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Loueke playing a skeleton guitar. Photo by Sheldon Levy
April 27, 1973|
|Labels||ObliqSound, Blue Note|
Lionel Loueke (born 27 April 1973) is a guitarist and vocalist born in Benin. He moved to Ivory Coast in 1990 to study at the National Institute of Art. He attended the American School of Modern Music in Paris, France from 1994–1998. In 1999, Loueke was awarded a scholarship to Berklee College of Music, where he earned a degree in Jazz Performance in 2000.
Lionel Loueke grew up in what he has described as a family of poor intellectuals in the West African country of Benin. He began playing percussion instruments around the age of 9 but was influenced by an older brother who played guitar, which he began playing himself in his late teens. It took Loueke a year to earn the $50 he needed to buy his first guitar. However, he could not afford to replace the strings, which had to be ordered from Nigeria. Instead, he soaked his strings in vinegar to keep them clean. When the strings broke, he had to replace them with bicycle brake cables which were hard on his fingers.
Loueke got his first professional job by accident. At a club during a break, he took a guitar from the bandstand and started playing it. The club's manager heard him and offered him a job. He played African pop music but discovered jazz when a friend returned from Paris with a copy of an album by jazz guitarist George Benson. This inspired Loueke to study jazz in Paris. He won a scholarship to the Berklee College of Music in Boston. In 2001, he auditioned for the Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz at the University of California Los Angeles. He was selected in a worldwide search by a panel of judges, including jazz musicians Herbie Hancock, Terence Blanchard, and Wayne Shorter. He attended the Institute until 2003.
In 2002, Loueke began playing with Blanchard. He was featured on two albums with Blanchard for Blue Note Records, Bounce (2003) and Flow (2005). He subsequently has had a prolific career as a sideman. He has performed on jazz pianist Herbie Hancock’s albums Possibilities (2006) and River: The Joni Letters (2007), and also worked with Kenwood Dennard, George Garzone, Bob Hurst, Alphonso Jonhson, Angelique Kidjo, Dianne Reeves, Cassandra Wilson, Wayne Shorter, Jeff 'Tain' Watts, Charlie Haden, Nathan East, Vinnie Colaiuta, Marcus Miller, Sting, Brian Blade, John Patitucci, Terri Lyne Carrington, Kenny Garrett, Roy Hargrove, Santana, Dennis Chambers, Magos Herrera, and Gretchen Parlato.
Loueke formed the trio Gilfema with Massimo Biolcati (bass) and Ferenc Nemeth (drums), classmates from the Berklee College of Music, and released two albums on the ObliqSound label: Gilfema (2005), and Gilfema + 2 (2008), featuring clarinet players Anat Cohen and John Ellis. Under his own name, Loueke recorded the live album In a Trance released by Space Time Records in 2005 and Virgin Forest, which was released by ObliqSound in 2006.
Loueke made his major-label debut in 2008, when Blue Note released his album Karibu. NPR.org praised the guitarist for his fusion of traditional African music with modern jazz harmonies, vocal inflections, and complex time signatures. The album features Biolcati and Nemeth, as well as guest appearances by Hancock and Shorter. His album, Mwaliko (2010), is a collection of duo and trio performances that mixes traditional West African music and jazz. Guests include fellow Benin native Kidjo, Cameroonian bassist and singer Richard Bona, bassist Esperanza Spalding, and drummer Marcus Gilmore, doing a version of Shorter’s classic composition "Nefertiti".
Along with playing guitar, Loueke sings. The singing includes Xhosa-inspired aspects, such as clicks (e.g., Nonvignon from Karibu). Loueke doesn't in fact speak Xhosa, and the singing is akin to scatting, having no linguistic meaning.
- In a Trance, independent release (2005)
- Virgin Forest (ObliqSound, 2007)
- Karibu (Blue Note, 2008)
- Mwaliko (Blue Note, 2010)
- Heritage (Blue Note, 2012)
- Gaïa (Blue Note, 2015)
- The Journey (Aparté, 2018)
- Gilfema (ObliqSound, 2005)
- Gilfema + 2 (ObliqSound, 2008) with Anat Cohen and John Ellis
With Kenny Barron
- The Traveler (Sunnyside, 2008)
With Terence Blanchard
With Jack DeJohnette
- Sound Travels (Golden Beam/eOne, 2012)
With Herbie Hancock
With Gretchen Parlato
- Gretchen Parlato (2005)
- In a Dream (2009)
- After the Big Rain (2007) – Avishai Cohen
- This Dance (2012) – Alison Wedding
- Biosphere (2012) – Florian Weber
- Triumph (2012) – Ferenc Nemeth
- Time's Tales (2014) – Jeff Ballard
- Coalition (2014) – Kenny Werner
- Imagine That (2015) – Daniel Freedman 
- Aziza (2016) – Dave Holland
- The Vampires Meet Lionel Loueke (2017) – The Vampires
- Our Point of View (2017) - Blue Note All-Stars
- Země (2018) - Luboš Soukup Quartet
- Kellman, Andy. "Lionel Loueke: Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-03-22.
- Bordal, Christian. "In Lionel Loueke, African Pop Meets Jazz". Retrieved 2010-03-22.
- Independent Music Awards – 7th Annual Winners Archived 2009-03-06 at the Wayback Machine.
- Long, Kyle. "Lionel Loueke's World of Influence". NUVO.
- United States Artists Official Website Archived 2010-11-10 at the Wayback Machine.
- Official site
- Lionel Loueke: Jazz Meets African Rhythms On 'Mwaliko' audio report by NPR