List of 19th-century religious leaders

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List of 18th-century religious leadersList of 20th-century religious leadersLists of religious leaders by century
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This is a list of the top-level leaders for religious groups with at least 50,000 adherents, and that led anytime from January 1, 1801, to December 31, 1900. It should likewise only name leaders listed on other articles and lists.

Buddhism[edit]

Tibetan Buddhism[edit]

  • Tibetan Buddhism, Mongolia –
  • Luvsantüvdenvanchug, (1775–1813)
  • Luvsanchültimjigmed, (1815–1841)
  • Luvsantüvdenchoyjijaltsan, (1843–1848)
  • Agvaanchoyjivanchugperenlaijamts, (1850–1868)
  • Agvaanluvsanchoyjindanzanvaanchigbalsambuu (1870–1924)

Christianity[edit]

Catholicism[edit]

Eastern Orthodoxy[edit]

  • Neophytus VII, Ecumenical Patriarch (1789–1794, 1798–1801)
  • Callinicus V, Ecumenical Patriarch (1801–1806, 1808–1809)
  • Gregory V, Ecumenical Patriarch (1797–1798, 1806–1808, 1818–1821)
  • Jeremias IV, Ecumenical Patriarch (1809–1813)
  • Cyril VI, Ecumenical Patriarch (1813–1818)
  • Eugenius II, Ecumenical Patriarch (1821–1822)
  • Anthimus III, Ecumenical Patriarch (1822–1824)
  • Chrysanthus I, Ecumenical Patriarch (1824–1826)
  • Agathangelus I, Ecumenical Patriarch (1826–1830)
  • Constantius I, Ecumenical Patriarch (1830–1834)
  • Constantius II, Ecumenical Patriarch (1834–1835)
  • Gregory VI, Ecumenical Patriarch (1835–1840)
  • Anthimus IV, Ecumenical Patriarch (1840–1841)
  • Anthimus V, Ecumenical Patriarch (1841–1842)
  • Germanus IV, Ecumenical Patriarch (1842–1845)
  • Meletius III, Ecumenical Patriarch (1845)
  • Anthimus VI, Ecumenical Patriarch (1845–1848)
  • Anthimus IV (1848–1852), restored
  • Germanus IV (1852–1853), restored
  • Anthimus VI (1853–1855), restored 1st time
  • Cyril VII, Ecumenical Patriarch (1855–1860)
  • Joachim II, Ecumenical Patriarch (1860–1863)
  • Sophronius III, Ecumenical Patriarch (1863–1866)
  • Gregory VI (1867–1871), restored
  • Anthimus VI (1871–1873), restored 2nd time
  • Joachim II (1873–1878), restored
  • Joachim III, Ecumenical Patriarch (1878–1884, 1901–1912)
  • Joachim IV, Ecumenical Patriarch (1884–1887)
  • Dionysius V, Ecumenical Patriarch (1887–1891)
  • Neophytus VIII, Ecumenical Patriarch (1891–1894)
  • Anthimus VII, Ecumenical Patriarch (1895–1896)
  • Constantine V, Ecumenical Patriarch (1897–1901)
  • Platon II, Metropolitan of Moscow (1775–1811)
  • Avgustin, Metropolitan of Moscow (1811–1819)
  • Serafim, Metropolitan of Moscow (1819–1821)
  • Filaret, Metropolitan of Moscow (1821–1867)
  • Innokenty, Metropolitan of Moscow (1868–1879)
  • Makary I, Metropolitan of Moscow (1879–1882)
  • Ioanniky, Metropolitan of Moscow (1882–1891)
  • Leonty, Metropolitan of Moscow (1891–1893)
  • Sergy, Metropolitan of Moscow (1893–1898)
  • Vladimir, Metropolitan of Moscow (1898–1912)
  • Amvrosy, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1799–1818)
  • Mikhail, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1818–1821)
  • Serafim, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1821–1843)
  • Antony, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1843–1848)
  • Nikanor, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1848–1856)
  • Grigory, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1856–1860)
  • Isidor, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1860–1892)
  • Pallady, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1892–1898)
  • Antony, Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1899–1912)
  • Dositheos, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1793–1810)
  • Ignatios II, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1810–1812)
  • Nektarios, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1812–1819)
  • Dionysios II, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1819–1821)
  • Grigorios III, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1823–1834)
  • Commission, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1834–1840)
  • Ilarion of Arges, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (0–0)
  • Neophytos of Ramnic, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (0–0)
  • Kaisarios of Buzău, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (0–0)
  • Neophytos II, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1840–1849)
  • Nifon II, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1850–1865)
  • Nifon, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia and Primate of All Romania (1865–1875)
