Liocranidae

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Sac spiders
Temporal range: Palaeogene–present
Liocranum rupicola 2007.04.07 15.50.39-p4070387.jpg
Liocranum rupicola
Feenlämpchen554.JPG
Egg sac of Agroeca brunnea
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Liocranidae
Simon, 1897
Diversity
32 genera, 291 species
Distribution.liocranidae.1.png

Liocranidae is a family of araneomorph spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1897.[1] They are one of several groups called "sac spiders". The holarctic genus Agroeca is the most well known, but it also includes various genera of more obscure spiders that still lack a diagnosis. Two species in the North American genus Neoanagraphis are found in the extremely dry conditions in the Mojave, Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts. Females live in animal burrows while males wander and are the ones most often caught in pitfall traps.

Genera[edit]

As of April 2019, the World Spider Catalog accepts the following genera:[2]

  • Agraecina Simon, 1932 — Europe, Africa, Kazakhstan
  • Agroeca Westring, 1861 — Asia, Europe, Africa, South America, North America
  • Andromma Simon, 1893 — Africa
  • Apostenus Westring, 1851 — Africa, United States, Europe
  • Arabelia Bosselaers, 2009 — Greece, Turkey
  • Argistes Simon, 1897 — Sri Lanka
  • Coryssiphus Simon, 1903 — South Africa
  • Cteniogaster Bosselaers & Jocqué, 2013 — Tanzania, Kenya
  • Cybaeodes Simon, 1878 — Europe, Algeria
  • Donuea Strand, 1932 — Madagascar
  • Hesperocranum Ubick & Platnick, 1991 — United States
  • Jacaena Thorell, 1897 — Asia
  • Koppe Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001 — Asia, Papua New Guinea
  • Laudetia Gertsch, 1941 — Dominica
  • Liocranoeca Wunderlich, 1999 — United States, Europe, Russia
  • Liocranum L. Koch, 1866 — Europe, Ethiopia, Asia, Papua New Guinea, Cuba
  • Liparochrysis Simon, 1909 — Australia
  • Mesiotelus Simon, 1897 — Europe, Asia, Kenya
  • Mesobria Simon, 1898 — Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Neoanagraphis Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936 — United States, Mexico
  • Oedignatha Thorell, 1881 — Asia, Oceania, Seychelles
  • Paratus Simon, 1898 — Asia
  • Rhaeboctesis Simon, 1897 — Angola, Namibia, South Africa
  • Sagana Thorell, 1875
  • Scotina Menge, 1873 — Algeria, Malta, Asia
  • Sesieutes Simon, 1897 — Asia
  • Sphingius Thorell, 1890 — Asia
  • Sudharmia Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001 — Indonesia
  • Teutamus Thorell, 1890 — Asia
  • Toxoniella Warui & Jocqué, 2002 — Kenya
  • Vankeeria Bosselaers, 2012 — Greece
  • Xenoplectus Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1958 — Argentina

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Simon, E. (1897). Histoire naturelle des araignées. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.51973.
  2. ^ "Family: Liocranidae Simon, 1897". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2019-04-21.

External links[edit]