List of 1984 Winter Olympics medal winners

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A woman wearing a hooded unitard speed-skates along an ice track.
Karin Enke, an East German speed skater, was one of three athletes who won four medals at the 1984 Winter Olympics.

The 1984 Winter Olympics – officially known by the International Olympic Committee as the XIV Olympic Winter Games – were a winter multi-sport event held between 8 and 19 February 1984 in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia (currently Bosnia and Herzegovina). A total of 1,272 athletes, representing a record 49 National Olympic Committees (NOCs), competed in 39 events across 10 disciplines of 6 sports.[1] The official program was the same as that of the 1980 Winter Olympics, with the addition of a 20-kilometer event in women's cross-country skiing.[1] Disabled skiing was featured for the first time as an Olympic demonstration sport.[2]

The 117 Olympic medals in dispute at these Games were awarded to athletes from 17 NOCs. The athletes from the Soviet Union collected 25 medals and secured their NOC a top spot in the overall medal count, ahead of East Germany (24 medals) and Finland (13 medals). East Germany, however, topped the gold medal count with nine medals, three more than those won by Soviet athletes. Finland, the United States and Sweden followed with four gold medals each.[3] The host delegation won the nation's first medal at the Winter Olympics, through alpine skier Jure Franko's silver in the men's giant slalom event.[4]

American skier Phil Mahre, runner-up in 1980, won the slalom event and saw his twin brother Steve secure the silver medal.[5] In biathlon, Eirik Kvalfoss of Norway and Peter Angerer of West Germany won six medals between them, each securing a complete set.[6] The Nordic countries displayed their strength in the cross-country skiing competition: from the 24 medals in dispute, 17 were won by athletes from Finland (8), Sweden (5), and Norway (4). Finnish skier Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen won four medals, including a gold medal sweep in the three individual cross-country distances, becoming the most successful athlete at these Games.[7] In the men's section, Gunde Svan of Sweden also won four medals, though one less gold than Hämäläinen.[8] Katarina Witt, a young figure skater from East Germany, narrowly defeated the reigning World champion, Rosalynn Sumners of the United States, to collect the first of two successive Olympic gold medals.[9] The British ice dancing pair, Torvill and Dean, took the gold medal after giving performances that earned them not only the first-ever perfect scores (6.0) in Olympic ice dancing compulsories,[10] but also a complete set of perfect artistic impression scores in the free program.[11]

The Soviet Union dominated the ice hockey competition, winning every match to take their sixth Olympic gold in eight Winter Games.[3] East German sledders fully demonstrated their prowess at the Trebević track. Wolfgang Hoppe and Dietmar Schauerhammer clinched gold in both bobsleigh events, while Bernhard Lehmann and Bogdan Musiol secured both silvers.[12] Led by Steffi Martin, who won the first of her two back-to-back Olympic titles, East German lugers swept the women's singles medals. This show of strength was also observed in the women's speed skating, where East German athletes grabbed nine of the twelve medals in dispute. Four of these were won by Karin Enke (matching the total tallies of Hämäläinen and Svan),[13] and three by Andrea Schöne – in direct competition with Enke. Speed skater Gaétan Boucher won three of Canada's four medals in Sarajevo, including two golds.[14]

Alpine skiing[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's downhill[15]
details
Bill Johnson
 United States
Peter Müller
 Switzerland
Anton Steiner
 Austria
Men's slalom[16]
details
Phil Mahre
 United States
Steve Mahre
 United States
Didier Bouvet
 France
Men's giant slalom[17]
details
Max Julen
 Switzerland
Jure Franko
 Yugoslavia
Andreas Wenzel
 Liechtenstein
Women's downhill[18]
details
Michela Figini
 Switzerland
Maria Walliser
 Switzerland
Olga Charvátová
 Czechoslovakia
Women's slalom[19]
details
Paoletta Magoni
 Italy
Perrine Pelen
 France
Ursula Konzett
 Liechtenstein
Women's giant slalom[20]
details
Debbie Armstrong
 United States
Christin Cooper
 United States
Perrine Pelen
 France

Biathlon[edit]

