List of 1998 Winter Olympics medal winners

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A man, standing, wearing a ski cap.
Bjørn Dæhlie of Norway (pictured here in 2011) won four medals in cross-country skiing in Nagano.

The 1998 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVIII Olympic Winter Games, was a winter multi-sport event held in Nagano, Japan, from 7 to 22 February 1998.[1] A total of 2,176 athletes representing 72 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participated in the Games in 68 events across 14 disciplines.[2]

The discipline of snowboarding made its debut, with four events contested, two for men and two for women.[3] Additionally, the Olympic program saw the addition of a women's tournament in ice hockey, the first time that women had participated in that sport in Olympic history.[4] At the time, it was believed that curling made its debut as a medal event, having been a demonstration sport three times at the 1932, 1988, and 1992 Winter Olympics;[5] however, in 2006, the International Olympic Committee ruled that the 1924 Olympic tournament in Chamonix, France, had been an official medal event,[6] retroactively making the Nagano tournament the second time curling has been contested for official medals.[5]

Germany won the most medals, with 29, and the most gold medals, with 12. Norway finished second in both tallies, with 10 gold medals and 25 medals of all colors. Of the 72 NOCs to participate at Nagano, 24 won at least one medal, 15 of those won at least one gold medal.[7] Denmark, participating in a Winter Olympic Games for the ninth time, won its first-ever medal at a Winter Olympics.[8][9] Bulgaria and the Czech Republic won their first Winter Olympic gold medals in Nagano. The Czech Republic had previously won two gold medals as part of Czechoslovakia,[10] and Bulgaria had won a bronze medal in the 1980 Winter Olympics.[11]

Larisa Lazutina of Russia won five medals, the most of any competitor; she won three golds, a silver, and a bronze medal in cross-country skiing, winning a medal in every women's event in her sport.[12] Norwegian cross-country skier Bjørn Dæhlie won four medals, including three golds. A further nine competitors earned three medals apiece, with forty-seven total individuals winning multiple medals.[13]

Alpine skiing[edit]

A man stands, faces right, and has a microphone held in front of him.
Hermann Maier, here pictured in 2009, won two gold medals at the 1998 Games.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's downhill[14]
details
Jean-Luc Crétier
 France
Lasse Kjus
 Norway
Hannes Trinkl
 Austria
Men's slalom[15]
details
Hans Petter Buraas
 Norway
Ole Kristian Furuseth
 Norway
Thomas Sykora
 Austria
Men's giant slalom[16]
details
Hermann Maier
 Austria
Stephan Eberharter
 Austria
Michael von Grünigen
 Switzerland
Men's super-G[17]
details
Hermann Maier
 Austria
Didier Cuche
 Switzerland
None awarded[a]
Hans Knauß
 Austria
Men's combined[18]
details
Mario Reiter
 Austria
Lasse Kjus
 Norway
Christian Mayer
 Austria
Women's downhill[19]
details
Katja Seizinger
 Germany
Pernilla Wiberg
 Sweden
Florence Masnada
 France
Women's slalom[20]
details
Hilde Gerg
 Germany
Deborah Compagnoni
 Italy
Zali Steggall
 Australia
Women's giant slalom[21]
details
Deborah Compagnoni
 Italy
Alexandra Meissnitzer
 Austria
Katja Seizinger
 Germany
Women's super-G[22]
details
Picabo Street
 United States
Michaela Dorfmeister
 Austria
Alexandra Meissnitzer
 Austria
Women's combined[23]
details
Katja Seizinger
 Germany
Martina Ertl
 Germany
Hilde Gerg
 Germany

Biathlon[edit]

