Lionel Blue

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Lionel Blue OBE
Rabbi
Personal details
Born (1930-02-06)6 February 1930
London, England
Died 19 December 2016(2016-12-19) (aged 86)
Denomination Reform Judaism
Residence London
Spouse Jim Cummings (1981–2014)
Occupation Rabbi
Alma mater Balliol College, Oxford
University of London
Leo Baeck College

Lionel Blue, OBE (6 February 1930 – 19 December 2016) was a British Reform rabbi, journalist and broadcaster, described by The Guardian as "one of the most respected religious figures in the UK".[1] He was best known for his longstanding work with the media, most notably his wry and gentle sense of humour on Thought for the Day on BBC Radio 4's Today programme. He was the first British rabbi publicly to declare his homosexuality.

Career[edit]

Blue was born in the East End of London in 1930. His parents were Jews of Russian origin and his father worked as a tailor.[2][1] Blue did not receive a religious education, declaring that he lost his religious faith at the age of five after a petitionary prayer failed to remove Adolf Hitler and Oswald Mosley. Instead, Blue became interested in Marxism. He entered Hendon County School at sixth form level, following education in the East End and a year out of school at age 16–17.[citation needed] He served in the British Army but was discharged after suffering a nervous breakdown brought on by anxiety over his closet homosexuality.[2]

Blue read History at Balliol College, Oxford and Semitics at the University of London.[1] He regained his faith while at the University of Oxford, when he found some resolution to severe personal conflicts regarding his sexual orientation at a Quaker meeting. He also found Victor Gollancz's A Year of Grace helpful during this time, and finally became one of the first two students at Leo Baeck College for training rabbis in 1956.[3][4]

Blue was ordained as a rabbi in 1960.[2] Between 1960 and 1963, Blue was the minister of the Settlement Synagogue and Middlesex New Synagogue. He then became the European Director of the World Union for Progressive Judaism.[citation needed] In 1967, he began a long-term engagement as a lecturer at Leo Baeck College in London. He lived in Finchley, north London.

Blue made his first radio broadcast in 1967 and was a regular contributor to BBC Radio 4's Thought for the Day programme for 25 years.[1] He made numerous appearances on BBC Radio 4 and Radio 2 and produced a television programme, entitled In Search of Holy England, in 1989.[1] In 2006, a return trip to his childhood home in London's East End to mark the 350th anniversary of Jewish life in Britain was the subject of an evocative audioslideshow on the BBC News website.

Blue was awarded honorary doctorates from the Open University and Grey College, Durham. In 1994, he was appointed to an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE).[1]

Personal life[edit]

Blue was the first British rabbi publicly to come out as gay in 1980 and published Godly and Gay in 1981. Blue met his partner, Jim Cummings, through a personal advertisement in Gay Times and the two cohabited from 1981 until Cummings' death in 2014.[5] He was involved with various gay charities, including the Jewish Gay and Lesbian Group and Kairos in Soho.[6][not in citation given]

Illnesses and death[edit]

Blue was diagnosed with epilepsy at the age of 57; however, he successfully controlled his disorder with medication. During an operation in 1997, a surgeon discovered a tumour which tests proved to be malignant. He received radiotherapy and hormonal treatment to reduce any further growth. He was also diagnosed as having Parkinson's disease.[7][8] Blue died on 19 December 2016 at the age of 86.[2]

Books[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Bates, Stephen (19 December 2016). "Rabbi Lionel Blue obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Rabbi Lionel Blue dies aged 86". BBC News. 19 December 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  3. ^ Blue, Lionel (2010) The Godseeker's Guide pps.15, 36 – 40 & 136, Continuum International Publishing Group, ISBN 1-84706-418-3
  4. ^ Our History – Rabbi Leigh Edgware & District Reform Synagogue
  5. ^ Moss, Stephen (13 November 2010). "Rabbi Lionel Blue: 'I've become happy – quite souffle-ish'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "centred – LGBTQ charity". kairosinsoho.org.uk. 
  7. ^ "Rabbi Lionel Blue: 'Gays have quite a lot to learn from religious". 12 February 2011. 
  8. ^ Moss, Stephen (12 November 2010). "Rabbi Lionel Blue: 'I've become happy – quite souffle-ish'" – via The Guardian. 

External links[edit]