Liptako

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Liptako is an historic region of West Africa. It today falls in eastern Burkina Faso, southwestern Niger and a small portion of southeast central Mali. A hilly region beginning on the right back of the Niger river, Liptako is usually associated with the Liptako Emirate, an early 19th-century Fulani Islamic state, founded by Brahima Saidu.[1][2] With the semi nomadic Fula, the main historic population of Liptako are the Gourmantche, a minority population in each of the three nations, as well as the Mossi and Songhai. The other common name for the region, Liptako-Gourma, is a reference to the Gourmantche people.

Modern Liptako, most of which falls in 10 to 19 provinces of Burkina Faso, along with Niger's Tera Department and Say Department, and small parts of Mali, is a hilly and in parts sparsely populated area. As elsewhere, the Fula population, known as the "Liptaako" or Liptako Fula, are historically supported by semi-nomadic cattle raising and trade.[3] Say, a nearby Niger River trade center, regionally dominant in the 19th century, relied in part on Fula trade routes through Liptako. In the late 20th century, gold and other minerals were discovered here,[4] leading to the 1970 creation of the Liptako-Gourma Authority: a regional zone focused on the promotion of the area's mineral, energy, hydraulic, and agricultural resources. The zone covered by the authority covers an area of 370,000 km², broader than the historic Liptako, including 19 provinces of Burkina Faso, 4 administrative regions of Mali, and two Regions and an urban community of Niger. Major towns in Liptako include Diagourou, Téra and Dori in Niger, and Koala and Aribinda in Burkina.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. F. Ade Ajayi, Unesco. International Scientific Committee for the Drafting of a General History of Africa (eds). Africa in the nineteenth century until the 1880s. UNESCO, University of California Press, (1998) ISBN 0-520-06701-0 pp. 269-71, 275, 276
  2. ^ The Liptako Fula. Jamtan, Fulfulde encyclopedia. Accessed 2009-05-20.
  3. ^ Fulani, Gurmanche of Burkina Faso. Joshua Project, accessed 2009-05-20
  4. ^ Gold and Base Metal Exploration on the Tialkam Exploration Licence, Liptako Region, Niger, West Africa. Summary of: 'Tialkam Permit, Liptako/Niger - Final Report'.- 20 pp, 14 maps and 19 annexes. GeoServices Int/Barrick/ Anglo-American. Accessed 2009-05-20
  5. ^ Martin B.Klien (reviewer) Irwin, Paul. - Liptako Speaks. History from Oral Tradition in Africa. Cahiers d'études africaines, 1984, Volume 24, Issue 96, pp. 511-512

Coordinates: 17°12′17″N 2°24′48″W / 17.20466°N 2.413394°W / 17.20466; -2.413394