Lists of 21st-century earthquakes

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Earthquakes of magnitude 8.0 and greater from 1900 to 2018. The apparent 3D volumes of the bubbles are linearly proportional to their respective fatalities.[1]
Animated Map of all world earthquakes from 2001-2015

The following is a summary of significant earthquakes during the 21st century. In terms of fatalities, the 2010 Haiti earthquake was the most destructive event, followed by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, 2005 Pakistan earthquake and 2008 Sichuan earthquake.

List of deadliest earthquakes[edit]

Rank Fatalities Magnitude Location Event Date
1 316,000 7.0 Haiti Haiti 2010 Haiti earthquake January 12, 2010
2 227,898 9.1 Indonesia Indonesia, Indian Ocean 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami December 26, 2004
3 87,587 7.9 China China 2008 Sichuan earthquake May 12, 2008
4 87,351 7.6 Pakistan Pakistan 2005 Kashmir earthquake October 8, 2005
5 26,271 6.6 Iran Iran 2003 Bam earthquake December 26, 2003
6 20,896 9.0 Japan Japan 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami March 11, 2011
7 20,085 7.7 India India 2001 Gujarat earthquake January 26, 2001
8 8,964 7.8 Nepal Nepal 2015 Nepal earthquake April 25, 2015
9 5,782 6.4 Indonesia Indonesia 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake May 26, 2006
10 4,340 7.5 Indonesia Indonesia 2018 Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami September 28, 2018
11 2,968 6.9 China China 2010 Yushu earthquake April 13, 2010
12 2,266 6.8 Algeria Algeria 2003 Boumerdès earthquake May 21, 2003
13 1,313 8.6 Indonesia Indonesia 2005 Nias-Simeulue earthquake March 28, 2005
14 1,115 7.6 Indonesia Indonesia 2009 Sumatra earthquake September 30, 2009
15 1,000 7.4 Afghanistan Afghanistan 2002 Hindu Kush earthquakes March 3, 2002

List of largest earthquakes by magnitude[edit]

Rank Magnitude Event Location Date
1 9.1 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake Indonesia Indonesia, Sumatra, Indian Ocean, December 26, 2004
2 9.0 2011 Tōhoku earthquake Japan Japan, Tōhoku, Pacific Ocean March 11, 2011
3 8.8 2010 Chile earthquake Chile Chile, Maule February 27, 2010
4 8.6 2005 Nias-Simeulue earthquake Indonesia Indonesia, Sumatra March 28, 2005
4 8.6 2012 Aceh earthquake Indonesia Indonesia, Sumatra April 11, 2012
6 8.5 September 2007 Sumatra earthquake Indonesia Indonesia, Sumatra September 12, 2007
  • Note: At least 8.5+ magnitude

List of costliest earthquakes[edit]

Rank Damage (USD) Magnitude Event Location Date
1 $360 b 9.0 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami  Japan March 11, 2011
2 $150 b 7.9 2008 Sichuan earthquake  China May 12, 2008
3 $40 b 6.1 2011 Christchurch earthquake  New Zealand February 22
4 $28 b 6.8 2004 Chūetsu earthquake  Japan October 23, 2004
5 $16 b 6.3 2009 L'Aquila earthquake  Italy April 6, 2009
6 $15.8 b 5.8 2012 Emilia earthquake  Italy May 20, 2012
7 $15—$30 b 8.8 2010 Chile earthquake  Chile February 27, 2010
8 $10 b 7.8 2015 Nepal earthquake    Nepal April 25, 2015
9 $7.8—8.5 b 7.0 2010 Haiti earthquake  Haiti January 12, 2010
10 $7.5 b 7.0 2016 Kumamoto earthquake  Japan April 16, 2016

Deadliest earthquakes by year[edit]

These are the deadliest earthquakes per year[2]

