Liquid alternative investment
Liquid alternatives (liquid alts) are alternative investment strategies that are available through alternative investment vehicles such as mutual funds, ETFs, and closed-end funds that provide daily liquidity. Liquid alts are also known as 40 Act funds because they were created by the U.S. Congress in 1940.
Growth of liquid alternative strategies
Launches of liquid alts funds have tripled since 2009 and are predicted to reach $2 trillion.
Major drivers for the growth in liquid alternative funds include:
- "The 2008 crisis has fundamentally changed investors’ priorities from a main emphasis on investment returns and alpha generation to an emphasis on diversification and downside protection (or principal preservation), especially in the case of a steep market downdraft"
- "investors have had the investment wind in their backs for decades with strong equity markets backed by strong economic growth and appreciating bond markets. They are now faced with extremely low interest rates and slow and uncertain economic growth. The result has been a rethinking of the traditional 60/40 stock/bond portfolio that has been the mainstay of investments"
- "Complicating the issue is the changes in the investment management industry in terms of organization and scale of the companies, the host of new products, and the changes in the investment paradigm that has governed the industry for the past four decades. Individuals and institutions have been struggling to develop portfolio strategies to meet their changing needs. The role of alternative investments in investor portfolios has been an important part of this development".
Retail liquid alternatives
Retail investors interested in liquid alts are looking for growth but want more liquidity than hedge funds provide. In a Goldman Sachs report, the growth of liquid alternatives is "reminiscent of early-stage ETF growth".
"The rapid growth of Liquid Alternative Investments has had a profound effect on all aspects of the investment management industry, affecting investors, investment managers, and asset management companies around the world. It has blurred the distinction between formerly segregated parts of the industry—notably hedge funds and mutual funds—and led to competition between the various groups. It has provided investors—both retail and institutional–with a new tool for their portfolios, although many are not certain of its benefits. Investment advisors, meanwhile, have been hard at work learning about this new area and how to incorporate it into their asset management and advisory activities. Most recently, the growth of the industry has piqued the interest of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) which has issued in early 2014 announced it would conduct a regulatory sweep of the largest of these alternative investments.
- Schwartz, Shelly K. (24 Nov 2013). "Seeking safe havens? Analysts, advisors point to liquid alternative funds". CNBC. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- Liquid alts like go-go days of ETFs blogs.barrons.com/focusonfunds/2013/12/06/goldman-on-liquid-alts-like-the-go-go-days-of-etfs/
- Zask, Ezra. "Liquid and Near-Liquid Alternative Investments White Paper - Introduction and Outline of this Report". Archived from the original on 2014-07-25.
- Kranc, Joel (13 Feb 2014). "Liquid Alternatives Catch the Attention of Retail and Institutional Investors". Institutional Investor. New York. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "SEC sweep: liquid alternative funds" (PDF). PwC Financial Services Regulatory Practice, June, 2014.
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