List of 21st-century earthquakes

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Earthquakes of magnitude 8.0 and greater from 1900 to 2018. The apparent 3D volumes of the bubbles are linearly proportional to their respective fatalities.[1]
Animated Map of all world earthquakes from 2001-2015

The following is a summary of significant earthquakes during the 21st century. In terms of fatalities, the 2010 Haiti earthquake was the most destructive event, followed by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, 2005 Pakistan earthquake and 2008 Sichuan earthquake.

List of deadliest earthquakes[edit]

Rank Fatalities Magnitude Location Event Date
1 316,000 7.0 Haiti Haiti 2010 Haiti earthquake January 12, 2010
2 227,898 9.1-9.3 Indonesia Indonesia, Indian Ocean 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami December 26, 2004
3 87,587 7.9 China China 2008 Sichuan earthquake May 12, 2008
4 87,351 7.6 Pakistan Pakistan 2005 Kashmir earthquake October 8, 2005
5 26,271 6.6 Iran Iran 2003 Bam earthquake December 26, 2003
6 20,896 9.1 Japan Japan 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami March 11, 2011
7 20,085 7.7 India India 2001 Gujarat earthquake January 26, 2001
8 8,964 7.8 Nepal Nepal 2015 Nepal earthquake April 25, 2015
9 5,782 6.4 Indonesia Indonesia 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake May 26, 2006
10 4,340 7.5 Indonesia Indonesia 2018 Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami September 28, 2018
11 2,968 6.9 China China 2010 Yushu earthquake April 13, 2010
12 2,266 6.8 Algeria Algeria 2003 Boumerdès earthquake May 21, 2003
13 1,313 8.6 Indonesia Indonesia 2005 Nias-Simeulue earthquake March 28, 2005
14 1,115 7.6 Indonesia Indonesia 2009 Sumatra earthquake September 30, 2009
15 1,000 7.4 Afghanistan Afghanistan 2002 Hindu Kush earthquakes March 3, 2002

List of largest earthquakes by magnitude[edit]

Rank Magnitude Event Location Date
1 9.1-9.3 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake Indonesia Indonesia, Sumatra, Indian Ocean, December 26, 2004
2 9.1 2011 Tōhoku earthquake Japan Japan, Tōhoku, Pacific Ocean March 11, 2011
3 8.8 2010 Chile earthquake Chile Chile, Maule February 27, 2010
4 8.6 2005 Nias-Simeulue earthquake Indonesia Indonesia, Sumatra March 28, 2005
4 8.6 2012 Aceh earthquake Indonesia Indonesia, Sumatra April 11, 2012
6 8.5 September 2007 Sumatra earthquake Indonesia Indonesia, Sumatra September 12, 2007
  • Note: At least 8.5+ magnitude


Deadliest earthquakes by year[edit]

Year Fatalities Magnitude Location Event Date Death toll
2019 18 6.1 Philippines Philippines 2019 Luzon earthquake April 22 Steady 93
2018 4,340 7.5 Indonesia Indonesia 2018 Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami September 28 Increase 5,239
2017 630 7.3 Iran Iran 2017 Iran-Iraq earthquake November 12 Decrease 1,232
2016 673 7.8 Ecuador Ecuador 2016 Ecuador earthquake April 16 Decrease 1,339
2015 8,964 7.8 Nepal Nepal 2015 Nepal earthquake April 25 Increase 9,624
2014 729 6.1 China China 2014 Ludian earthquake August 3 Decrease 756
2013 825 7.7 Pakistan Pakistan 2013 Balochistan earthquakes September 24 Increase 1,572
2012 306 6.4 Iran Iran 2012 East Azerbaijan earthquakes August 11 Decrease 689
2011 20,896 9.1 Japan Japan 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami March 11 Decrease 21,492
2010 316,000 7.0 Haiti Haiti 2010 Haiti earthquake January 12 Increase 320,627
2009 1,115 7.6 Indonesia indonesia 2009 Sumatra earthquake September 30 Decrease 1,790
2008 87,587 7.9 China China 2008 Sichuan earthquake May 12 Increase 88,708
2007 519 8.0 Peru Peru 2007 Peru earthquake August 15 Decrease 708
2006 5,782 6.4 Indonesia Indonesia 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake May 26 Decrease 6,605
2005 87,351 7.6 Pakistan Pakistan 2005 Kashmir earthquake October 8 Decrease 87,992
2004 227,898 9.1-9.3 Indian Ocean 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami December 26 Increase 298,101
2003 26,271 6.6 Iran Iran 2003 Bam earthquake December 26 Increase 33,819
2002 1,000 7.4 Afghanistan Afghanistan 2002 Hindu Kush earthquakes March 3 Decrease 1,685
2001 20,085 7.7 India India 2001 Gujarat earthquake January 26 Steady 21,357

Largest earthquakes by year[edit]

Year Magnitude Fatalities Event Location Date total M7+
2019 8.0 2 2019 Peru earthquake Peru Peru May 26 Steady 10
2018 8.2 0 Fiji Fiji August 19 Increase 17
2017 8.2 98 2017 Chiapas earthquake Mexico Mexico September 8 Decrease 7
2016 7.9 0 Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea December 17 Decrease 16
2015 8.3 14 2015 Illapel earthquake Chile Chile September 16 Increase 19
2014 8.2 6 2014 Iquique earthquake Chile Chile April 1 Decrease 12
2013 8.3 0 2013 Okhotsk Sea earthquake Russia Russia May 24 Increase 19
2012 8.6 10 2012 Indian Ocean earthquakes Indonesia Indonesia, Indian Ocean April 11 Decrease 17
2011 9.1 20,896 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami Japan Japan March 11 Decrease 20
2010 8.8 525 2010 Chile earthquake Chile Chile February 27 Increase 22
2009 8.1 192 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami Samoa Samoa September 29 Increase 17
2008 7.9 87,587 2008 Sichuan earthquake China China May 12 Decrease 12
2007 8.5 23 September 2007 Sumatra earthquake Indonesia Indonesia September 12 Increase 18
2006 8.3 0 2006 Kuril Islands earthquake Russia Russia November 15 Steady 11
2005 8.6 1,313 2005 Nias–Simeulue earthquake Indonesia Indonesia March 28 Decrease 11
2004 9.2 227,898 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami Indonesia Indonesia, Indian Ocean December 26 Increase 16
2003 8.3 0 2003 Hokkaidō earthquake Japan Japan September 25 Increase 15
2002 7.9 0 2002 Denali earthquake United States United States November 3 Decrease 13
2001 8.4 145 2001 southern Peru earthquake Peru Peru June 23 Steady 16

Lists of earthquakes by decade[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USGS: Magnitude 8 and Greater Earthquakes Since 1900". Archived from the original on November 12, 2009. Retrieved October 1, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)

External links[edit]