Liquid Sky

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Liquid Sky
LiquidSkyPoster3.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed bySlava Tsukerman
Produced by
Written by
  • Slava Tsukerman
  • Anne Carlisle
  • Nina V. Kerova
Starring
Music by
CinematographyYuri Neyman
Edited bySharyn L. Ross
Distributed by
  • Cinevista
  • Media Home Entertainment
Release date
Running time
112 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
BudgetUS$500,000
Box office$1.7 million

Liquid Sky is a 1982 American independent science fiction film directed by Slava Tsukerman and starring Anne Carlisle and Paula E. Sheppard.[1] It debuted at the Montreal Film festival in August 1982 and was well received at several film festivals thereafter.[2] It was produced with a budget of $500,000. It became the most successful independent film of 1983, grossing $1.7 million worldwide.[3]

The film is seen as heavily influencing a club scene that emerged in the early 2000s in Brooklyn, Berlin, Paris, and London called electroclash.[4]

Plot[edit]

A New Wave fashion show is to be held in a crowded Manhattan nightclub. Among the models are bisexual, cocaine-addicted Margaret and her similarly cocaine-addicted nemesis Jimmy. Margaret's drug-dealing girlfriend, Adrian, is constantly hassled by Jimmy because he does not have the money to pay for more drugs.

A small UFO lands on the roof of the penthouse apartment occupied by Margaret and Adrian. Jimmy accompanies Margaret home before the show, but he's actually trying to find Adrian's drugs. Margaret is being watched by a tiny, shapeless alien from inside the UFO. Margaret and Jimmy return to the club to participate in the show. During preparations, both agree to a photo shoot the following night on Margaret's rooftop. They are assured that there will be plenty of cocaine available at the shoot.

Jimmy's mother, Sylvia, a television producer, lives in the building across from Margaret's penthouse. German scientist Johann Hoffman has been secretly observing the aliens from the Empire State Building. Johann needs somewhere to continue his surveillance when the observation deck closes. He seeks help from the only person he knows in the U.S., college drama teacher Owen, who is on his way to meet a former student. Seeking a vantage point on his own, Johann stumbles into Sylvia's building. Sylvia, who has a free evening, invites him to her apartment for dinner. Across town, Katherine states her objection to the heroin use of her boyfriend, failed writer and addict Paul.

Margaret is seduced by Owen, her former acting professor. Then she is coerced into sex by Paul, Adrian's client. Paul had returned to seduce Margaret after walking out on a party held by Katherine when she insisted he pull himself together and help greet her business clients. The people who have sexual relations and reach orgasm with Margaret promptly die, with a crystal protruding from their head. Margaret realizes she can kill people by having sex with them.

From Sylvia's apartment, Johann continues his observation between dinner and dodging Sylvia's attempts to seduce him. Adrian arrives home and helps Margaret hide Owen's body. Later the crew arrives at the apartment for the fashion shoot. During the shoot Margaret is taunted by Jimmy, so she agrees to have sex with him knowing it will kill him. Later, a vengeful Margaret reconnects with a soap opera actor who had raped her the night of the nightclub fashion show.

Johann reveals that the alien is extracting the endorphins produced by the brain when an orgasm occurs. Margaret survives because she never experiences an orgasm. Margaret finally learns of the aliens from Johann, whom she stabs to death, something Sylvia witnesses through a telescope. Seeing the alien craft leaving, Margaret injects herself with heroin to induce a wild autoerotic orgasm to ensure the aliens take her with them. Sylvia and Katherine arrive at the apartment together and reach the penthouse in time to see Margaret vaporized and taken aboard by the aliens.

