Hericium erinaceus

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Hericium erinaceus
Igelstachelbart Nov 06.jpg
Scientific classification
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H. erinaceus
Binomial name
Hericium erinaceus
Synonyms
  • Clavaria erinaceus
  • Dryodon erinaceus
  • Hydnum erinaceus
Hericium erinaceus
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
teeth on hymenium
no distinct cap
lacks a stipe
spore print is white
ecology is parasitic
edibility: choice

Hericium erinaceus (also called lion's mane mushroom, monkey head mushroom,[1] bearded tooth mushroom, satyr's beard, bearded hedgehog mushroom, pom pom mushroom, or bearded tooth fungus) is an edible and medicinal mushroom belonging to the tooth fungus group. Native to North America, Europe and Asia it can be identified by its long spines (greater than 1 cm length), its appearance on hardwoods and its tendency to grow a single clump of dangling spines.[2] Hericium erinaceus can be mistaken for other species of Hericium, which are all popular edibles that grow across the same range. In the wild, these mushrooms are common during late summer and fall on hardwoods, particularly American beech.[citation needed]

Distribution[edit]

Although H. erinaceus is native to Europe, it has been red listed in 13 European countries due to poor germination and establishment. This specific genus fruits between August and December in the United Kingdom, and will continue to produce spores until as late as February in the following year.[citation needed] It is able to withstand cold temperatures and frost conditions.[3]

Chemistry[edit]

Hericium erinaceus contains a number of polysaccharides, such as β-glucan, heteroglucans, and heteroxylans, as well as several cyathane derivative diterpenoids known as hericenones and erinacines.[2][4]

Diet[edit]

H. erinaceus is commonly consumed in Asian countries for its purported health benefits, though to date, there have been no randomly controlled trials in humans regarding its potential effects, either positive or negative.[5]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Monkey Head Mushroom - Curative Mushrooms". Curative Mushrooms. 2017-04-10. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  2. ^ a b Friedman, Mendel (2015). "Chemistry, Nutrition, and Health-Promoting Properties of Hericium erinaceus (Lion's Mane) Mushroom Fruiting Bodies and Mycelia and Their Bioactive Compounds". J. Agric. Food Chem. 63 (32): 7108–7123. doi:10.1021/acs.jafc.5b02914. PMID 26244378.
  3. ^ Boddy, Lynne; Crockatt, Martha E.; Ainsworth, A. Martyn (2011-04-01). "Ecology of Hericium cirrhatum, H. coralloides and H. erinaceus in the UK". Fungal Ecology. Conservation underground: Fungi in a changing world. 4 (2): 163–173. doi:10.1016/j.funeco.2010.10.001. ISSN 1754-5048.
  4. ^ Zhang, M.; Cui, S. W.; Cheung, P. C. K.; Wang, Q. (2007-01-01). "Antitumor polysaccharides from mushrooms: a review on their isolation process, structural characteristics and antitumor activity". Trends in Food Science & Technology. 18 (1): 4–19. doi:10.1016/j.tifs.2006.07.013. ISSN 0924-2244.
  5. ^ Friedman, M (19 August 2015). "Chemistry, Nutrition, and Health-Promoting Properties of Hericium erinaceus (Lion's Mane) Mushroom Fruiting Bodies and Mycelia and Their Bioactive Compounds". Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 63 (32): 7108–23. doi:10.1021/acs.jafc.5b02914. PMID 26244378.