Year Fatalities Magnitude Event Location Date Death toll
2020 41 6.7 2020 Elazığ earthquake Turkey Turkey January 24
2019 52 6.4 2019 Albania earthquake Albania Albania November 26 Decrease 288
2018 4,340 7.5 2018 Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami Indonesia Indonesia September 28 Increase 5,239
2017 630 7.3 2017 Iran-Iraq earthquake Iran Iran November 12 Decrease 1,232
2016 673 7.8 2016 Ecuador earthquake Ecuador Ecuador April 16 Decrease 1,339
2015 8,964 7.8 2015 Nepal earthquake Nepal Nepal April 25 Increase 9,624
2014 729 6.1 2014 Ludian earthquake China China August 3 Decrease 756
2013 825 7.7 2013 Balochistan earthquakes Pakistan Pakistan September 24 Increase 1,572
2012 306 6.4 2012 East Azerbaijan earthquakes Iran Iran August 11 Decrease 689
2011 20,896 9.0 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami Japan Japan March 11 Decrease 21,492
2010 316,000 7.0 2010 Haiti earthquake Haiti Haiti January 12 Increase 320,627
2009 1,115 7.6 2009 Sumatra earthquake Indonesia Indonesia September 30 Decrease 1,790
2008 87,587 7.9 2008 Sichuan earthquake China China May 12 Increase 88,708
2007 519 8.0 2007 Peru earthquake Peru Peru August 15 Decrease 708
2006 5,782 6.4 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake Indonesia Indonesia May 26 Decrease 6,605
2005 87,351 7.6 2005 Kashmir earthquake Pakistan Pakistan October 8 Decrease 87,992
2004 227,898 9.1 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami Indonesia Indonesia, Indian Ocean December 26 Increase 228,000+
2003 26,271 6.6 2003 Bam earthquake Iran Iran December 26 Increase 33,819
2002 1,000 6.1 2002 Hindu Kush earthquakes Afghanistan Afghanistan March 3 Decrease 1,685
2001 20,085 7.7 2001 Gujarat earthquake India India January 26 Steady 21,357

Largest earthquakes by year[edit]

These are the largest earthquakes by magnitude per year[3]

Year Magnitude Deaths Event Location Date total M7+
2020 7.7 0 2020 Jamaica earthquake Jamaica Jamaica January 28
2019 8.0 2 2019 Peru earthquake Peru Peru May 26 Decrease 10
2018 8.2 0 Fiji Fiji August 19 Increase 17
2017 8.2 98 2017 Chiapas earthquake Mexico Mexico September 8 Decrease 7
2016 7.9 0 Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea December 17 Decrease 16
2015 8.3 14 2015 Illapel earthquake Chile Chile September 16 Increase 19
2014 8.2 6 2014 Iquique earthquake Chile Chile April 1 Decrease 12
2013 8.3 0 2013 Okhotsk Sea earthquake Russia Russia May 24 Increase 19
2012 8.6 10 2012 Indian Ocean earthquakes Indonesia Indonesia, Indian Ocean April 11 Decrease 17
2011 9.0 20,896 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami Japan Japan March 11 Decrease 20
2010 8.8 525 2010 Chile earthquake Chile Chile February 27 Increase 22
2009 8.1 192 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami Samoa Samoa September 29 Increase 17
2008 7.9 87,587 2008 Sichuan earthquake China China May 12 Decrease 12
2007 8.5 23 September 2007 Sumatra earthquake Indonesia Indonesia September 12 Increase 18
2006 8.3 0 2006 Kuril Islands earthquake Russia Russia November 15 Steady 11
2005 8.6 1,313 2005 Nias–Simeulue earthquake Indonesia Indonesia March 28 Decrease 11
2004 9.1 227,898 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami Indonesia Indonesia, Indian Ocean December 26 Increase 16
2003 8.3 0 2003 Hokkaidō earthquake Japan Japan September 25 Increase 15
2002 7.9 0 2002 Denali earthquake United States United States November 3 Decrease 13
2001 8.4 145 2001 southern Peru earthquake Peru Peru June 23 Steady 16

Lists of earthquakes by decade[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USGS: Magnitude 8 and Greater Earthquakes Since 1900". Archived from the original on November 12, 2009. Retrieved October 1, 2014.
  2. ^ "Global earthquake death toll from 2000 to 2015". Statista.com. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  3. ^ "Earthquakes worldwide by Richter Scale gradation 2006-2018". Statista.com. Retrieved December 3, 2019.

External links[edit]