||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2013)|
Lionel Richie in France in 2012
|Birth name||Lionel Brockman Richie, Jr.|
June 20, 1949 |
Tuskegee, Alabama, U.S.
|Genres||Soul, R&B, pop, pop rock, soft rock, country, gospel|
|Occupation(s)||Singer, songwriter, instrumentalist, record producer, actor|
|Instruments||Vocals, piano, keyboards, saxophone, drums|
|Labels||Island, Mercury, Motown|
Lionel Brockman Richie, Jr. (born June 20, 1949) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, record producer and actor. Beginning in 1968, he was a member of the musical group Commodores signed to Motown Records. Richie made his solo debut in 1982 with the album Lionel Richie and the number-one hit "Truly". He has sold more than 100 million records worldwide, making him one of the world's best-selling artists of all time.
Lionel Brockman Richie, Jr. was born and raised in Tuskegee, Alabama, the son of Alberta R. (Foster) and Lionel Brockman Richie. He grew up on the campus of Tuskegee Institute. His grandfather's house was across the street from the home of the president of the college. His family moved to Joliet, Illinois, where his mother Alberta was principal at Eliza Kelly Elementary school and his father worked at Armcom through the now defunct Joliet Army Ammunition Plant.
Richie graduated from Joliet Township High School, East Campus. A star tennis player in Joliet, he accepted a tennis scholarship to attend Tuskegee Institute, and dropped out of Tuskegee Institute after his sophomore year. Richie seriously considered studying divinity to becoming a priest with the Episcopal Church, but ultimately decided he was not "priest material" and decided to continue his musical career. He is a member of Kappa Kappa Psi and an active life member of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity.
As a student in Tuskegee, Richie formed a succession of R&B groups in the mid-1960s. In 1968 he became a singer and saxophonist with the Commodores. They signed a recording contract with Atlantic Records in 1968 for one record before moving on to Motown Records initially as a support act to The Jackson 5. The Commodores then became established as a popular soul group. Their first several albums had a danceable, funky sound, as in such tracks as "Machine Gun" and "Brick House." Over time, Richie wrote and sang more romantic, easy-listening ballads such as "Easy", "Three Times a Lady", "Still", and the tragic breakup ballad "Sail On".
By the late 1970s he had begun to accept songwriting commissions from other artists. He composed "Lady" for Kenny Rogers, which hit #1 in 1980, and produced Rogers's album Share Your Love the following year. Richie and Rogers maintained a strong friendship in later years. Latin jazz composer and salsa romantica pioneer La Palabra enjoyed international success with his cover of "Lady," which was played at Latin dance clubs. Also in 1981 Richie sang the theme song for the film Endless Love, a duet with Diana Ross. Issued as a single, the song topped the UK, Canada, Brazil, Australia, Japan, New Zealand and US pop music charts, and became one of Motown's biggest hits (in the US it sold 2 million copies and became a platinum single record). Its success encouraged Richie to branch out into a full-fledged solo career in 1982. He was replaced as lead singer for The Commodores by Skyler Jett in 1983. His debut album, Lionel Richie, produced another chart-topping single, "Truly", which continued the style of his ballads with the Commodores.
Richie's 1982 self-titled debut contained three hit singles: the U.S. #1 song "Truly", which launched his career as one of the most successful balladeers of the 1980s, and the top five hits "You Are" and "My Love". The album hit #3 on the music charts and sold over 4 million copies. His 1983 follow-up album, Can't Slow Down, sold over twice as many copies and won two Grammy Awards, including Album of the Year, propelling him into the first rank of international superstars. The album contained the #1 hit "All Night Long" a Caribbean-flavored dance number that was promoted by a colorful music video produced by former Monkee Michael Nesmith. In 1984, Richie performed "All Night Long" at the closing ceremony of the XXIII Olympic Games in Los Angeles.