  • Calinic, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia and Primate of All Romania (1875–1886)
  • Iosif, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia and Primate of All Romania (1886–1893)
  • Ghenadie, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia and Primate of All Romania (1893–1896)
  • Iosif, Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia and Primate of All Romania (1896–1909)
  • Mattheos, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1797–1802)
  • Daniil, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1802–1805)
  • Makarios II, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1806–1817)
  • Ioannikios, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1817–1821)
  • Ilarion, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1821–1827)
  • Konstantios, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1827–1830)
  • Ilarion, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1830–1838)
  • Panaretos, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1838–1840)
  • Neophytos, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1840–1846)
  • Athanasios II, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1846–1848)
  • Neophytos, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1848–1858)
  • Grigorios, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1858–1878)
  • ?, Metropolitan of Turnovo (1872–0)
  • Ilarion, Exarch of the Bulgarian (1872–1872)
  • Antim, Exarch of the Bulgarian (1872–1877)
  • Iosif, Exarch of the Bulgarian (1877–1915)
  • Anton II, Catholicos-Patriarch of Georgia (1788–1811)
  • Varlaam, Exarch of Georgia (1811–1817)
  • Theophilakt, Exarch of Georgia (1817–1821)
  • Iona, Exarch of Georgia (1821–1832)
  • Moisey, Exarch of Georgia (1832–1834)
  • Evgeniy, Exarch of Georgia (1834–1844)
  • Isidor, Exarch of Georgia (1844–1858)
  • Evseviy, Exarch of Georgia (1858–1877)
  • Ioannikiy, Exarch of Georgia (1877–1882)
  • Pavel, Exarch of Georgia (1882–1887)
  • Palladiy, Exarch of Georgia (1887–1892)
  • Vladimir, Exarch of Georgia (1892–1898)
  • Flavian, Exarch of Georgia (1898–1901)
  • Chrysanthos, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1784–1810)
  • Kyprianos, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1810–1821)
  • Ioakim, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1821–1824)
  • Damaskinos, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1824–1827)
  • Panaretos, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1827–1840)
  • Ioannikios, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1840–1849)
  • Kyrillos I, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1849–1854)
  • Makarios I, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1854–1865)
  • Sophronios III, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1865–1900)
  • vacant, Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1900–1908)
  • Misail, Metropolitan of Athens and All Greece (1862–1862)
  • Theophilos, Metropolitan of Athens and All Greece (1862–1873)
  • Efthymios, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1783–1805)
  • Samouil, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1805–1820)
  • Chrysanthos, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1820–1833)
  • Gerasimos, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1833–1837)
  • Anthimos II, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (0–1844)
  • Anthimos III, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1844–1845)
  • Ioannikios, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1845–1858)
  • Gennadios, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1858–1858)
  • Afxentios, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1858–1859)
  • Iosiph, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1859–1867)
  • Vissarion, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1867–1899)
  • Prokopios, Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1899–1906)
  • Nicholas, Bishop (1880–1906)
  • Nicholas, Metropolitan of All Japan (1906–1912)
  • Gavriil II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1799–1803)
  • Serapion, Metropolitan of Kiev (1803–1822)
  • Eugene, Metropolitan of Kiev (1822–1837)
  • Filaret I, Metropolitan of Kiev (1837–1858)
  • Isidor, Metropolitan of Kiev (1858–1860)
  • Arseniy II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1860–1876)
  • Filofei, Metropolitan of Kiev (1876–1882)
  • Plato, Metropolitan of Kiev (1882–1891)
  • Ioannikiy, Metropolitan of Kiev (1891–1900)
  • Feognost II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1900–1903)

Oriental Orthodoxy[edit]

