With long-tailed hoods it includes in particular a chaperon or gugel, or the peak of a shoe. A graffito on the church wall of Swannington Church in Norfolk depicts a "late medieval woman wearing a long, laced gown and hood with a long liripipe ornament."
In modern times, liripipe mostly refers to the tail of the cowl of an academic hood, seen at graduation ceremonies.
Liripipe was popular from the mid-14th to the end of the 15th century. 'Liripipe', and the phrase 'liripipe hood', which are often used by costume historians, are not medieval words but scholarly adoptions dating to the early modern period to describe a fashion which appears very often in medieval art, in the form of a long extension to a hood. It could be worn hanging down, or, by the 15th century, is depicted wrapped round the head or the neck.
The word is believed to originate from the Medieval Latin term liripipium, which is of unsure origin. Webster's Dictionary suggests it is a corruption of cleri ephippium ("clergy's tippet"), but this is uncertain. The Oxford English Dictionary, attributing the hypothesis to Gilles Ménage, calls it a "ludicrous guess".
Perhaps due to its academic association, the word has the obsolete sense of "part or lesson committed to memory", as in the expressions "to know one's liripipe" and "to teach someone his liripipe".
Liripipe often appears in text as implicit criticism of absurd or exaggerated fashion: in the 1360s the author of the Chronicle Eulogium Historiarunm sive Temporis mentions liripipes that hang right down to the heels like ridiculous strips ('liripipia usque talum longa modo fatuorum dilacerata') or worn tied round the head by → cross-dressing women.
The term was also applied to exaggerated toes on shoes, according to a 14th-century statute of Oxford University.
- Also spelled liri-, lerri-, lyri- lirry- leery- leerepoop(e)/ pope, liri-, lyri-, luri-, leripup, lirripippes, liripipy, liripipion, and liripion.
- The Norfolk Medieval Graffiti Survey, The Guardian, March 29, 2014, article by Matt Champion
- Owen-Cricker, Gale R. (2012). Encyclopedia of Medieval Dress and Textiles of the British Isles c.450-1450. The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill. p. 329. ISBN 978-90-04-124356.
- "ˈliripipe, ˈliripoop". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.): "No plausible etymology has been found [...] Ménage's ludicrous guess, that liripipium is a corruption of cleri ephippium, is repeated seriously in recent Eng. dicts."
- "nincompoop definition | English definition dictionary | Reverso". dictionary.reverso.net. Retrieved 2017-10-20.
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