Several more Top 10 hits followed, the most successful of which was the ballad "Hello" (1984), a sentimental love song that showed how far Richie had moved from his R&B roots. Richie had three more top ten hits in 1984, "Stuck on You" (#3), "Running with the Night" (#7) and "Penny Lover" (#8). In 1985, Richie wrote and performed "Say You, Say Me" for the film White Nights. The song won an Oscar for his efforts and reached #1 on the U.S. charts, staying there for four weeks, making it the #2 song of 1986 according to Billboard's Year-End Hot 100 chart, behind the charity single "That's What Friends Are For" by Dionne and Friends. He also collaborated with Michael Jackson on the charity single "We Are the World" by USA for Africa, another #1 hit.
In 1986, Richie released Dancing on the Ceiling, his last widely popular album, which produced a run of US and UK hits including "Say You, Say Me" (U.S. #1), "Dancing on the Ceiling" (U.S. #2), "Ballerina Girl" (U.S. #7), and "Se La" (U.S. #20), Richie's most recent U.S. Pop Top 20 hit. By 1987, Richie was exhausted from his work schedule and took time away from his career to take care of his father in Alabama. His father, Lionel Sr., died in 1990. Richie made his return to recording and performing following the release of his first greatest-hits collection, Back to Front, in 1992.
Since then, his ever-more-relaxed schedule has kept his recording and live work to a minimum. He broke the silence in 1996 with Louder Than Words, on which he resisted any change of style or the musical fashion-hopping of the past decade, sticking instead with his chosen path of well-crafted soul music, which in the intervening years has become known as contemporary R&B.
Richie's albums in the 1990s such as Louder Than Words and Time failed to match the commercial success of his earlier work. Some of his recent albums, such as Renaissance, have returned to his older style and achieved success in Europe but only modest notice in the United States. Since 2004, he has produced a total of six Top 40 singles in the UK.
In November 2005, Richie performed with Knowless Butera, a Rwandan artist on a CMT Crossroads special. The show gave an informative insight into their friendship both in and out of the music world. Richie was also the headliner at a 2000 Fourth of July tribute concert with Fantasia Barrino at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. On May 7, 2006, Richie performed on the main stage (Acura Stage) at the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival, replacing Antoine "Fats" Domino, who had fallen ill. Richie released his eighth studio album entitled "Coming Home" on September 12, 2006. The first single of the album was "I Call It Love" and was premiered in July 2006, becoming his biggest hit in the U.S. in ten years. The album was a big success for Richie in the United States, peaking at #6.
On May 2, 2008, Richie was the 21st recipient of the George and Ira Gershwin Lifetime Achievement Award at UCLA's annual Spring Sing. In accepting the award, Richie said: "Forget about surviving 30 some odd years in the music business, Lionel Richie survived 27 years of Nicole Richie."
In May 2009, he announced that he would like to get The Commodores back together soon, "or in the next 10 years no one will care."
A new album, Just Go, was released in 2009.
On July 7, 2009, Richie performed "Jesus is Love" at Michael Jackson's memorial service.
Richie returned to Australia in 2011 where he and guest artist Guy Sebastian toured the country and New Zealand with concert dates throughout March and April. Richie and Guy Sebastian have recorded Richie's 1983 #1 single "All Night Long" together, to raise money for Australian floods and New Zealand earthquake relief. Richie handpicked Sebastian to support him in Australia and the pair will perform the song together at each concert.
On March 26, 2012, Richie released his tenth studio album, Tuskegee. It features 13 of his hit songs performed as duets with country stars including Sugarland's Jennifer Nettles, Jason Aldean, Tim McGraw, Blake Shelton, Darius Rucker, Rascal Flatts, Kenny Chesney, Billy Currington, Little Big Town, Shania Twain, Kenny Rogers, Willie Nelson and Jimmy Buffett. In an interview with American Songwriter magazine, Lionel Richie stated "I'm just gonna stand next to them again with great country artists and hug them." After years of mediocre sales in the U.S., the album returned him to the top of the Billboard 200 chart, his first number one album there for more than 25 years, and achieved Platinum status within six weeks of release.
