Lionel Tiger

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Lionel Tiger (born February 5, 1937 in Montreal, Quebec) is a Canadian-born, American-based anthropologist. He is the Charles Darwin Professor of Anthropology at Rutgers University and co-Research Director of the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation. He is a graduate of McGill University, and the London School of Economics at the University of London, England. He is also a consultant to the U.S. Department of Defense on the future of biotechnology.

Some of Tiger's works have included controversial concepts, including the biological origins of social interactions. Tiger published a work, The Imperial Animal, with Robin Fox in 1972, that advocated a 'social carnivore theory' of human evolution.[1]

Tiger has predicted the higher status of women within society, in books such as The Decline of Males and Men in Groups. He has also written books such as The Pursuit of Pleasure, which discussed the concept that evolution has established the biological mechanisms of pleasure and that they have survival origins.

The first widely noticed use of the term 'male bonding' was in Tiger's book Men in Groups (1969; 2004).

Lionel Tiger lives in New York City, and regularly contributes to mainstream media such as Psychology Today and The New York Times.


  • Tiger, Lionel (1969). Men in Groups. Nelson. ISBN 978-0-17-138007-1.
  • Tiger, Lionel; Fox, Robin (1971). The Imperial Animal. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. ISBN 978-0-03-086582-4.
  • Tiger, Lionel; Shepher, Joseph (1975). Women in the Kibbutz. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. ISBN 978-0-15-198365-0.
  • Tiger, Lionel (1979). Optimism: The Biology of Hope. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-22934-4.
  • Tiger, Lionel (1987). The Manufacture of Evil: Ethics, Evolution and the Industrial System. Harper Collins. ISBN 978-0-06-039070-9.
  • Tiger, Lionel (1992). The Pursuit of Pleasure. ISBN 978-0-7658-0696-3.
  • Tiger, Lionel (1999). The Decline of Males. Golden Books. ISBN 978-0-312-26311-9.
  • Tiger, Lionel; McGuire, Michael T. (2010). God's Brain. Prometheus Books. ISBN 978-1-61614-164-6.


  1. ^ Wilson, Edward O. (2000) [1975]. "2. Elementary concepts of Sociobiology". Sociobiology: The New Synthesis. Part 1 (25 ed.). Harvard University Press. pp. Reasoning in Sociobiology, p.27–30. ISBN 978-0-674-00089-6.

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