Lippia graveolens

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Lippia graveolens
Lippia graveolens, known as Mexican Oregano (11628265214).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Verbenaceae
Genus: Lippia
Species:
L. graveolens
Binomial name
Lippia graveolens
Synonyms

Lippia berlandieri Schauer[2]

Lippia graveolens, a species of flowering plant in the verbena or vervain family, Verbenaceae, is native to the southwestern United States (Texas and southern New Mexico), Mexico, and Central America as far south as Nicaragua.[1] Common names include: Mexican oregano, redbrush lippia, orégano cimarrón ('wild oregano'), scented lippia,[3] and scented matgrass.[4] The specific epithet is derived from two Latin words: gravis, meaning 'heavy', and oleo, meaning 'oil'.[5] It is a shrub or small tree, reaching 1–2.7 m (3.3–8.9 ft) in height.[2] Fragrant white or yellowish flowers can be found on the plant throughout the year, especially after rains.[3]

Uses[edit]

The essential oil of Lippia graveolens contains 0-81% thymol, 0-48% carvacrol, 3-30% para-cymene, and 0-15% eucalyptol. The first two components give the plant a flavor similar to oregano[2] (to which it is not closely related), and the leaves are widely used as an herb in Mexico and Central America.[6]

See also[edit]

  • Hedeoma patens, Spanish common name orégano chiquito ('small oregano'); native to the Mexican states of Chihuahua and Coahuila.
  • Coleus amboinicus, known as Cuban oregano, orégano poleo ('pennyroyal oregano'), orégano francés ('French oregano'), Mexican mint, Mexican thyme, and many other names. Common throughout the tropics, including Latin America, but probably of eastern-hemisphere origin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Lippia graveolens". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2010-01-22.
  2. ^ a b c Tucker, Arthur O.; DeBaggio, Thomas (2009). The Encyclopedia of Herbs: A Comprehensive Reference to Herbs of Flavor and Fragrance (2nd ed.). Timber Press. pp. 298–299. ISBN 978-0-88192-994-2 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ a b "Red-brush, Redbrush Lippia, Oregano Cimmaron, Scented Lippia, Hierba Dulce, Romerillo de Monte, Te de Pais, Tarbay Lippia graveolens (L. berlandier)". Benny Simpson's Texas Native Shrubs. Texas A&M University. Retrieved January 22, 2010.
  4. ^ "Lippia graveolens Kunth". ITIS Standard Reports. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved January 22, 2010.
  5. ^ Gledhill, D. (2008). The Names of Plants (4th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 184. ISBN 978-0-521-86645-3 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ Duke, James A. (2008). Duke's Handbook of Medicinal Plants of Latin America. CRC Press. pp. 414–415. ISBN 978-1-4200-4316-7 – via Google Books.