  • Hovsep' Arlut'ean, Catholicose of All Armenian (1800–1801)
  • Dawit' V, Catholicose of All Armenian (1801–1807)
  • Daniel (in opposition), Catholicose of All Armenian (1802–1808)
  • Yeprem, Catholicose of All Armenian (1810–1830)
  • Hovhannes VIII, Catholicose of All Armenian (1831–1842)
  • Nerses V, Catholicose of All Armenian (1843–1857)
  • Matevos I, Catholicose of All Armenian (1858–1865)
  • Gevorg IV, Catholicose of All Armenian (1866–1882)
  • vacant, Catholicose of All Armenian (1882–1885)
  • Makar, Catholicose of All Armenian (1885–1891)
  • Mkrtich, Catholicose of All Armenian (1892–1907)
  • Mark VIII, Pope and Patriarch (1797–1810)
  • Peter VII, Pope and Patriarch (1810–1852)
  • vacant (1852–1854)
  • Cyril IV, Pope and Patriarch (1854–1861)
  • Demetrius II, Pope and Patriarch (1862–1870)
  • Markos of Alexandria and Beheirah, Pope and Patriarch (1870–1874)
  • Cyril V, Pope and Patriarch (1874–1927)
  • Yusab, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1770–1803)
  • Makari, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1808–0)
  • Kyrillos, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1816–1829)
  • Selama III, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1841–1866)
  • Athanasios, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1868–1876)
  • Petros, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1876–1889)
  • Mattheos, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1889–1926)

Protestantism[edit]

Baptist[edit]

Lutheran[edit]

Methodist[edit]

  • President
  • John Walton, President (1883–1885)
  • Richard Ridgill, President (1885–1886)
  • Fredrick Mason, President (1886–1887)
  • Robert Lamplough, President (1887–1888)
  • Henry Tindall, President (1888–1889)
  • J Smith Spencer, President (1889–1890)
  • S Evans Rowe, President (1890–1891)
  • Peter Hargreaves, President (1891–1892)
  • James Scott, President (1892–1893)
  • James Thompson, President (1893–1894)
  • Theophilus Chubb, President (1894–1895)
  • Erza Nuttal, President (1895–1896)
  • Philip Tearle, President (1896–1897)
  • James Scott, President (1897–1898)
  • James Thompson, President (1898–1899)
  • William Wynne, President (1899–1900)
  • William B Rayner, President (1900–1901)
  • General Secretary
  • Robert Lamplough, General Secretary (1883–1887)
  • J Smith Spencer, General Secretary (1887–1889)
  • James Scott, General Secretary (1889–1892)
  • James Thompson, General Secretary (1892–1893)
  • Theophilus Chubb, General Secretary (1893–1894)
  • Philip Tearle, General Secretary (1894–1896)
  • John E Parsonson, General Secretary (1896–1899)
  • Alfred T Rhodes, General Secretary (1899–1901)
  • James M. Thoburn, Bishop and Superintendent (1888–1904)

Other Protestant[edit]

Anglicanism[edit]

  • Titular leadership –

Other Christian or Christian-derived faiths[edit]

Islam[edit]

  • Ottoman Caliphate -
  • Selim III, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (1789–1807)
  • Mustafa IV, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (1807–1808)
  • Mahmud II, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (1808–1839)
  • Abdülmecid I, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (1839–1861)
  • Abdülaziz, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (1861–1876)
  • Murad V, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (1876)
  • Abdul Hamid II, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (1876–1909)

Judaism and related[edit]

  • Ottoman Empire –

Other[edit]

Bahá'í[edit]

  • Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith (1863–1892)
  • `Abdu'l-Bahá, successor and head of the Bahá'í Faith (1892–1921)

Jainism[edit]

  • Bhiksu, Leader (Acarya) (1760–1803)
  • Bharimal, Leader (Acarya) (1803–1821)
  • Raycand, Leader (Acarya) (1821–1850)
  • Jitmal, Leader (Acarya) (1851–1881)
  • Maghraj, Leader (Acarya) (1881–1892)
  • Maniklal, Leader (Acarya) (1892–1897)
  • Dalcand, Leader (Acarya) (1897–1909)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]