Lionel Simeon Marks

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Lionel Simeon Marks
Born 8 September 1871
Birmingham, England
Died 6 January 1955 (aged 84)
Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Nationality British
Known for Marks' Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers

Lionel Simeon Marks (8 September 1871 – 6 January 1955)[1] was a British engineer and one of the pioneers of aeronautics. He was born and mostly educated in England, but in 1892 moved to the United States. During World War II he was a chief consulting engineer to the US Bureau of Aircraft Production. His Marks' Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers is considered as classical reference work.[2][3]


Marks was born in Birmingham, England, where he graduated from Mason Science College (which later became the University of Birmingham) in 1892 with a bachelor of science degree.[4] He received a fellowship to study at the Cornell University, New York, United States.[3] In 1894, he became professor of mechanical engineering at Harvard University and retired in 1940.[2] In the early 1900s he was also professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[5]

On 21 June 1906 he married Josephine Preston Peabody, an American poet and dramatist. They had a daughter, Alison Peabody Marks (30 July 1908 – 7 April 2008), and a son, Lionel Peabody Marks (b. 10 February 1910).[6]

Marks died of a heart attack in Providence, Rhode Island, aged 83.[2]


His most famous work is Marks' Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers, which was first published in 1916 as Mechanical Engineer's Handbook and contained 1836 pages.[7] Its latest edition (11th, 2006) was compiled by 160 authors and comprised 1800 pages .[8]

His other books include


  1. ^ Lionel Simon Marks.
  2. ^ a b c Professor Marks Has Fatal Attack. (7 January 1955 )
  3. ^ a b Davis Established Scholarship Aid To Honor Marks. (10 January 1955 )
  4. ^ "University of London General Register part 3" (PDF). University of London. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "Harvard Professors at MIT", Harvard Alumni Bulletin, Volume 17, n.5, Harvard Alumni Association, Associated Harvard Clubs, 28 October 1914.
  6. ^ Woman's who's who of America, 1914–15. p. 540.
  7. ^ Mechanical engineers' handbook.
  8. ^ Eugene A. Avallone; Theodore Baumeister; Ali Sadegh (16 November 2006). Marks' Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-142867-5. 

External links[edit]