Lishan Laomu

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Lishan Laomu
Lishan Laomu painting.jpg
The painting picture of Lishan Laomu
Traditional Chinese驪山老母
Simplified Chinese骊山老母
Literal meaningThe Old Mother of Mount Li

Líshān Lǎomǔ (Chinese: 驪山老母; literally: 'The old mother of Mount Li') is a goddess in Chinese religion and Taoism.[1] She is a high-ranking female immortal and the goddess of Mount Li.


According to legend, she is often equated with Nü Wa, the legendary creater and mother goddess, as she has long been worshipped on the same mountain, but actually, Lishan Laomu has her own number of stories. Her disciples and apprentices are legendary female heroes, such as Zhong Wuyan, Fan Lihua, Bai Suzhen, Zhu Yingtai, Mu Guiying, Liu Jinding, these women are heroine era.[2]

During the Tang Dynasty, Taoist Li Quan (618-907) a commoner fond of the way of the immortals, who often travelled to spiritual places in the mountains, met with Lishan Laomu at the foot of Lishan Mountain, and Laomu taught him Huangdi Yinfujing (The Yellow Emperor's Scripture on "Unconscious Unification").[3]

In the Shiji and Hanshu are some statements about the old mother of Mt. Lishan. She was seen as a heavenly daughter or as a woman married to a western barbarian, chieftain named Xuxuan (胥轩). Through this marriage it was able for the rulers of the Shang (17th-11th cent. BC) or Zhou (11th. cent.-221 BC) dynasties (the time is given with that period) to control the peoples in the west.[2]

Lishan Laomu Temple in Taiwan

Laomu's main temple is called "Lishan Laomu Palace" in Xi'an of Shaanxi Province is the most famous one among those extant temples. The palace is situated on the Xixiu Ridge of Mount Li, Lintong District, Xi'an.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Lishan laomu, the Old Lady from Mt. Lishan". ChinaKnowledge. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b "黎山老母是谁黎山老母真实身份到底是什么" (in Chinese). Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  3. ^ "黎山老母和观音谁级别高?黎山老母和毗蓝婆什么关系?" (in Chinese). 4 January 2017. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Lishan Laomu Palace in Xi'an". Shaanxi Radio and TV University. Retrieved 28 August 2018.