Lionel Newman

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Lionel Newman
Born (1916-01-04)January 4, 1916
New Haven, Connecticut
Died February 3, 1989(1989-02-03) (aged 73)
Los Angeles, California
Occupation(s) Composer, pianist, conductor
Instruments Piano

Lionel Newman (January 4, 1916 – February 3, 1989) was an American conductor, pianist, and film and television composer. He was the brother of Alfred Newman and Emil Newman, uncle of Randy Newman, David Newman, Maria Newman and Thomas Newman, and grandfather of Joey Newman.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Born in New Haven, Connecticut,[1] Newman was one of ten children, the youngest of seven boys, born to Russian immigrant Jewish parents. While the family had little money, the children's mother, Luba, was a strong woman who encouraged them to achieve. Newman migrated to Hollywood where, at the age of 16, he began conducting for impresario Earl Carroll. This was where he met his future wife, Beverly Carroll, an Earl Carroll Vanities showgirl, and niece of the impresario. Newman had formal training in New York, and after moving to Los Angeles, he continued his studies with Joseph Achron and Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco.

In the 1930s, Newman earned his stripes conducting national tours and working as the piano accompanist for Mae West. She used to scold him for holding his hands too high in the pit saying, "I'm the show, Newman, not you."

At the age of 18, he obtained a job playing piano on the Holland America ocean liner, the S.S.Rotterdam, with his "Newman's Society Orchestra". This trip had great significance for him, as he had always wanted to make another such trip to find his mother's home.

Career at 20th Century Fox[edit]

After serving an apprenticeship conducting and orchestrating live shows, Newman joined 20th Century Fox as a rehearsal pianist under the guidance of his brother, Alfred Newman, and by 1959, he had been promoted to Musical Director for Television there. This opened the doors to feature films. He was soon made vice president in charge of music for both television and features. This soon resulted in a promotion to senior vice president of all music for Twentieth Century Fox Films. He wrote several classic TV themes for Fox, including The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, Adventures in Paradise, and Daniel Boone.

Lionel Newman's tenure with Twentieth Century Fox spanned 46 years with over 200 films to his credit, including How to Marry a Millionaire, North To Alaska, The Proud Ones, Road House, and Love Me Tender (Elvis Presley's first picture). He was musical director for all of Marilyn Monroe's films at Fox, in accordance with her request, including Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, There's No Business Like Show Business, River of No Return, and Let's Make Love, with the exception of Bus Stop which was directed and conducted by his brother, Alfred Newman and There's No Business Like Show Business which was co-directed and co-conducted by Alfred Newman.

Awards and nominations[edit]

He received eleven Academy Award nominations, and won an Oscar for Hello Dolly! with Lennie Hayton in 1969. He conducted the scores for Cleopatra, The Sand Pebbles, The Agony and the Ecstasy, The Long Hot Summer, The Young Lions, Alien, and The Omen. He was the musical supervisor for Star Wars, The Empire Strikes Back, Return of the Jedi, Monsignor, and The Fury. Although he did not consider himself a songwriter, he received a certificate of merit from Broadcast Music Incorporated (BMI) for over one million network performances of his 1948 hit, "Again", a pop standard that lived on long after its introduction in the film Road House.

Work with other composers[edit]

Newman's wit and humor were famous around the film capital. Frank Sinatra, in his biography, called Newman one of the funniest men in Hollywood. Jerry Goldsmith recalls in his biography how Newman used to call him "Gorgeous". Goldsmith also recounts that Newman nicknamed John Williams "Little Dimitri", after Dimitri Tiomkin.

Newman absolutely loved the film industry. In the world of film music, he worked very hard and rose to become one of its giants. He was a perfectionist, always making "just one more take" if some little detail could be improved. He wanted the Twentieth Century Fox Orchestra to reach the level of a great symphony orchestra, and it did, especially when he conducted. He was instrumental in the careers of John Williams, Jerry Goldsmith, Dominic Frontiere, Pat Williams, and many more.