A woman stands infront of a background and smiles for photographs.
Uschi Disl won three medals in biathlon at Nagano.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's 20 km[24]
details
Halvard Hanevold
 Norway
Pieralberto Carrara
 Italy
Alexei Aidarov
 Belarus
Men's 10 km[25]
details
Ole Einar Bjørndalen
 Norway
Frode Andresen
 Norway
Ville Räikkönen
 Finland
Men's 4 × 7.5 km
details
 Germany (GER)[26]
Ricco Groß
Peter Sendel
Sven Fischer
Frank Luck
 Norway (NOR)[27]
Egil Gjelland
Halvard Hanevold
Dag Bjørndalen
Ole Einar Bjørndalen
 Russia (RUS)[28]
Pavel Muslimov
Vladimir Drachev
Sergei Tarasov
Viktor Maigourov
Women's 15 km[29]
details
Ekaterina Dafovska
 Bulgaria
Olena Petrova
 Ukraine
Uschi Disl
 Germany
Women's 7.5 km[30]
details
Galina Koukleva
 Russia
Uschi Disl
 Germany
Katrin Apel
 Germany
Women's 4 × 7.5 km
details
 Germany (GER)[26]
Uschi Disl
Martina Zellner
Katrin Apel
Petra Behle
 Russia (RUS)[28]
Olga Melnik
Galina Koukleva
Albina Akhatova
Olga Romasko
 Norway (NOR)[27]
Ann-Elen Skjelbreid
Annette Sikveland
Gunn Margit Andreassen
Liv Grete Skjelbreid Poirée

Bobsleigh[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Two-man
details
 Canada (CAN)[31]
Pierre Lueders
David MacEachern
none awarded[b]  Germany (GER)[32]
Christoph Langen
Markus Zimmermann
 Italy (ITA)[33]
Günther Huber
Antonio Tartaglia
Four-man
details
 Germany (GER)[32]
Christoph Langen
Markus Zimmermann
Marco Jakobs
Olaf Hampel
 Switzerland (SUI)[34]
Marcel Rohner
Markus Nüssli
Markus Wasser
Beat Seitz
 France (FRA)[35]
Bruno Mingeon
Emmanuel Hostache
Éric Le Chanony
Max Robert
 Great Britain (GBR)[36]
Sean Olsson
Dean Ward
Courtney Rumbolt
Paul Attwood

Cross-country skiing[edit]

A standing blonde woman
Kateřina Neumannová won a silver medal in the 5 km classical race.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's 10 km classical[37]
details
Bjørn Dæhlie
 Norway
Markus Gandler
 Austria
Mika Myllylä
 Finland
Men's 15 km freestyle pursuit[38]
details
Thomas Alsgaard
 Norway
Bjørn Dæhlie
 Norway
Vladimir Smirnov
 Kazakhstan
Men's 30 km classical[39]
details
Mika Myllylä
 Finland
Erling Jevne
 Norway
Silvio Fauner
 Italy
Men's 50 km freestyle[40]
details
Bjørn Dæhlie
 Norway
Niklas Jonsson
 Sweden
Christian Hoffmann
 Austria
Men's 4 × 10 km relay
details
 Norway (NOR)[41]
Sture Sivertsen
Erling Jevne
Bjørn Dæhlie
Thomas Alsgaard
 Italy (ITA)[42]
Marco Albarello
Fulvio Valbusa
Fabio Maj
Silvio Fauner
 Finland (FIN)[43]
Harri Kirvesniemi
Mika Myllylä
Sami Repo
Jari Isometsä
Women's 5 km classical[44]
details
Larisa Lazutina
 Russia
Kateřina Neumannová
 Czech Republic
Bente Martinsen
 Norway
Women's Combined 5 km + 10 km pursuit[45]
details
Larisa Lazutina
 Russia
Olga Danilova
 Russia
Kateřina Neumannová
 Czech Republic
Women's 15 km classical[46]
details
Olga Danilova
 Russia
Larisa Lazutina
 Russia
Anita Moen-Guidon
 Norway
Women's 30 km freestyle[47]
details
Yuliya Chepalova
 Russia
Stefania Belmondo
 Italy
Larisa Lazutina
 Russia
Women's 4 × 5 km relay
details
 Russia (RUS)[48]
Nina Gavrilyuk
Olga Danilova
Yelena Välbe
Larisa Lazutina
 Norway (NOR)[41]
Bente Martinsen
Marit Mikkelsplass
Elin Nilsen
Anita Moen-Guidon
 Italy (ITA)[42]
Karin Moroder
Gabriella Paruzzi
Manuela Di Centa
Stefania Belmondo

