Rosenblatt in Cambodia, 1998
|Occupation||Diplomat, refugee advocate|
Lionel Alexander Rosenblatt (born December 10, 1943) is a former American diplomat, Refugee Coordinator at the United States Embassy in Thailand, and President of Refugees International, an advocacy organization for refugees. Rosenblatt was one of the foremost advocates for resettling Indochinese refugees in the United States during the 1970s and 1980s.
Rosenblatt was the son of David B. and Carol Blumenthal Rosenblatt. His father was a nuclear scientist who worked at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Rosenblatt graduated from Harvard College and attended Stanford Law School for a year before joining the Foreign Service of the Department of State. In the 1960s and early 1970s he was stationed in Vietnam, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. He married Ann Grosvenor in April 1971.
Fall of Saigon
In early 1975, Rosenblatt was one of a small group of officers at the State Department who pushed for the evacuation of significant numbers of Vietnamese associated with the U.S. war effort in South Vietnam. With the North Vietnamese army advancing to capture Saigon, Rosenblatt and fellow diplomat L. Craig Johnstone were concerned about the slow place of evacuating Vietnamese who had worked for or with the United States in South Vietnam. In April, defying State Department orders, they flew to Saigon and arranged for the evacuation of 200 Vietnamese friends and colleagues.
Returning to Washington, Rosenblatt and Johnstone were called to the office of Secretary of State Henry Kissinger who sternly rebuked them for their unauthorized visit to Saigon, then smiled, shook their hands, and offered them their choice of jobs in the Department of State. Rosenblatt chose to continue working with refugees.
From 1976 to 1981, Rosenblatt spent most of his time in Bangkok, Thailand as the Refugee Coordinator of the U.S. Embassy. Working under the leadership of Shepard C. Lowman at the State Department, Rosenblatt presided over a large organization that processed hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese, Laotian, and Cambodian refugees for entry into the United States and protected and provided aid to hundreds of thousands more who resided in refugee camps scattered all over Southeast Asia. He retired early from the Foreign Service in 1988.
In 1990, Rosenblatt became President of Refugees International, a Washington-based advocacy organization, and served in that position until 2001. With colleagues such as Yvette Pierpaoli, he traveled to humanitarian crisis areas worldwide, advocating assistance to refugees and durable solutions to humanitarian problems. Pierpaoli was killed on a Refugees International mission in Albania in 1999.
Awards and honors
In 1981, Rosenblatt received the Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the White Elephant from the Royal Government of Thailand for his refugee work.
The 1990 made-for-television movie, "Last Flight Out" had a character named "Larry Rose" based on Rosenblatt. The movie dramatized Rosenblatt's visit to Saigon in April 1975.
In 2010, Rosenblatt was declared an Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters by Concordia University. The award recognized his work with the indigenous people of Southeastern Asia, especially Hmong refugees in Thailand.
- Rosenblatt, Lionel A. and Thompson Larry (1995), "Humanitarian Emergencies: Ten Steps to Save Lives and Resources," SAIS Review, Vol. 15, No. 2, p. 91-109.
- Rosenblatt, Lionel and Thompson, Larry (1998), "The Door of Opportunity: Creating a Permanent Peacekeeping Force," World Policy Journal, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 36–42.
- "Carol Blumenthal Rosenblatt", accessed February 3, 2017
- Ridder, Marie, "Inside Indochina, Helping Out", The Washington Post, January 21, 1979.
- David B. and Carol Blumenthal Rosenblatt,: http://www.tachna.com/tachna_familygroup/f591.html
- Borg, Parker W. (2015), "Mobilizing for South Vietnam's Last Days" Foreign Service Journal,, April 15, 2015
- Thompson, Larry Clinton (2010), Refugee Workers in the Indochina Exodus, 1975-1982, Jefferson, NC: MacFarland & Co., Inc., pp. 16-19
- Ridder, Washington Post.
- "Vietnamese Americans mourn loss of Shepard Lowman", http://aapress.com/ethnicity/vietnamese/vietnamese-americans-mourn-loss-of-shepard-lowman/, accessed 8 Feb 2017
- Thompson, pp. 238-239
- "Source Watch", http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Lionel_Rosenblatt, accessed 6 Feb 2017; Thompson, pp. 238-239
- Refugees International (19 April 1999). "Refugees International Representatives Confirmed Dead". Refugees International. US. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
- :Anderson, Scott (1999), The Man who Tried to Save the World, New York: Doubleday, pp. 235-241
- "William R. Rivkin Award", http://www.afsa.org/previous-recipients, accessed 6 Feb 2017
- State, Department of State, https://books.google.com/books?id=azCPAAAAMAAJ, accessed 10 Feb 2017
- "Sabbatical Leave Fellowships", http://www.uccoxfoundation.org/sabbatical_leave.html, accessed 3 Feb 2017
- "Last Flight Out", https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0099983/fullcredits?ref_=tt_ov_st_sm, accessed 6 Feb 2017
- "President's Corner: Linel Rosenblatt Honored with the Julia Taft Award", http://www.huffingtonpost.com/wires/2009/07/08/presidents-corner-lionel-_ws_228021.html, accessed 6 Feb 2017
- http://readme.readmedia.com/Concordia-University-St-Paul-Commencement-Ceremonies-Honors-Lionel-Rosenblatt-of-Washington-D-C/1241138, accessed 3 Feb 2016