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Municipality and town
Липљан (Lipljan)
Lipjan (Lipjani)
Lipljan is located in Kosovo
Location in Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°32′N 21°06′E / 42.533°N 21.100°E / 42.533; 21.100
Country Kosovo[a]
District District of Pristina
 • Mayor Imri Ahmeti LDK
 • Total 338 km2 (131 sq mi)
Elevation 563 m (1,847 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 58,373
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 14000
Area code(s) +381 38
Car plates 01

Lipjan (in Albanian) or Lipljan (in Serbian; Липљан) is a city and municipality in the District of Pristina of central Kosovo.[a]


The name of the town, Lipljan, is derived from the ancient Roman toponym Ulpiana modified by association with the Serbo-Croatian lipa "linden tree".[1] The name lipa is often used in South Slavic toponyms.[1] The Roman city of Ulpiana was located near Lipljan and it was named in honor of the Roman Emperor Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus. The neo-Latin form Lypenion for the city occurs for the first time in a Greek text from 1018 AD.



Roman period[edit]

Main article: Ulpiana

Ulpiana played an important role in the development of the most important cities in the Roman province of Dardania.

Middle Ages[edit]

The Gračanica monastery was built in 1321, on the ruins of two older churches.


Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs
Year/Population Albanians  % Serbs  % Croats  % Others  % Total
1961 census 24,433 60.98 10,902 27.21 3,304 8.25 1,431 3.57 40,070
1991 census 53,730 77.36 9,713 13.99 2,914 4.20 3,094 4.45 69,451
January 1999 (OSCE est.) 62,706 81.3 9,985 13.0 N/A N/A 5,834 7.6 77,087
2000 (OSCE est.) 63,478 83.3 9,300 12.2 363 0.5 1,890 2.6 76,143


The municipality is predominantly agriculture-oriented. After the 1999 conflict, most of the businesses are no longer operational. Many shops and restaurants have opened in the town, but approximately 50% of the population remains unemployed.[when?]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]


  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognised as an independent state by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.


  1. ^ a b Skok, Petar (1988) [1971]. Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian) 2. Zagreb: Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti. pp. 305–306. ISBN 86-407-0064-8. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°31′48″N 21°08′19″E / 42.53000°N 21.13861°E / 42.53000; 21.13861

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