[35]

Public transportation[edit]

Bus line 601 connects the airport within 20 minutes with the city centre of Linz. There is an additional free shuttle service for travellers from Hörsching railway station which itself can be reached from Linz main station.[36]

Environment[edit]

URIS[edit]

The blue danube airport Linz gets support from the URIS (Umfeld Rückkoppelungs- und Informations-System)- Council in its environmental concerns. The Council was founded in 1999 and works as a neutral contact point for all neighboring communities. In the URIS-council following interest groups are represented:[37]

  • Residents communities Ansfelden, Hörsching, Kirchberg-Thenning, Linz, Leonding, Marchtrenk, Oftering, Pasching, Traun
  • Bezirkshauptmannschaft Linz-Land
  • Federal Ministry of Defence
  • Economic Chamber, district office Linz-Land
  • Chamber of Labour Upper Austria
  • Industrialists Association Upper Austria
  • Airport Linz

Aircraft noise measurement[edit]

At the end of 2003 three new noise monitoring stations have been set up in the region of Linz airport, which measure and record around the clock the current sound level. The two stationary stations (Oftering and Traun) as well as the mobile measuring trailer were purchased from the Blue Danube Airport to complement the existing aircraft nose measurements. The stationary stations are 2,500 m (fire brigade Oftering) or 3,000 m (cemetery Linz) away from the nearest slope. The environmental protection department of Upper Austria analyzes the results and documents them in regular reports.[38][39] The current maximum value is 87.2 dB (civil) and 93.7 dB (military) in Oftering, 89.2 dB (civil) and 94.0 dB (military) in Traun and 81.8 dB (civil) and 87.0 dB (military) at the mobile station (status 2014).[40]

Safety[edit]

The airport has its own fire department whose area of responsibility is stated in national and international guidelines. The fire department has 6 cars with a total of 37,000 liters of water and 4500 kg foam or powder.[41] In December 2017, the blue danube airport was awarded the EU certificate by the EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency). The certificate confirms the quality and compliance with high safety standards in airport operations and for passengers. The Vienna International Airport, as well as Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz, Salzburg and the Bad Vöslau Airport are also holders of the EASA certificate.

Trivia[edit]

The Runway Night Run is a 5 km long marathon which takes place on the slopes of the Blue Danube Airport in Linz. Individuals as well as teams of three can participate. The starters of the teams are also included in the individual competition. The start and finish of the marathon are located at the Northwest corner of the shelf. The route runs along the apron of the taxiway "Foxtrot" to the runway. In the east at the end of the runway "08" is the turning point. Then it goes south to the runway "26" which leads you west to the taxiway "Golf" and finally to the finish line. Apart from the location, the beginning at exactly midnight is another special feature of the marathon.[42][43][44]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Traffic figures". Retrieved 3 April 2018. 
  2. ^ "Traffic figures". Retrieved 3 April 2018. 
  3. ^ "Luftwaffe Airfields 1935-45 Austria (1937 Borders)" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "Luftwaffe Airfields 1935-45 Austria (1937 Borders)" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "Airbus A380 in Linz gelandet". Retrieved 7 February 2015. 
  6. ^ "Wettbewerbsauslobung" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "2005 Onwards". Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  8. ^ "Flughafen Linz GesmbH" (in German). Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  9. ^ "AUA kündigt Welcome-Air-Wetlease - Austrian Aviation Net". Austrianaviation.net. Retrieved 18 November 2017. 
  10. ^ "Flughafen Wien - Bahnverbindungen". Viennaairport.com. Retrieved 18 November 2017. 
  11. ^ "Linz-Wien: Zug statt Flug - Austrian Aviation Net". Austrianaviation.net. Retrieved 18 November 2017. 
  12. ^ "Statistics". Linz-airport.com. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  13. ^ "Wieder ein Rostock-Flug". nachrichten.at. Retrieved 22 November 2017. 
  14. ^ "Verkehrszahlen 2017". Retrieved 29 January 2018. 
  15. ^ "plane spotting". Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  16. ^ "Statistiken" (in German). Retrieved 29 January 2018. 
  17. ^ "DHL lieferte Riesenbleche mit "Nose Up" Jumbo Charter" (in German). Retrieved 6 April 2015. 
  18. ^ "Neues Frachtterminal am Flughafen Linz eröffnet" (in German). Retrieved 5 April 2015. 
  19. ^ "DHL zieht positive Zwischenbilanz nach einem Jahr in Österreich" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 22 November 2017. 
  20. ^ "Hörsching: DHL Express plant eine ressourcenschonende Niederlassung am Blue Danube Airport" (in German). Retrieved 22 November 2017. 
  21. ^ "General Aviation". Linz-airport.com. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  22. ^ "Gerhard Kunesch: Der Direktor kämpft gegen Windmühlen". Nachrichten.at (in German). Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  23. ^ a b "Timetable". Linz-airport.com. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  24. ^ https://myholiday.austrian.com/en/flights/timetable/von/LNZ/nach/LCA.html
  25. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/276068/eurowings-expands-austria-greece-routes-in-s18/
  26. ^ "Linz: Germania nimmt Rostock auf - Austrian Aviation Net". Austrianaviation.net. Retrieved 18 November 2017. 
  27. ^ "Laudamotion outlines summer 2018 operations". routesonline.com. 16 March 2018. 
  28. ^ http://www.nachrichten.at/nachrichten/wirtschaft/Ryanair-stellt-Direktverbindung-Linz-London-ein;art15,2879463
  29. ^ https://www.smallplanet.aero/en/flight-schedule/1398?from=LNZ&to=&date=2018-05-24&number=
  30. ^ https://www.smallplanet.aero/en/flight-schedule/1398?from=LNZ&to=&date=2018-05-22&number=
  31. ^ "Statistik Austria". Statistik.at (in German). Retrieved 3 March 2016. 
  32. ^ "Statistics". Linz-airport.com. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  33. ^ "Länderseite Österreich". Avitation-safety.net (in German). Retrieved 5 April 2015. 
  34. ^ "YU-ABK Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  35. ^ "Linz Airport". Sirportsineurope.com. Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  36. ^ "Getting here & Parking". Linz-airport.com. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  37. ^ "URIS". Linz-airport.com. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  38. ^ "Lärmbericht Flughafen Linz Noise Report" (PDF). Land-oberoesterreich.gv.at (in German). Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  39. ^ "Schallmessungen Flughafen Linz" (in German). Retrieved 25 October 2015. 
  40. ^ "Fluglärm-Messwerte". Land-oberoesterreich.gv.at (in German). Retrieved 25 October 2015. 
  41. ^ "Daten und Fakten". Linz-airport.com (in German). Retrieved 6 March 2016. 
  42. ^ "News". Runwaynightrun.at (in German). Retrieved 2015-07-27. 
  43. ^ "Runway Night Run am Flughafen Linz". Austrianwings.info (in German). Retrieved 2015-07-27. 
  44. ^ "RUNWAY NIGHT RUN am Flughafen Linz". St-veit.ooe.gv.at (in German). Retrieved 2015-07-27. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Linz Airport at Wikimedia Commons