A man skies on a snow-covered course. He wears a white vest on top of a blue unitard, a white winter cap, and red ski boots. On his back, he carries a rifle.
Eirik Kvalfoss of Norway won gold, silver and bronze in biathlon.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's 10 km[21]
details
Eirik Kvalfoss
 Norway
Peter Angerer
 West Germany
Matthias Jacob
 East Germany
Men's 20 km[22]
details
Peter Angerer
 West Germany
Frank-Peter Roetsch
 East Germany
Eirik Kvalfoss
 Norway
Men's 4 × 7.5 km[23]
details
 Soviet Union (URS)
Dmitry Vasilyev
Juri Kashkarov
Algimantas Šalna
Sergei Bulygin
 Norway (NOR)
Odd Lirhus
Eirik Kvalfoss
Rolf Storsveen
Kjell Søbak
 West Germany (FRG)
Ernst Reiter
Walter Pichler
Peter Angerer
Fritz Fischer

Bobsleigh[edit]

Four men in winter tracksuits stand at the side of a bobsled. They are outdoors, at a snow-covered hill top, with many people behind them.
Hoppe, Musiol, Voge and Schauerhammer (left to right) contributed to East Germany's four medals in bobsleigh.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Two-man[24]
details
 East Germany (GDR)
Wolfgang Hoppe
Dietmar Schauerhammer
 East Germany (GDR)
Bernhard Lehmann
Bogdan Musiol
 Soviet Union (URS)
Zintis Ekmanis
Vladimir Aleksandrov
Four-man[25]
details
 East Germany (GDR)
Wolfgang Hoppe
Roland Wetzig
Dietmar Schauerhammer
Andreas Kirchner
 East Germany (GDR)
Bernhard Lehmann
Bogdan Musiol
Ingo Voge
Eberhard Weise
 Switzerland (SUI)
Silvio Giobellina
Heinz Stettler
Urs Salzmann
Rico Freiermuth

Cross-country skiing[edit]

Two middle-aged men wearing winter jackets and caps embrace each other while smiling for the camera.
Cross-country skier Nikolay Zimyatov (left) gave the Soviet Union a gold medal in the 30 km and a silver medal in the team relay.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's 15 km[26]
details
Gunde Svan
 Sweden
Aki Karvonen
 Finland
Harri Kirvesniemi
 Finland
Men's 30 km[27]
details
Nikolay Zimyatov
 Soviet Union
Alexander Zavyalov
 Soviet Union
Gunde Svan
 Sweden
Men's 50 km[28]
details
Thomas Wassberg
 Sweden
Gunde Svan
 Sweden
Aki Karvonen
 Finland
Men's 4 × 10 km[29]
details
 Sweden (SWE)
Thomas Wassberg
Benny Kohlberg
Jan Ottosson
Gunde Svan
 Soviet Union (URS)
Alexander Batyuk
Alexander Zavyalov
Vladimir Nikitin
Nikolay Zimyatov
 Finland (FIN)
Kari Ristanen
Juha Mieto
Harri Kirvesniemi
Aki Karvonen
Women's 5 km[30]
details
Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen
 Finland
Berit Aunli
 Norway
Květa Jeriová
 Czechoslovakia
Women's 10 km[31]
details
Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen
 Finland
Raisa Smetanina
 Soviet Union
Britt Pettersen
 Norway
Women's 20 km[32]
details
Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen
 Finland
Raisa Smetanina
 Soviet Union
Anne Jahren
 Norway
Women's 4 × 5 km[33]
details
 Norway (NOR)
Inger Helene Nybråten
Anne Jahren
Britt Pettersen
Berit Aunli
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)
Dagmar Švubová
Blanka Paulů
Gabriela Svobodová
Květa Jeriová
 Finland (FIN)
Pirkko Määttä
Eija Hyytiäinen
Marjo Matikainen
Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen

Figure skating[edit]

A female figure skater holds up her right leg with her right hand.
Katarina Witt won her first Olympic figure skating singles gold medal in Sarajevo.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men[34]
details
Scott Hamilton
 United States
Brian Orser
 Canada
Jozef Sabovčík
 Czechoslovakia
Ladies[35]
details
Katarina Witt
 East Germany
Rosalynn Sumners
 United States
Kira Ivanova
 Soviet Union
Pairs[36]
details
 Soviet Union (URS)
Elena Valova
Oleg Vasiliev (figure skater)
 United States (USA)
Kitty Carruthers
Peter Carruthers
 Soviet Union (URS)
Larisa Selezneva
Oleg Vitalyevich Makarov
Ice dancing[37]
details
 Great Britain (GBR)
Jayne Torvill
Christopher Dean
 Soviet Union (URS)
Natalia Bestemianova
Andrei Bukin
 Soviet Union (URS)
Marina Klimova
Sergei Ponomarenko

