Liptov County

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Liptov County
Liptovská župa (Slovak)
Liptó Vármegye (Hungarian)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary and Czechoslovakia
15th century–1923

Coat of arms of Liptov

Coat of arms

Location of Liptov
Capital Litovský Svätý Mikuláš
49°5′N 19°37′E / 49.083°N 19.617°E / 49.083; 19.617Coordinates: 49°5′N 19°37′E / 49.083°N 19.617°E / 49.083; 19.617
History
 •  Established 15th century
 •  Abolished 1 January 1923
Area
 •  1910 2,246 km2 (867 sq mi)
Population
 •  1910 86,900 
Density 38.7 /km2  (100.2 /sq mi)
Today part of  Slovakia
Liptovský Mikuláš is the current name of the capital.

Liptov (Hungarian: Liptó, German: Liptau, Polish: Liptów, Latin: Liptovium) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary and later of Czechoslovakia. Its territory is now in northern Slovakia.

Geography[edit]

Liptov county shared borders with the Austrian land Galicia and the Hungarian counties Orava (Hu: Árva), Turiec (Hu: Turóc), Zvolen (Hu: Zólyom), Gemer-Malohont (Hu: Gömör-Kishont) and Spiš (Hu: Szepes). The county's territory was situated along the upper Váh river between the High Tatras and the Low Tatras. Its area was 2,247 km² around 1910.

Today, the territory of the former Liptov county largely corresponds to the Ružomberok District and Liptovský Mikuláš District in northern Slovakia. Three villages (Liptovská Teplička, Štrba and Štrbské Pleso) are now in the Poprad District.

Capitals[edit]

The capitals of the county were the Liptov Castle and the villages of Liptovská Mara and Nemecká Ľupča (Partizánska Ľupča), and since 1677 the capital was Liptovský Mikuláš.

History[edit]

Liptov county as a comitatus of the Kingdom of Hungary arose before the 15th century. At various points throughout history the county was ruled by Voivodes or Counts from the Rosenberg, Csak and Benyovszky families. In the aftermath of World War I, the area became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in the 1920 Treaty of Trianon.

Demographics[edit]

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 82,159 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).

In 1910, the county had a population of 86,906 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Liptov county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Liptószentmiklós Liptószentmiklós, SK Liptovský Mikuláš
Liptóújvár Liptóújvár, SK Liptovský Hrádok
Németlipcse Németlipcse, SK Nemecká Ľupča (currently Partizánska Ľupča)
Rózsahegy Rózsahegy, SK Ružomberok
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Rózsahegy, SK Ružomberok

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26.