Curling[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's
details
 Switzerland (SUI)[49]
Patrick Hürlimann
Patrik Lörtscher
Daniel Müller
Diego Perren
Dominic Andres
 Canada (CAN)[50]
Mike Harris
Richard Hart
George Karrys
Collin Mitchell
Paul Savage
 Norway (NOR)[51]
Eigil Ramsfjell
Jan Thoresen
Stig-Arne Gunnestad
Anthon Grimsmo
Tore Torvbråten
Women's
details
 Canada (CAN)[50]
Sandra Schmirler
Jan Betker
Joan McCusker
Marcia Gudereit
Atina Ford
 Denmark (DEN)[52]
Helena Blach Lavrsen
Margit Pörtner
Dorthe Holm
Trine Qvist
Jane Bidstrup
 Sweden (SWE)[53]
Elisabet Gustafson
Katarina Nyberg
Louise Marmont
Elisabeth Persson
Margaretha Lindahl

Figure skating[edit]

An Asian woman talking.
Michelle Kwan, silver medalist in ladies' singles
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's singles[54]
details
Ilia Kulik
 Russia
Elvis Stojko
 Canada
Philippe Candeloro
 France
Ladies' singles[55]
details
Tara Lipinski
 United States
Michelle Kwan
 United States
Chen Lu
 China
Pairs
details
 Russia (RUS)[56]
Oksana Kazakova
Artur Dmitriev
 Russia (RUS)[56]
Elena Berezhnaya
Anton Sikharulidze
 Germany (GER)[57]
Mandy Wötzel
Ingo Steuer
Ice dancing
details
 Russia (RUS)[56]
Pasha Grishuk
Evgeny Platov
 Russia (RUS)[56]
Anjelika Krylova
Oleg Ovsyannikov
 France (FRA)[58]
Marina Anissina
Gwendal Peizerat

Freestyle skiing[edit]

A smiling blonde woman
Kari Traa, bronze medalist in moguls
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's moguls[59]
details
Jonny Moseley
 United States
Janne Lahtela
 Finland
Sami Mustonen
 Finland
Men's aerials[60]
details
Eric Bergoust
 United States
Sébastien Foucras
 France
Dmitri Dashinski
 Belarus
Women's moguls[61]
details
Tae Satoya
 Japan
Tatjana Mittermayer
 Germany
Kari Traa
 Norway
Women's aerials[62]
details
Nikki Stone
 United States
Xu Nannan
 China
Colette Brand
 Switzerland

Ice hockey[edit]