Ice hockey[edit]

A smiling man wearing a dark suit over a light-colored shirt and blue tie. He has short and dark hair with some gray highlights.
Vladislav Tretiak, the Soviet Union ice hockey goaltender, won his third Olympic gold and fourth and last Olympic medal in Sarajevo.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's tournament[38]
details
 Soviet Union (URS)
Vladislav Tretiak
Zinetula Bilyaletdinov
Sergei Shepelev
Nikolai Drozdetsky
Viacheslav Fetisov
Aleksandr Geramisov
Alexei Kasatonov
Andrei Khomutov
Vladimir Kovin
Aleksandr Kozhevnikov
Vladimir Krutov
Igor Larionov
Sergei Makarov
Vladimir Myshkin
Vasili Pervukhin
Aleksandr Skvortsov
Sergei Starikov
Igor Stelnov
Viktor Tyumenev
Mikhail Vasiliev
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)
Milan Chalupa
Jaroslav Benák
Vladimír Caldr
František Černík
Miloslav Hořava
Jiří Hrdina
Arnold Kadlec
Jaroslav Korbela
Jiří Králík
Vladimír Kýhos
Jiří Lála
Igor Liba
Vincent Lukáč
Dušan Pašek
Pavel Richter
Dárius Rusnák
Vladimír Růžička
Jaromír Šindel
Radoslav Svoboda
Eduard Uvíra
 Sweden (SWE)
Thomas Åhlén
Per-Eric Eklund
Thom Eklund
Bo Ericsson
Håkan Eriksson
Peter Gradin
Mats Hessel
Michael Hjälm
Göran Lindblom
Tommy Mörth
Håkan Nordin
Rolf Ridderwall
Jens Öhling
Thomas Rundqvist
Tomas Sandström
Håkan Södergren
Mats Thelin
Michael Thelvén
Mats Waltin
Göte Wälitalo

Luge[edit]

Three men and a woman are lined up side-by-side wearing winter caps and identical winter jackets. They are outdoors and snow is falling.
East Germany's Steffi Martin (second from left), Jörg Hoffmann (second from right) and Jochen Pietzsch (first from right) won the luge women's singles gold and doubles bronze medals, respectively.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's singles[39]
details
Paul Hildgartner
 Italy
Sergey Danilin
 Soviet Union
Valery Dudin
 Soviet Union
Doubles[40]
details
 West Germany (FRG)
Hans Stangassinger
Franz Wembacher
 Soviet Union (URS)
Yevgeny Belousov
Aleksandr Belyakov
 East Germany (GDR)
Jörg Hoffmann
Jochen Pietzsch
Women's singles[41]
details
Steffi Martin
 East Germany
Bettina Schmidt
 East Germany
Ute Weiss
 East Germany

Nordic combined[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's individual[42]
details
Tom Sandberg
 Norway
Jouko Karjalainen
 Finland
Jukka Ylipulli
 Finland

Ski jumping[edit]

A man is shown with a white vest bearing the word Germany and a number printed in black on top of a ski jumping suit. He also wears a ski helmet with attached goggles and holds his skis upright over his left shoulder.
Ski jumper Jens Weißflog of East Germany won the normal hill event over Finland's Matti Nykänen, but could not outpass the Finnish in the large hill.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's normal hill[43]
details
Jens Weißflog
 East Germany
Matti Nykänen
 Finland
Jari Puikkonen
 Finland
Men's large hill[44]
details
Matti Nykänen
 Finland
Jens Weißflog
 East Germany
Pavel Ploc
 Czechoslovakia

Speed skating[edit]

