Jump to content

Lippia alba

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lippia alba
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Verbenaceae
Genus: Lippia
L. alba
Binomial name
Lippia alba
    • Camara alba (Mill.) Kuntze
    • Lantana alba Mill.
    • Lantana cuneatifolia Klotzsch ex Walp.
    • Lantana geminata (Kunth) Spreng.
    • Lantana lippioides Hook. & Arn. nom. illeg.
    • Lantana malabarica Hayek
    • Lantana mollissima Desf.
    • Lantana odorata (Pers.) Weigelt ex Cham. nom. illeg.
    • Lippia asperifolia Poepp. ex Cham.
    • Lippia carterae (Moldenke) G.L.Nesom
    • Lippia citrata Willd. ex Cham.
    • Lippia crenata Sessé & Moc.
    • Lippia geminata Kunth
    • Lippia globiflora (L'Hér.) Kuntze
    • Lippia havanensis Turcz.
    • Lippia lantanifolia F.Muell.
    • Lippia lantanoides (Lam.) Herter nom. illeg.
    • Lippia lantanoides J.M.Coult. nom. illeg.
    • Lippia obovata Sessé & Moc.
    • Lippia panamensis Turcz.
    • Lippia unica Ramakr.
    • Verbena globiflora L'Hér.
    • Verbena globulifera Spreng.
    • Verbena lantanoides (Lam.) Willd. ex Spreng.
    • Zappania geminata (Kunth) Gibert
    • Zappania globiflora (L'Hér.) Juss.
    • Zappania globiflora (L'Hér.) Willd.
    • Zappania lantanoides Lam.
    • Zappania odorata Pers.
Lippia alba leaf
Lippia alba leaf
Flowers and leaves

Lippia alba is a species of flowering plant in the verbena family, Verbenaceae, that is native to southern Texas in the United States,[3] Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, and South America.

In Ethiopia the plant is also known as Coseret (Amharic: ኮሰረት) and classified under herbal group. They use the plant leaf for preparing butter.

The species is also present in Australia and India, where it is probably a human introduction.[4] Common names include bushy matgrass,[1] bushy lippia, hierba negra,[3] juanilama, pamporegano, poleo and pitiona.[5] It is a multi-branched shrub, reaching a height of 1.5 m (4.9 ft). Leaves measure 1 to 3 cm (0.39 to 1.18 in) in length and 0.9 to 2 cm (0.35 to 0.79 in) in width and are opposite or in threes. Flowers with white, pink, or light blue-purple corollas form on spikes 2 cm (0.79 in) long.[6]


Bushy lippia is widely cultivated as an ornamental for its aromatic foliage and beautiful flowers.[3] The essential oil composition is unique to each plant, but may include piperitone, geranial, neral, caryophyllene, camphor, eucalyptol, limonene, carvone, germacrene, α-guaiene, β-ocimene, linalool, or myrcene.[6] The leaves are used for flavoring foods,[7] such as mole sauces from Oaxaca, Mexico.[8] The plant is used medicinally for its somatic, sedative, antidepressant, and analgesic properties.[9]


  1. ^ a b "Lippia alba". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
  2. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved February 8, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "Bushy Lippia, White-flowered Lippia, Hierba Negra, Hierba del Negro, Hierba Buena, Alfombirlla, Cidrilla, Oregano de Burro, Salva do Brasil, Salva Colorado, Te de Castilla, Toronjil de Espana Mirto, Juan slama, Salvia, Sonora, Mastranto, Te del Pais, Te de Maceta, Te del Pan Lippia alba (L. geminata)". Benny Simpson's Texas Native Shrubs. Texas A&M University. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
  4. ^ Munir, A.A. (1993b). A taxonomic revision of the genus Lippia [Houst. ex] L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. J Adelaide Bot Gard. 15(2): 129-145.
  5. ^ Allen, Gary (2007). The Herbalist in the Kitchen. University of Illinois Press. p. 423. ISBN 978-0-252-03162-5.
  6. ^ a b Tucker, Arthur O.; Thomas DeBaggio (2009). The Encyclopedia of Herbs: A Comprehensive Reference to Herbs of Flavor and Fragrance (2 ed.). Timber Press. pp. 298–299. ISBN 978-0-88192-994-2.
  7. ^ Duke, James A. (2008). Duke's Handbook of Medicinal Plants of Latin America. CRC Press. pp. 412–414. ISBN 978-1-4200-4316-7.
  8. ^ "La Pitiona". Pitiona. Archived from the original on 2012-06-18. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
  9. ^ "Lippia alba Prontoalivio, Erva cidreira, juanilama, Melissa" (Document). United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. January 2005.

External links[edit]

Media related to Lippia alba at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Lippia alba at Wikispecies