List of Spanish flu cases

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from List of 1918 flu pandemic cases)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of cases from the January 1918 – December 1920 flu pandemic, commonly referred to as the Spanish flu.

To maintain morale, wartime censors minimized early reports of illness and mortality in Germany, the United Kingdom, France, and the United States.[1][2] Papers were free to report the epidemic's effects in neutral Spain (such as the grave illness of King Alfonso XIII).[3] This created a false impression of Spain as especially hard hit,[4] thereby giving rise to the pandemic's nickname, "Spanish Flu".[5]

Fatalities[edit]

Listed alphabetically by surname

In utero deaths[edit]

Children of women who were pregnant during the pandemic ran the risk of lifelong effects. One in three of the more than 25 million who contracted the flu in the United States was a woman of childbearing age. A study of US census data from 1960 to 1980 found that the children born to this group of women had more physical ailments and a lower lifetime income than those born a few months earlier or later.[14] The study also found that persons born in states with more severe exposure to the pandemic experienced worse outcomes than persons born in states with less severe exposures.[15]

Notable survivors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Valentine, Vikki (20 February 2006). "Origins of the 1918 Pandemic: The Case for France". NPR. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  2. ^ Anderson, Susan (29 August 2006). "Analysis of Spanish flu cases in 1918–1920 suggests transfusions might help in bird flu pandemic". American College of Physicians. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  3. ^ Porras-Gallo M, Davis RA, eds. (2014). "The Spanish Influenza Pandemic of 1918–1919: Perspectives from the Iberian Peninsula and the Americas". Rochester Studies in Medical History. 30. University of Rochester Press. ISBN 978-1-58046-496-3.
  4. ^ Barry JM (2004). The Great Influenza: The Epic Story of the Greatest Plague in History. Viking Penguin. ISBN 978-0-670-89473-4.
  5. ^ Galvin J (31 July 2007). "Spanish Flu Pandemic: 1918". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  6. ^ Frank D. McCann (2004). Soldiers of the Pátria: a history of the Brazilian Army, 1889–1937. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-3222-2.
  7. ^ Hathaway, Sibyl (1962). Dame of Sark: An Autobiography (2nd ed.). New York: Coward-McCann, Inc. p. 59.
  8. ^ Duncan 2003, p. 16
  9. ^ a b c d e dMAC Health Digest.
  10. ^ a b "Influenza 1918 - Among the Victims". American Experience, PBS. Retrieved 2009-04-27.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-04-24. Retrieved 2016-04-24.
  12. ^ Frank Whitford, Expressionist Portraits, Abbeville Press, 1987, p. 46. ISBN 0-89659-780-6
  13. ^ Eustis, Nelson (1997). The King of Tonga: A Biography. Adelaide: Hobby Investment. p. 64. ISBN 978-0-646-33077-8. OCLC 38837175.
  14. ^ Steven D. Levitt; Stephen J. Dubner (2009). Superfreakonomics: global cooling, patriotic prostitutes, and why suicide bombers should buy life insurance. William Morrow. pp. 59, 230. ISBN 978-0-06-088957-9. citing "Is the 1918 Influenza Pandemic Over? Long-Term Effects of In Utero Influenza Exposure in the Post-1940 U.S Population," Journal of Political Economy 114 no. 4 (2006); and Douglas Almond and Bhashkar Mazumder, "The 1918 Influenza Pandemic and Subsequent Health Outcomes: An Analysis of SIPP Data," Recent Developments in Health Economics 95 no. 2 (May 2005)
  15. ^ Andrew Fenton Cooper; John J. Kirton (2009). Innovation in Global Health Governance: Critical Cases. Global environmental governance series. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-7546-4872-7.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Collier 1974
  17. ^ Barry 2004
  18. ^ Sholem, Gershom. Walter Benjamin: The Story of a Friendship. Trans. The Jewish Publication Society of America. London: Faber & Faber, 1982. 76.
  19. ^ The clews from Raymond Chandler’s war, By Kim Cooper, July 23, 2017, Kim Cooper's "The Kept Girl"
  20. ^ Lillian Gish: The Movies, Mr. Griffith, and Me, ISBN 0-13-536649-6.
  21. ^ Harold Marcus, Haile Sellassie I: The formative years, 1892–1936 (Trenton: Red Sea Press, 1996), pp. 36f; Pankhurst 1990, p. 48f.
  22. ^ "Jim and Marian Jordan's Contributions to Radio". www.lib.niu.edu. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
  23. ^ The Impossibility of Being Kafka, December 24, 2008, Jewish News From Austria
  24. ^ Munch Museum, "A timeline of Munch's life".Munch Museum. Accessed 2009-05-24. Archived 2009-05-27.
  25. ^ Roxana Robinson, Georgia O'Keeffe: A Life. University Press of New England, 1989. p. 193. ISBN 0-87451-906-3
  26. ^ Richard Rhodes, The Making of the Atomic Bomb, ISBN 0-684-81378-5.