A blond man wears a red winter sports jacket and yellow ski goggles over a white wool head band.
Tomas Gustafson clinched gold and silver in the men's 5,000 and 10,000 metres, to give Sweden its only speed skating medals at the 1984 Games.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's 500 metres[45]
details
Sergey Fokichev
 Soviet Union
Yoshihiro Kitazawa
 Japan
Gaétan Boucher
 Canada
Men's 1,000 metres[46]
details
Gaétan Boucher
 Canada
Sergey Khlebnikov
 Soviet Union
Kai Arne Engelstad
 Norway
Men's 1,500 metres[47]
details
Gaétan Boucher
 Canada
Sergey Khlebnikov
 Soviet Union
Oleg Bozhev
 Soviet Union
Men's 5,000 metres[48]
details
Tomas Gustafson
 Sweden
Igor Malkov
 Soviet Union
René Schöfisch
 East Germany
Men's 10,000 metres[49]
details
Igor Malkov
 Soviet Union
Tomas Gustafson
 Sweden
René Schöfisch
 East Germany
Women's 500 metres[50]
details
Christa Rothenburger
 East Germany
Karin Enke
 East Germany
Natalya Glebova
 Soviet Union
Women's 1,000 metres[51]
details
Karin Enke
 East Germany
Andrea Schöne
 East Germany
Natalya Petrusyova
 Soviet Union
Women's 1,500 metres[52]
details
Karin Enke
 East Germany
Andrea Schöne
 East Germany
Natalya Petrusyova
 Soviet Union
Women's 3,000 metres[53]
details
Andrea Schöne
 East Germany
Karin Enke
 East Germany
Gabi Schönbrunn
 East Germany

Medal leaders[edit]

Four women wearing tracksuits and speed skates are sitting on a bench. Three of them are smiling, and among these, two are tying up their skates while a third one is clapping her hands.
East Germany's speed skaters Andrea Schöne (first from left) and Karin Enke (second from right) stood among the most successful athletes at these Games.

Athletes that won at least two gold medals or at least three total medals are listed below.

Athlete Nation Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Hämäläinen, Marja-LiisaMarja-Liisa Hämäläinen  Finland (FIN) Cross-country skiing 3 0 1 4
Enke, KarinKarin Enke  East Germany (GDR) Speed skating 2 2 0 4
Svan, GundeGunde Svan  Sweden (SWE) Cross-country skiing 2 1 1 4
Boucher, GaétanGaétan Boucher  Canada (CAN) Speed skating 2 0 1 3
Schöne, AndreaAndrea Schöne  East Germany (GDR) Speed skating 1 2 0 3
Angerer, PeterPeter Angerer  West Germany (FRG) Biathlon 1 1 1 3
Kvalfoss, EirikEirik Kvalfoss  Norway (NOR) Biathlon 1 1 1 3
Karvonen, AkiAki Karvonen  Finland (FIN) Cross-country skiing 0 1 2 3
Hoppe, WolfgangWolfgang Hoppe  East Germany (GDR) Bobsleigh 2 0 0 2
Schauerhammer, DietmarDietmar Schauerhammer  East Germany (GDR) Bobsleigh 2 0 0 2
Wassberg, ThomasThomas Wassberg  Sweden (SWE) Cross-country skiing 2 0 0 2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b "Sarajevo 1984 Winter Olympics". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "Honours List for the XIVth Olympic Winter Games" (PDF). Olympic Review (Lausanne: International Olympic Committee) (197): 131. March 1984. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Kubatko, Justin. "1984 Sarajevo Winter Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  4. ^ Callahan, Tom (28 February 1984). "Sport: Something to Shout About". Time (Time Inc.). Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  5. ^ Madigan, Mike (20 February 1984). "Mahre twins finish on top". The Lewiston Daily Sun (Lewiston, Maine). p. 15. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  6. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Biathlon at the 1984 Sarajevo Winter Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  7. ^ Clark, Mike (19 February 1984). "Finnish skier wins her 3rd gold medal". Anchorage Daily News (Anchorage). The Associated Press. p. c–7. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
  8. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Gunde Svan Biography and Olympic Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
  9. ^ Taylor, Terry (19 February 1984). "Sumners gets a 6.0; Witt gets gold medal". The Sunday Union (Junction City, Kansas). The Associated Press. p. 13. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
  10. ^ Taylor, Terry (11 February 1984). "Skaters Torvill, Dean draw perfect scores". Schenectady Gazette (Schenectady, New York). p. 27. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
  11. ^ Leavy, Jane (15 February 1984). "Torvill-Dean win; Hamilton slips slightly". The Washington Post (Washington, D.C.). p. G1. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
  12. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "East Germany Bobsleigh at the 1984 Sarajevo Winter Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
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  14. ^ "1984 Sarajevo – List of Canadian medalists". Olympic.ca. Canadian Olympic Committee. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
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  52. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Speed Skating at the 1984 Sarajevo Winter Games: Women's 1,500 metres". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 August 2011. 
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