Cast[edit]

  • Anne Carlisle as Margaret/Jimmy
  • Paula E. Sheppard as Adrian
  • Susan Doukas as Sylvia
  • Otto von Wernherr as Johann Hoffman
  • Bob Brady as Owen
  • Elaine C. Grove as Katherine
  • Stanley Knap as Paul
  • Jack Adalist as Vincent
  • Lloyd Ziff as Lester
  • Harry Lum as Chinese Food Deliveryman
  • Roy MacArthur as Jack
  • Sara Carlisle as Nellie
  • Nina V. Kerova as Designer
  • Alan Preston as Photographer
  • Christine Hatfull as Hair Stylist

Production[edit]

Liquid Sky was produced and directed by Slava Tsukerman, who, prior to making Liquid Sky, had had a successful career as a documentary and TV film director in the USSR and Israel. The screenplay was written by Tsukerman, his wife and ubiquitous co-producer Nina V. Kerova, and Anne Carlisle, who also enacted the film's two leading roles. The director of photography, Yuri Neyman, a Russian émigré, was also the film's special effects expert. Anne Carlisle also wrote a novel based on the film in 1987.[5]

Although the film is loosely centered around early 1980s punk subculture, the film's score uses a series of strident synthesizer music pieces. The music was composed by Slava Tsukerman, Clive Smith and Brenda Hutchinson using the Fairlight CMI. Most of it was original, but included interpretations of Baroque composer Marin Marais's Sonnerie de Ste-Geneviève du Mont-de-Paris, Carl Orff's Trionfo di Afrodite, and Anthony Philip Heinrich's Laurel Waltz. All of these were orchestrated in a series of ominous, dissonant arrangements and nightmarish marches.

Release[edit]

Home media[edit]

The film was digitally restored in 4K resolution in 2017 by Vinegar Syndrome,[6][7] and released as a Blu-ray/DVD combo pack on April 24, 2018.[8][9][10]

Filming[edit]

Liquid Sky was shot without any major actors, large funding, or even permits. It was shot in several downtown New York City locations.[11] "On Variety’s top-grossing film chart for over half a year, Liquid Sky was perhaps the most successful independent film of its day".[12]

Cinematography[edit]

Yuri Neyman, A.S.C., is both the cinematographer and special effects director for Liquid Sky. Director Slava Tsukerman, cinematographer Yuri Neyman, and Production Designer Marina Levikova worked closely together to create the distinct, unique cinematic look and vivid feel of Liquid Sky. The overall look and feel of the film was inspired by German Expressionism and Bertolt Brecht.[13] At the time, "punk" was not well known. The crew and cinematographer knew that they needed to "create" a feel and look for "punk". The cinematography in Liquid Sky is a form of expressionism. The film was shot to make you feel the emotions of the characters, expressed through powerful light, colors, contrast, composition, and movement. The reality of the cinematography is a world expressed and painted with emotion rather so much rather than practicality. All three department heads were successful filmmakers from the USSR who discovered filmmaking in their teenage years. The cinematography was well received by the community and filmmakers. In a 1984 February issue of American Cinematographer, reviewers of Liquid Sky cinematography were quoted as saying it is "the picture's asset" and "On its simplest level, it could be just as satisfying to be watched with its sound off, as a spectacular work of moving art." The magazine would go as far as to comment "New York has never been photographed better before."[14]

The film was shot on 35mm film and had an aspect ratio of 1.85:1. It was re-released in 2017 with 4K master restore to digital.

Sound design[edit]

Fairlight CMI Synthesizer (Clive Smith pictured)

To create unusual sounds by manipulating real-world sounds, Director Slava Tsukerman chose to use a synthesizer known as the Fairlight CMI. Brenda Hutchinson and Clive Smith were the music composers for the soundtrack.[15] During the process, the director brought over three or four classical music pieces that would be programmed into the Fairlight CMI. Much like a computer, every sound and every note would be programmed with a code. When composing, the director would tap a rhythm or hum a melody and the music composers would play around with ideas on the Fairlight. Percussion sounds were used throughout the movie. The director often rejected re-recording a tape when not perfect, loving the rawness of the imperfections. Director Slava Tsukerman was quoted saying “No, I like it. Let’s make it quick and dirty.” During foley and sound design, materials such as wind chimes, metal, glass, and wood were used to create the sounds of the alien creatures. During much of composing, Clive Smith never even saw a visual from the film to work with. It wasn't until the premiere where he saw his work collaborated with the visuals, He was solely creating music and sound from what the director was communicating to him. He admits that he and Brenda were the composers, but director Slava Tsukerman had the vision.[16]