A woman smiles into the camera
Angela Ruggiero was part of the United States gold medal winning ice hockey team.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's team
details
 Czech Republic (CZE)[63]
Josef Beránek
Jan Čaloun
Roman Čechmánek
Jiří Dopita
Roman Hamrlík
Dominik Hašek
Milan Hejduk
Jaromír Jágr
František Kučera
Robert Lang
David Moravec
Pavel Patera
Libor Procházka
Martin Procházka
Robert Reichel
Martin Ručínský
Vladimír Růžička
Jiří Šlégr
Richard Šmehlík
Jaroslav Špaček
Martin Straka
Petr Svoboda
 Russia (RUS)[64]
Pavel Bure
Valeri Bure
Sergei Fedorov
Sergei Gonchar
Alexei Gusarov
Valeri Kamensky
Darius Kasparaitis
Andrei Kovalenko
Igor Kravchuk
Sergei Krivokrasov
Boris Mironov
Dmitri Mironov
Aleksey Morozov
Sergei Nemchinov
Oleg Shevtsov
Mikhail Shtalenkov
German Titov
Andrei Trefilov
Alexei Yashin
Dmitri Yushkevich
Valeri Zelepukin
Alexei Zhamnov
Alexei Zhitnik
 Finland (FIN)[65]
Aki-Petteri Berg
Tuomas Grönman
Raimo Helminen
Sami Kapanen
Saku Koivu
Jari Kurri
Janne Laukkanen
Jere Lehtinen
Juha Lind
Jyrki Lumme
Jarmo Myllys
Mika Nieminen
Janne Niinimaa
Teppo Numminen
Ville Peltonen
Kimmo Rintanen
Teemu Selänne
Ari Sulander
Jukka Tammi
Esa Tikkanen
Kimmo Timonen
Antti Törmänen
Juha Ylönen
Women's team
details
 United States (USA)[66]
Chris Bailey
Laurie Baker
Alana Blahoski
Lisa Brown-Miller
Karyn Bye
Colleen Coyne
Sara Decosta
Tricia Dunn-Luoma
Cammi Granato
Katie King
Shelley Looney
Sue Merz
Allison Mleczko
Tara Mounsey
Vicki Movsessian
Jenny Potter
Angela Ruggiero
Sarah Tueting
Gretchen Ulion
Sandra Whyte
 Canada (CAN)[67]
Jennifer Botterill
Thérèse Brisson
Cassie Campbell
Judy Diduck
Nancy Drolet
Lori Dupuis
Danielle Goyette
Geraldine Heaney
Jayna Hefford
Becky Kellar
Kathy McCormack
Karen Nystrom
Lesley Reddon
Manon Rhéaume
Laura Schuler
Fiona Smith
France St-Louis
Vicky Sunohara
Hayley Wickenheiser
Stacy Wilson
 Finland (FIN)[65]
Sari Fisk
Kirsi Hänninen
Satu Huotari
Marianne Ihalainen
Johanna Ikonen
Sari Krooks
Emma Laaksonen
Sanna Lankosaari
Katja Lehto
Marika Lehtimäki
Riikka Nieminen
Marja-Helena Pälvilä
Tuula Puputti
Karoliina Rantamäki
Tiia Reima
Katja Riipi
Päivi Salo
Maria Selin
Liisa-Maria Sneck
Petra Vaarakallio

Luge[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's singles[68]
details
Georg Hackl
 Germany
Armin Zöggeler
 Italy
Jens Müller
 Germany
Women's singles[69]
details
Silke Kraushaar
 Germany
Barbara Niedernhuber
 Germany
Angelika Neuner
 Austria
Men's doubles
details
Stefan Krauße
and Jan Behrendt
 Germany[70]
Chris Thorpe
and Gordon Sheer
 United States[71]
Mark Grimmette
and Brian Martin
 United States[71]

Nordic combined[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Individual[72]
details
Bjarte Engen Vik
 Norway
Samppa Lajunen
 Finland
Valeri Stolyarov
 Russia
Team
details
 Norway (NOR)[73]
Halldor Skard
Kenneth Braaten
Bjarte Engen Vik
Fred Børre Lundberg
 Finland (FIN)[74]
Samppa Lajunen
Jari Mantila
Tapio Nurmela
Hannu Manninen
 France (FRA)[75]
Sylvain Guillaume
Nicolas Bal
Ludovic Roux
Fabrice Guy

Short track speed skating[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's 500 m[76]
details
Takafumi Nishitani
 Japan
An Yulong
 China
Hitoshi Uematsu
 Japan
Men's 1,000 m[77]
details
Kim Dong-sung
 South Korea
Li Jiajun
 China
Éric Bédard
 Canada
Men's 5,000 m relay
details
 Canada (CAN)[78]
Éric Bédard
Derrick Campbell
François Drolet
Marc Gagnon
 South Korea (KOR)[79]
Chae Ji-hoon
Lee Jun-hwan
Lee Ho-eung
Kim Dong-sung
 China (CHN)[80]
Li Jiajun
Feng Kai
Yuan Ye
An Yulong
Women's 500 m[81]
details
Annie Perreault
 Canada
Yang Yang (S)
 China
Chun Lee-kyung
 South Korea
Women's 1,000 m[82]
details
Chun Lee-kyung
 South Korea
Yang Yang (S)
 China
Won Hye-kyung
 South Korea
Women's 3,000 m relay
details
 South Korea (KOR)[79]
Chun Lee-kyung
Won Hye-kyung
An Sang-mi
Kim Yun-mi
 China (CHN)[80]
Yang Yang (A)
Yang Yang (S)
Wang Chunlu
Sun Dandan
 Canada (CAN)[78]
Christine Boudrias
Isabelle Charest
Annie Perreault
Tania Vicent