On June 7, 2013, Richie announced on NBC's The Today Show that he will launch "All the Hits All Night Long", his first North American tour in over a decade. The tour commenced on September 18 in Hollywood, Florida, and will end on October 18 in Los Angeles, California. Also in June 2013, Richie appeared in a television commercial for the Lion Nathan alcohol company to promote the "Tap King" draught beer product. Richie reportedly received A$$1.5 million to appear in the promotional campaign that depicts the musician singing "Hello" at a piano, while the device rests on top of the instrument.
On June 28, 2015, Richie played to an appreciative 100,000 - 120,000 audience at the Glastonbury Festival, England.
Popularity in the Arab world
In recent years, Richie has become a phenomenon in various Arab states, and has performed in Morocco, Dubai, Qatar and Libya. John Berman for ABC News reported in 2006 that "Grown Iraqi men get misty-eyed by the mere mention of his name. 'I love Lionel Richie,' they say. They can sing an entire Lionel Richie song." Berman wrote that Richie said he was told that Iraqi civilians were playing "All Night Long" the night U.S. tanks invaded Baghdad. Richie was against the war, but says he could see a day when he would come and perform in Baghdad. "I would love to be here for that."
On October 18, 1975, Richie married his college sweetheart, Brenda Harvey. In 1983 the couple informally adopted Nicole Camille Escovedo, the two-year-old daughter of one of the members of Lionel's band. They raised her as their daughter, Nicole Richie, and adopted her legally when she was nine years old.
In 1986, while still married to Harvey, Lionel began a relationship with Diane Alexander. He would later separate from Harvey and, in 1988, she allegedly discovered Richie and Alexander together in a Beverly Hills hotel room by saying she was "room service" and breaking in the door. A confrontation ensued and Harvey attacked both Richie and Alexander brutally. Harvey was arrested for spousal abuse, trespassing, assault towards Alexander, and vandalism. Richie and Harvey divorced on August 9, 1993, after being married nearly 18 years. Richie married Diane Alexander on December 21, 1995. They have a son, Miles Brockman (born May 27, 1994), and a daughter, Sofia (born August 24, 1998). Richie and Alexander divorced in January 2004.
Richie became a grandfather on January 11, 2008, when Nicole Richie gave birth to a baby girl, Harlow Winter Kate Richie Madden, with the lead singer of Good Charlotte, Joel Madden. Richie's second grandchild, Sparrow James Midnight Madden, was born to the couple on September 9, 2009.
On March 4, 2011, Richie appeared on NBC's Who Do You Think You Are?. The program did research into Lionel Richie's genealogy and found out that his great-grandfather (the father of his mother's mother) was the national leader of an early African-American fraternal organization.
Breast cancer activist
Richie helped to raise over $3.1 million for the Breast Cancer Research Foundation. He was the featured performer at the Foundation's Soirée Bouquet, the annual spring gala, in 2003.
Richie told the crowd that his grandmother was diagnosed with breast cancer in her 80s, but survived and lived until she was 103 years old. He stated that she was his enduring symbol of hope and his reason for becoming a breast cancer activist.
- Lionel Richie (1982)
- Can't Slow Down (1983)
- Dancing on the Ceiling (1986)
- Back to Front (1992) (Compilation album with three new songs)
- Louder Than Words (1996)
- Time (1998)
- Renaissance (2000)
- Just for You (2004)
- Coming Home (2006)
- Just Go (2009)
- Tuskegee (2012)
- 1977: Scott Joplin (w/ The Commodores)
- 1978: Thank God It's Friday (w/ The Commodores)
- 1990: Running with the Night
- 1991: Truth or Dare (documentary)
- 1996: The Preacher's Wife
- 1998: Pariah
- 2007: The Simpsons (episode He Loves to Fly and He D'ohs)
- 2011: Who Do You Think You Are?
- 2011: Lionel Richie: Dancing On the Ceiling (Part of the BBC Four documentary series, Black Music Legends of the 1980s)
Awards and Honors
Richie has won four Grammy Awards including Song of the Year in 1985 for "We Are the World" which he co-wrote with Michael Jackson, Album of the Year in 1984 for Can't Slow Down, Producer of the Year (Non-Classical) in 1984 and Best Male Pop Vocal Performance for Truly in 1982.
