Lisa Kruger

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Lisa Kruger
Picture of Lisa Kruger, Paralympic Champion 100m Breaststroke SB9.png
Lisa Kruger, Paralympic Champion 100m breaststroke SB9, Rio de Janeiro 2016
Personal information
Birth nameLisa Kruger
Born4 september 2000
Harderwijk, The Netherlands
EducationVWO graduate
CountryThe Netherlands
DisabilityIn 2006, she broke her left arm after falling from a wall, resulting in a condition known as Madelung's deformity(MD). Her left arm is seven centimeters shorter than her right arm. She also has 70% less power in her left arm and has impaired range of motion in her left wrist and lower arm. (
Disability classS10 / SB9 / SM10
Event(s)Her main event is the 100m breaststroke. She also competes in the 50 and 100m freestyle, the 100m backstroke and the 200m Individual Medley.
ClubDe Dolfijn, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Coached bySander Nijhuis (national) Kira Fijn (School). Former coaches: Jeanet Mulder(national), Mark Faber(national), Corrie van Gent (Woelwaters)
Achievements and titles
World finals2019 IPC World Championships, Londen

100m Backstroke, 1st place

200m IM SM10, 2nd place

100m Breaststroke SB9, 2nd place

100m Freestyle S10, 3rd place

100m Butterfly, 7th place

2015 IPC World Championships, Glasgow

200m Individual Medley SM10,7th place.

100m Breaststroke SB9, DSQ.

100m Backstroke S10, 5th place
Regional finalsWPS Allianz European Championships 2018

100m Butterfly S10,1st place, NR

200m IM SM10, 1st place, ER

100m Breaststroke SB9, 2nd place

100m Backstroke S10, 2nd place

400m Freestyle S10, 5th place

50m Freestyle S10, 6th place

100m Freestyle S10, 7th place
Paralympic finalsParalympic Games 2016, Rio de Janeiro

100m Breaststroke SB9,1st place

100m Backstroke S10 5th place

200m Individual Medley SM10, 4th place

100m Freestyle S10, 5th place

4 x 100m Medley Relay 34 Points, 6th place

Lisa Kruger (born 4 September 2000) is a Dutch swimmer who is a member of the Dutch Paralympic team.[1]

She competes in the S10/SB9/SM10 classifications and her best event is the SB9 100 m breaststroke, winning the Paralympic gold medal and breaking a World and Paralympic record (1.15.47) at the Summer Paralympics in Rio the Janeiro, on 8 September 2016.[2]

Arm condition[edit]

Kruger was born healthy in 2000, but in 2006 she fell from a wall, breaking several bones in her left arm. She had surgery which appeared to be successful. She then started with modern pentathlon (a sport where you compete in running, swimming, fencing, shooting and horseback riding). At 8 years old, she finished in 3rd place at the Dutch Youth Championships.

Her left arm started giving her more and more burden and pain and the arm started to grow crooked. She had less and less movement in her left arm and noticed that, in relation to her right arm, the left arm seemed to be shorter. She had to return to the hospital and there they discovered that the epiphysis of the radius was so damaged during her fall, that one bone was no longer growing. Because the other bones in her arm are still growing, her left arm is growing crooked. This growth disorder is also known as Madelung's deformity. Only, in Kruger's case, the disorder is caused by a trauma and is not a hereditary or congenital defect. Because of these problems she had to undergo multiple surgeries, including an operation to extend the bone, where a pin was inserted to the non-growing bone, with a swivel mechanism on the outside. For three months she had to tighten the screws every day, in order to slightly lengthen the bone. This radical surgery did not do what the doctors hoped for and the doctor declared her inoperable in August 2014. As far as trying to extend the non-growing bone, the bone had been pushed over her carpal bones, which only caused her to have less movement in her wrist. So she has limited movement in her wrist, she can not turn her arm, can not put any pressure on her arm and can not hang on it. Her left arm is now about 7 centimetres shorter than the right arm and her left hand is a little bit smaller than her right hand. She has virtually no strength in her left hand and therefore 70% less strength in her left arm in comparison to her right arm. Until she stops growing she has to have, regular check-ups at the Erasmus hospital in Rotterdam, to see if there is a need for emergency surgery because of the imbalance.

International career[edit]

Lisa Kruger made her international debut at the IPC World Championships in 2015.

Lisa Kruger participated in the Paralympic Games at Rio de Janeiro 2016.

Paralympic Games 2016

🥇 Paralympic Champion 100m Breaststroke SB9

To honour her accomplishments at the Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro, the city of Harderwijk named the competition pool in Harderwijk "The Lisa Kruger Bad".[3]

European Championships 2018

🥇 European Champion 100m Butterfly S10

🥇 European Champion 200m Individual Medley SM10, European Record

🥈 100m Breaststroke SB9

🥈 100m Backstroke S10

World Championships 2019

🥇 World Champion 100m backstroke S10

🥈 200m Individual Medley SM10

🥈 100m Breaststroke S10

🥉 100m Freestyle S10

Main results[edit]

  • Paralympic champion Rio de Janeiro 2016', 100 m breaststroke SB9.
  • World- and Paralympic record in the 100 m breaststroke SB9 during the Paralympic Games 2016.
  • World record in the 200 m freestyle S10 (short course) in 2014.
  • World record in the 200 m backstroke S10 (short course) in 2015.
  • European Record in the 200m Individual Medley SM10 at the European Championships 2018

Other information[edit]

  • Lisa Kruger has been elected Sportswoman of the year 2019 and 2018 of the city of Harderwijk, the Netherlands
  • European and Dutch Record S10 100m freestyle short course, December 2018
  • European and Dutch Record SM10 200m IM short course, December 2018
  • European and Dutch Record S10 50m backstroke short course, December 2018
  • World, European and Dutch Record S10 100m backstroke short course, December 2018
  • World, European and Dutch Record S10 200m backstroke short course, December 2018
  • European and Dutch Record SM10 200m IM long course, August 2018
  • European and Dutch Record SM10 200m IM long course, October 2017
  • Lisa Kruger has been elected Sportswoman of the year 2016 of the city of Amersfoort, the Netherlands[4]
  • Lisa Kruger is knighted by King Willem Alexander as "Ridder in de orde van Oranje Nassau"
  • World, Paralympic, European and Dutch recordholder 100m breaststroke SB9 long course.
  • World, European and Dutch record S10 200m freestyle short course 2014.
  • World, European and Dutch record S10 200m backstroke short course 2014.
  • European -and Dutch record S10 100m freestyle, 50m backstroke en 100m backstroke short course 2014/2015.
  • European - and Dutch record S10 50m backstroke short course 2016.
  • Dutch record 4 × 100 m Medley relay (Kruger-den Braber-Keijzer-Vermarien).
  • Participated in 5 Finals during the Paralympic games 2016. Finishing 1st 100m breaststroke, 4th 200m IM, 5th 100m backstroke, 5th 100m freestyle and 6th medley relay.

Netherlands at the 2016 Summer Paralympics

Website Lisa Kruger[5]


  1. ^ NOC*NSF. "Lisa Kruger". Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  2. ^ "KRUGER Lisa". Rio 2016. Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  3. ^ Harderwijk, Gemeente. "Harderwijkse topsporter Lisa Kruger groots onthaald(22-09-2016)". Gemeente Harderwijk (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2016-11-10. Retrieved 2016-11-09.
  4. ^ "Lisa Kruger uit Harderwijk sportvrouw van het jaar in Amersfoort". Omroep Gelderland (in Dutch). Retrieved 2016-11-28.
  5. ^ "Paralympisch zwemster". Retrieved 2016-11-13.