Ski jumping[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Individual, normal hill[83]
details
Jani Soininen
 Finland
Kazuyoshi Funaki
 Japan
Andreas Widhölzl
 Austria
Individual, large hill[84]
details
Kazuyoshi Funaki
 Japan
Jani Soininen
 Finland
Masahiko Harada
 Japan
Team
details
 Japan (JPN)[85]
Takanobu Okabe
Hiroya Saitō
Masahiko Harada
Kazuyoshi Funaki
 Germany (GER)[86]
Sven Hannawald
Martin Schmitt
Hansjörg Jäkle
Dieter Thoma
 Austria (AUT)[87]
Reinhard Schwarzenberger
Martin Höllwarth
Stefan Horngacher
Andreas Widhölzl

Snowboarding[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's halfpipe[88]
details
Gian Simmen
 Switzerland
Daniel Franck
 Norway
Ross Powers
 United States
Men's giant slalom[89]
details
Ross Rebagliati
 Canada
Thomas Prugger
 Italy
Ueli Kestenholz
 Switzerland
Women's halfpipe[90]
details
Nicola Thost
 Germany
Stine Brun Kjeldaas
 Norway
Shannon Dunn-Downing
 United States
Women's giant slalom[91]
details
Karine Ruby
 France
Heidi Maria Renoth
 Germany
Brigitte Köck
 Austria

Speed skating[edit]

A woman standson the ice in speed-skating competition wear.
Marianne Timmer won gold in the middle-distance races of 1,000 and 1,500 metres.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's 500 m[92]
details
Hiroyasu Shimizu
 Japan
Jeremy Wotherspoon
 Canada
Kevin Overland
 Canada
Men's 1,000 m[93]
details
Ids Postma
 Netherlands
Jan Bos
 Netherlands
Hiroyasu Shimizu
 Japan
Men's 1,500 m[94]
details
Ådne Søndrål
 Norway
Ids Postma
 Netherlands
Rintje Ritsma
 Netherlands
Men's 5,000 m[95]
details
Gianni Romme
 Netherlands
Rintje Ritsma
 Netherlands
Bart Veldkamp
 Belgium
Men's 10,000 m[96]
details
Gianni Romme
 Netherlands
Bob de Jong
 Netherlands
Rintje Ritsma
 Netherlands
Women's 500 m[97]
details
Catriona Le May Doan
 Canada
Susan Auch
 Canada
Tomomi Okazaki
 Japan
Women's 1,000 m[98]
details
Marianne Timmer
 Netherlands
Christine Witty
 United States
Catriona Le May Doan
 Canada
Women's 1,500 m[99]
details
Marianne Timmer
 Netherlands
Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann
 Germany
Christine Witty
 United States
Women's 3,000 m[100]
details
Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann
 Germany
Claudia Pechstein
 Germany
Anni Friesinger
 Germany
Women's 5,000 m[101]
details
Claudia Pechstein
 Germany
Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann
 Germany
Lyudmila Prokasheva
 Kazakhstan

Multiple medalists[edit]

Athletes who won three or more medals during the 1998 Winter Olympics are listed below.[13]

