Liroceratidae

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Liroceratidae
Temporal range: Mississippian (L Carb) - Triassic
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Subclass: Nautiloidea
Order: Nautilida
Superfamily: Clydonautilaceae
Family: Liroceratidae
Miller & Youngquist, 1949

Liroceratidae is an extinct family of nautilids, shelled marine molluscs, belonging to the Clydonautilaceae, consisting of generally smooth, involute, nautiliconic forms with a small umbilicus. The whorl section is usually depressed and broadly rounded, the suture only slightly sinuous, and the siphuncle usually more or less central.

The Liroceratidae range from the Mississippian well into the Triassic and may even extend down into the upper Devonian.

The Liroceratidae are probably derived from the Rutoceratidae and form the root stock of the Clydonautilaceae. They also provide the basis for the name for Shimankiy's Lirocerina, a suborder mostly equivalent to the Clydonautilaceae. The Liroceratidae gave rise to the Ephippioceratidae early in the Mississippian, which extend well into the Permian, and to the Clydonautilidae, Gonionautilidae, and Siberionautilidae in the Triassic.

References[edit]

  • Bernhard Kummel, 1964. Nautiloidea -Nautilida; Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part K. Geol Soc of America and Univ of Kansas press, R.C. Moore (ed) -- Liroceratidae K444 -K447.
  • J. Tuck, R Mapes, & S. Arnoff, 1978. New Coiled Nautiloids from the Wewok Formation (Pennsylvanian) of Oklahoma. Jour Paleo V.52, N.1, pp67–72. Jan. 1978