Richie has been nominated for two Golden Globe awards and won one. In 1982 he was nominated for Best Original Song for the film Endless Love. In 1986 he was nominated and won the award for Best Original Song for the film White Nights. This song also won the Oscar for Best Original Song.
References and notes
- "Monitor". Entertainment Weekly (1212). June 22, 2012. p. 24.
- Sherwin, Adam (May 27, 2013). "Lionel Richie hits big time again… as an Iraq 'n' roll star". The Independent. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Stated on Who Do You Think You Are?, March 4, 2011
- Huey, Steve. "Lionel Richie Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
- Fussman, Cal (March 22, 2012). "Lionel Richie: What I've Learned". Esquire. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
- "Prominent Members of Kappa Kappa Psi". Kkpsi.org. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- "Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity". Psuchronicles.com. October 5, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- IMDb Biography - Lionel Richie , retrieved July 26, 2007~~~~
- "Richie accepts Gershwin Award". Newsroom.ucla.edu. May 2, 2008. Retrieved May 24, 2011.
- Graff, Gary (May 18, 2009). "Lionel Richie Ready to Go With Albums, Tour, Commodores Reunion". Billboard. Retrieved August 24, 2009.
- "Lionel Richie to play GF replay". September 29, 2010.
- Paul Cashmere, "Lionel Richie and Guy Sebastian To Play A Day On The Green", Undercover, December 5, 2010. Retrieved December 5, 2010
- Cameron Adams, ."Lionel Richie and Guy Sebastian have teamed up to record a charity single for earthquake relief", Daily Telegraph, Sydney, February 26, 2011.
- Paul Cashmere, "Guy Sebastian and Lionel Richie work All Night Long for flood relief". Undercover, February 24, 2011. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
- Melissa Coker, "Lionel Richie's Countrified 'Tuskegee' Comes to Stores Today - Slew of TV Spots Join In Celebrating Its Songs". Angry Country, March 26, 2012. Retrieved April 11, 2012
- Evan Schlansky (March 23, 2012). "Reinventing Lionel Richie". American Songwriter. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- "Lionel Richie Announces 2013 North American Tour". ConcertBoom. Retrieved June 14, 2013.
- Duff, Eamonn (June 27, 2013). "Lionel Richie's cash splash in beer commercial". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- "Lionel Richie: The Key to Peace in the Middle East". NPR. December 4, 2006. Retrieved June 12, 2007.
- "Richie Beloved in Iraq". June 2, 2006.
- John Berman. "Baghdad's Lionel Richie Obsession". ABC News. Retrieved June 12, 2007.
- Spelling of name found on the California Birth Index 1905–1995, under RICHIE, MILES BROCKMAN, on May 27, 1994 in Los Angeles County.
- Jessica Herndon (September 13, 2009). "Lionel Richie: 'Sparrow Looks Just Like Harlow'". People. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
- Running Time: 42:56. "Who Do You Think You Are – Episode Guide – Lionel Richie". NBC.com. Retrieved May 24, 2011.
- "Lionel Richie Charity Work". Looktothestars.org. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- "Lionel Richie : Grammy Awards". Grammy Awards. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- "Lionel Richie : Golden Globe Awards". Golden Globes. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- Lionel Richie at the Internet Movie Database
- "Lionel Richie: Three Times a Superstar" (interview by Pete Lewis), Blues & Soul, issue 1071, 03/09
- John Berman, "Baghdad's Lionel Richie Obsession", ABC News, May 19, 2006.
- NPR profile
- Listen to Lionel Richie talk to David Jensen on UK radio station, Capital Gold (October 2006)
- The Rude Awakening – Lionel Richie in Stuido (sic) on YouTube
- Lionel Richie Interview in SPIN's February Issue
- Lionel Richie Interview – Celebrity Scribe