Athlete Nation Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Larisa Lazutina  Russia (RUS) Cross-country skiing 3 1 1 5
Bjørn Dæhlie  Norway (NOR) Cross-country skiing 3 1 0 4
Olga Danilova  Russia (RUS) Cross-country skiing 2 1 0 3
Kazuyoshi Funaki  Japan (JPN) Ski jumping 2 1 0 3
Chun Lee-kyung  South Korea (KOR) Short track speed skating 2 0 1 3
Katja Seizinger  Germany (GER) Alpine skiing 2 0 1 3
Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann  Germany (GER) Speed skating 1 2 0 3
Uschi Disl  Germany (GER) Biathlon 1 1 1 3
Mika Myllylä  Finland (FIN) Cross-country skiing 1 0 2 3
Yang Yang (S)  China (CHN) Short track speed skating 0 3 0 3
Rintje Ritsma  Netherlands (NED) Short track speed skating 0 1 2 3

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • a No bronze medal was awarded in this event because two competitors tied for second place with a time of 1 minute, 35.43 seconds.[17]
  • b No silver medal was awarded in this event because Italy and Canada tied for first place with a time of 3 minutes, 37.24 seconds.[102]

References[edit]

General
  • "Results and Medalists—1998 Winter". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.
Specific
  1. ^ The Organizing Committee for the XVIII Olympic Winter Games, Nagano 1998 (1998). The XVIII Olympic Winter Games Official Report – Volume I (PDF). Nagano, Japan: LA84 Foundation. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 May 2010. Retrieved 18 January 2010.
  2. ^ "Nagano 1998 Winter Olympics – results & video highlights". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  3. ^ Litsky, Frank (1 February 1998). "Nagano '98; Snowboarding". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 27 May 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  4. ^ Walker, Teresa (5 January 2018). "Canadian women know what's expected in hockey". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  5. ^ a b Kubatko, Justin. "Curling at the 1998 Nagano Winter Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 7 July 2017. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  6. ^ "Scotland Wins an Olympic Gold... 82 Years Later". The Herald. Glasgow, Scotland. 23 January 2006. p. 16.
  7. ^ "1998 Medal Count". CNN Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Denmark and the Olympic Games". denmark.dk. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. Archived from the original on 6 July 2017. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  9. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Denmark". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 9 June 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  10. ^ Druzin, Randi (23 February 1998). "The XVIII Winter Games: Ice Hockey; In Prague, 70,000 Fans Gather to Savor Moment". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  11. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Bulgaria". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 13 June 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  12. ^ Grasso, John; Mallon, Bill (2015). Historical Dictionary of the Olympic Movement (5th ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. p. 331. ISBN 978-1442248595.
  13. ^ a b Kubatko, Justin. "1998 Nagano Winter Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 12 July 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  14. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Alpine Skiing at the 1998 Nagano Winter Games: Men's Downhill". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 4 July 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  15. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Alpine Skiing at the 1998 Nagano Winter Games: Men's Slalom". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 2 July 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  16. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Alpine Skiing at the 1998 Nagano Winter Games: Men's Giant Slalom". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 30 June 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  17. ^ a b Kubatko, Justin. "Alpine Skiing at the 1998 Nagano Winter Games: Men's Super-G". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 4 July 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  18. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Alpine Skiing at the 1998 Nagano Winter Games: Men's Combined". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 4 July 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  19. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Alpine Skiing at the 1998 Nagano Winter Games: Women's Downhill". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  20. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Alpine Skiing at the 1998 Nagano Winter Games: Women's Slalom". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 2 January 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  21. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Alpine Skiing at the 1998 Nagano Winter Games: Women's Giant Slalom". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 30 June 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  22. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Alpine Skiing at the 1998 Nagano Winter Games: Women's Super-G". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  23. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Alpine Skiing at the 1998 Nagano Winter Games: Women's Combined". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  24. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Biathlon at the 1998 Nagano Winter Games: Men's 20 kilometres". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 2 July 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  25. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Biathlon at the 1998 Nagano Winter Games: Men's 10 kilometres Sprint". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 2 July 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  26. ^ a b Kubatko, Justin. "Germany Biathlon at the 1998 Nagano Winter Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 10 July 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
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