Fazenda Algarve in Liquiçá
Map of East Timor highlighting Liquiçá Municipality
|• Total||549 km2 (212 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (340/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||3rd|
|Households (2015 census)|
|Time zone||UTC+09:00 (TLT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TL-LI|
medium · 2nd
Liquiçá municipality is situated on the northern coast of East Timor, and borders the municipalities of Dili (containing the national capital) to the east, Aileu to the Southeast, Ermera to the south, and Bobonaro to the southwest. To the northwest lies the Savu Sea. The municipality has a population of 73,027 (Census 2010) and an area of 549 km². The borders of the municipality are identical to those of the district of the same name in Portuguese Timor. Its administrative posts are Bazartete, Liquiçá and Maubara.
Widely known as a beautiful location, it has a breath-taking view of the Ombai Strait, which is most visible as you drive into Liquiçá from Dili, rounding the last mountain curve before descending into the valley. The beaches are rocky, as are most beaches on East Timor, but nonetheless beautiful. The river that flows down to the sea from the mountains is dry, except during the monsoon season. During this time, the main road washes out several times, and is repaired each time by the local population. The only downside to its beauty is the large population of mosquitoes which carry both the deadly diseases malaria and dengue fever.
During the Portuguese colonisation of eastern Timor, the Maubara kingdom, in the west of today's Liquiçá municipality, was taken by the Netherlands in 1667, while surrounding territories felt under Portuguese domination. The Maubara Dutch fortification near the beach is well preserved and still has the original cannon that once overlooked the bay. Later, Portugal negotiated with the Netherlands in 1859 and exchanged Maubara for Flores Island in 1861, which was occupied by the Portuguese at that time.
During the Indonesian occupation, the Indonesian government did construct many buildings in Liquiçá, but after the referendum of 1999 and during the militia`s campaign almost everything was destroyed. Most notably, many East Timorese were murdered during the Liquiçá Church Massacre of April 1999. Maubara is the location where the dreaded militia group Besi Merah Putih was first formed. In September 1999 an American police officer serving with the International Police was shot (though not fatally) by pro-Indonesian forces while the UN was evacuating Liquiçá.
From September through November 1999, life came back to Liquiçá, as UN Peace Keeping Forces from Portugal set up a base in Maubara, and the International Police set up its headquarters in downtown Liquiçá. Originally, there were 14 International Police assigned to Liquiçá, representing Sweden, Canada, Great Britain, Ghana, Malaysia, and the United States. It was in Liquiçá that the first International Police officer for the East Timor mission died, as a result of contracting dengue fever; he was from Ghana. During this period, the International Police occupied the very same church compound location where the Liquiçá Church Massacre had played out. The peacekeeper military element for Liquiçá were Portuguese Marines. Liquica was also the main base of operations for the UNTAET Crime Scene Detachment.
The municipality's administrative posts (formerly sub-districts) are:
Places of interest
Liquiçá has beautiful beaches (although no white sands) that are very attractive for tourism. Liquiçá also has coffee plantations and some minerals such as gold. Several diving spots scatter along the coast.
During the Portuguese occupation, there were very few buildings other than the traditional huts used by local East Timorese. Most of the buildings were constructed during the Indonesian occupation, but most of them were destroyed during the militia riots and violent onslaughts following and leading up to the referendum in 1999. Some of the buildings that still remain intact are the Portuguese buildings. Many of the Indonesian buildings were repairable. The construction and design is a traditional Indonesian style, which is both out dated, yet artistic and creative.
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
- "Source". 28 May 2006. Archived from the original on 28 May 2006.
- Gunn, Geoffrey C (2011). "Liquisa District". Historical Dictionary of East Timor. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 120. ISBN 9780810867543.
- Sarmento, Eugénio; Miranda, Flávio; Oliveira, Nuno Vasco, eds. (2013). Património Arquitectónico de Origem Portuguesa de Liquiçá / Patrimóniu Arquitetóniku Origem Portugueza Liquiçá nian / Architectural Heritage of Portuguese Origins of Liquiçá (in Portuguese, Tetun, and English). Dili: Secretária de Estado da Arte e Cultura. ISBN 9727572252. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
Media related to Liquiçá (Municipality) at Wikimedia Commons