Background[edit]

Liquid Sky was an adaption and formation from a previous script titled "Sweet Sixteen" from Director Slava Tsukerman. After not being able to fund the script, Director Slava Tsukerman knew he needed to write a new script that would be producible. His wife, Nina V. Kerova, had been writing scripts based on a woman who could not get an orgasm.[17] He had an idea for a movie about aliens from outer space.[18] He and his wife started collaborating ideas. Soon, because of language barriers and American speech, they hired friend & co-writer Anne Carlisle to help them write the script. After the three writers collaborated over dinner one night, the title "Liquid Sky" was born.[17]

Reception[edit]

Critical reception[edit]

On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 95%, based on 20 reviews, and an average rating of 7.1/10.[19]

Awards[edit]

Sequel[edit]

In a 2014 interview with The Awl, Slava Tsukerman confirmed that he intended to make a sequel, Liquid Sky 2;[20] with Anne Carlisle returning in the role of Margaret.[20]

See also[edit]

  • I Come in Peace, a 1990 science fiction film in which an alien extracts endorphins from humans by forcibly overdosing them on artificial heroin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maslin, Janet (July 22, 1983). "'LIQUID SKY,' HIGH FASHION AND A U.F.O." The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  2. ^ Trefz, Linda (February 1984). "Photography for Liquid Sky". American Cinematographer. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  3. ^ Russo, Vito (July 1984). "Anne Carlisle and Liquid Sky". Moviegoer Magazine. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  4. ^ Reynolds, Simon (January 22, 2010). "The 1980s revival that lasted an entire decade". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  5. ^ Carlisle, Anne (1987). Liquid Sky: The Novel (1st ed.). New York: Doubleday. ISBN 9780385239301.
  6. ^ "Liquid Sky (Slipcover)". Vinegar Syndrome. 2017. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  7. ^ Rife, Katie (November 22, 2017). "New wave cult classic Liquid Sky lands on Blu-ray with a dazzling new 4k restoration". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  8. ^ "Liquid Sky". Vinegar Syndrome. 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  9. ^ Halen, Adrian (March 7, 2018). "LIQUID SKY makes Blu-ray/special feature debut April 24". Horrornews.net. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  10. ^ "Liquid Sky Blu-ray: Standard Edition". Blu-ray.com. 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  11. ^ "Liquid Sky Revisited". IndieGogo. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
  12. ^ "Revisiting the Downtown Scene Through Alien Eyes in 'Liquid Sky'". The New York Times. The New York Times. April 2018. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
  13. ^ Razor, Sasha. ""Trust Your Vision": An Interview with the Filmmakers of the Cult Classic "Liquid Sky" (1982)". Los Angeles Review of Books. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  14. ^ "Photography for Liquid Sky". questia. American Cinematographer. Feb 1984. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
  15. ^ Gallon, Courtenay. "Liquid Sky: Cult Cinema, Film Scoring, and the Fairlight CMI". Florida State University. Retrieved 2020-04-24.
  16. ^ "Liquid sky – For the love of the Fairlight" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  17. ^ a b "A brief history of neon-soaked cult film Liquid Sky". Interview Magazine. 2018-04-16. Retrieved 2020-04-24.
  18. ^ Bramesco, Charles (2018-04-11). "Inside Liquid Sky, the Heroin-Fueled New Wave Alien Invasion Time Forgot". Vulture. Retrieved 2020-04-24.
  19. ^ "Liquid Sky". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. 1983. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  20. ^ a b Ramsay, James (February 18, 2014). "The "Liquid Sky" Sequel Is Coming: A Chat With The Director Of The Best Film About New York". The Awl. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]