Personal life[edit]

Newman was married to Beverly Carroll, who died October 21, 2010, and with whom he had three daughters. Carroll Newman, producer, is married to actor/writer Gary Frank and they have one daughter Jessica Marli Frank, who is Executive Director, Digital Marketing at Lions Gate Films; Deborah Newman Sharpe, VP, Sharpe and Associates, is married to Robert Sharpe, Owner, Sharpe and Associates located in Tucson, AZ They have three children; Sarah Newman (Independent Casting Director), Jennifer Newman Sharpe, Esq. (Law Offices of Jennifer Newman Sharpe NYC), Jeremy Sharpe, Community Liaison Rancho Sahuarita, AZ; and Jenifer Newman, a former professional ballet dancer and current Core Fusion teacher/National Trainer with Exhale Spa. She has one son, Joey Newman, a film and television composer/conductor married to Jerelyn Newman with three daughters, Ella, Ava and Leah.

Later life[edit]

During the last few years of his tenure at Fox, Newman conducted major symphony orchestras in the United States, Canada, the UK, and New Zealand. Newman retired in 1985 and died on February 3, 1989 from cardiac arrest.[1]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Director(s) Studio(s) Notes
1943 He Hired the Boss Thomas Z. Loring 20th Century Fox uncredited
1950 The Jackpot Walter Lang 20th Century Fox N/A
1953 The Silver Whip Harmon Jones 20th Century Fox uncredited
Powder River Louis King 20th Century Fox N/A
Gentlemen Prefer Blondes Howard Hawks 20th Century Fox uncredited
1954 Siege at Red River Rudolph Maté 20th Century Fox N/A
Princess of the Nile Harmon Jones 20th Century Fox uncredited
The Gambler from Natchez Henry Levin 20th Century Fox N/A
There's No Business Like Show Business Walter Lang 20th Century Fox uncredited
1956 The Killer Is Loose Budd Boetticher United Artists N/A
The Proud Ones Robert D. Webb 20th Century Fox N/A
A Kiss Before Dying Gerd Oswald United Artists N/A
The Last Wagon Delmer Daves 20th Century Fox N/A
Love Me Tender Robert D. Webb 20th Century Fox N/A
The Girl Can't Help It Frank Tashlin 20th Century Fox uncredited
1957 The Way to the Gold Robert D. Webb 20th Century Fox N/A
Bernardine Henry Levin 20th Century Fox N/A
Kiss Them for Me Stanley Donen 20th Century Fox N/A
1958 Sing, Boy, Sing Henry Ephron 20th Century Fox N/A
The Bravados Henry King 20th Century Fox N/A
Mardi Gras Edmund Goulding 20th Century Fox uncredited
1959 Compulsion Richard Fleischer 20th Century Fox N/A
Say One for Me Frank Tashlin 20th Century Fox uncredited
1960 Let's Make Love George Cukor 20th Century Fox N/A
North to Alaska Henry Hathaway 20th Century Fox N/A
1963 Move Over, Darling Michael Gordon 20th Century Fox N/A
1964 The Pleasure Seekers Jean Negulesco 20th Century Fox N/A
1965 Do Not Disturb Ralph Levy
George Marshall
20th Century Fox N/A
1967 The St. Valentine's Day Massacre Roger Corman 20th Century Fox uncredited
1968 The Boston Strangler Richard Fleischer 20th Century Fox N/A

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Result Category Film Other notes
1939 Academy Award Nominated Best Music, Original Song The Cowboy and the Lady Shared with Arthur Quenzer; for the song "The Cowboy and the Lady"
1951 Nominated Best Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture I'll Get By
-
1952 Nominated Best Music, Original Song Golden Girl Shared with Eliot Daniel; for the song "Never"
1955 Nominated Best Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture There's No Business Like Show Business Shared with Alfred Newman
1957 Nominated Best Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture The Best Things in Life Are Free
-
1959 Nominated Best Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture Mardi Gras
-
1960 Nominated Best Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture Say One for Me
-
1961 Nominated Best Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture Let's Make Love Shared with Earle Hagen
1966 Nominated Best Music, Scoring of Music, Adaptation or Treatment The Pleasure Seekers Shared with Alexander Courage
1968 Nominated Best Music, Scoring of Music, Adaptation or Treatment Doctor Dolittle Shared with Alexander Courage
1969 Won Best Music, Score of a Musical Picture (Original or Adaptation) Hello, Dolly! Shared with Lennie Hayton
1958 Laurel Awards Nominated Top Music Director April Love Place 4th

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Lionel Newman Biography (1916-1989)". filmreference.com. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 

External links[edit]