Lippendorf

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lippendorf
Village
Entrance to Lippendorf village with power plant
Entrance to Lippendorf village with power plant
Country Germany
State Saxony
Municipality Neukieritzsch
Incorporation January 1, 1973
Elevation 142 m (466 ft)
Lippendorf Kraftwerk
Lippendorf Kraftwerk.jpg
Lippendorf new power station
Lippendorf is located in Germany
Lippendorf
Location of Lippendorf Kraftwerk in Germany
Country Germany
Location Lippendorf, Neukieritzsch, Saxony
Coordinates 51°11′07″N 12°22′40″E / 51.18528°N 12.37778°E / 51.18528; 12.37778Coordinates: 51°11′07″N 12°22′40″E / 51.18528°N 12.37778°E / 51.18528; 12.37778

Lippendorf is located in the municipality of Neukieritzsch, near Leipzig in Saxony, Germany. The present town of Lippendorf used to be known as the village of Medewitzsch. In 1934, the towns of Medewitzsch, Lippendorf and Spahnsdorf combined to form the new town of Lippendorf. North of town are Böhlen and Zwenkau, to the east is Rotha, to the south is Neukieritzsch and to the west is Russen-Kleinstorkwitz[1]

The first record of the village of Lippendorf was in 1378. The character of the place was rural for a long time. Only from the 1920s did the then village develop into an industrial centre, mainly due to the lignite, also called brown coal, formed from naturally compressed peat, found in the area. The first lignite mine in the area was opened in 1924. Böhlen mining started near the north west of the town. The first power station was built in 1925. During World War II bomb attacks on the power station in 1944 and 1945 destroyed parts of the village. In the mid-1960s a second power station was built in the municipality of Spahnsdorf and parts of Lippendorf. The current town was incorporated on 1 January 1973.[2] In 1997 a new lignite-fired power station, the Lippendorf Power Station, was built and the old one was shut down.[3][4][5]

The town is not far from the rivers of the White Elster and Pleiße. It is also near the Leipzig Bay and includes parts of the conservation area Elsteraue. The nearest large settlements are the city of Leipzig and town of Borna.

Historic Bell tower belfry, recovered from a war-ravaged church
Katharina von Bora, 1526, by Lucas Cranach the Elder, born in Lippendorf in January 29, 1499

Sights[edit]

  • Information Centre in the power plant
  • Katharina Luther (Katharina von Bora) Chapel with plaque, that commemorates Katharina von Bora's birthplace.
  • Martin Luther memorials in the main town and the village Neukieritzsch Kieritzsch.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Digital History Lippendorf
  2. ^ Digital History Medewitzsch January 1, 1973 Lippendorf
  3. ^ Jeffrey H. Michel (October 2000). "Eastern German improvements in air quality: win or draw?". Heuersdorf Online. Retrieved 2008-03-01. 
  4. ^ "Co-combustion in VE-G power plants" (PDF). Vattenfall. Retrieved 2008-03-01. 
  5. ^ "Lippendorf Lignite power plant, Germany". Power Technology. Retrieved 2008-03-01. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]