List of AKB48 members

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AKB48 are a Japanese idol girl group formed in 2005. as of September 8, 2019 the group consists of 100 members, divided among several teams: Team A with 22 members, Team K with 23 members, Team B with 23 members, and Team 4 with 28 members, Team 8 with 37 members, the last of which have 33 members serving concurrently with other AKB48 teams. There are Kenkyusei members, 11 of whom serve on specific teams as understudies, and three of whom were recruited as a group of general understudies.[1]

Each of the teams has its own theme:[2] according to member Misaki Iwasa, Team A represents freedom, Team K has a strong and powerful image, Team B is very idol-like with cutesy costumes, and Team 4 represents "the future of AKB48".[2] The member lineup often changes as when girls get older, they "graduate" from the group, and are replaced by members promoted from the trainees. Monica Hesse of The Washington Post describes the AKB48 audition process as "rolling American Idol-esque".[3]

The group has publicized special events for choosing the promotional and recording lineup for some of its singles.[4] In 2009, the concept of sōsenkyo (総選挙, "general elections") was introduced.[5] To obtain a ballot, voters have to buy the group's latest "election single",[6] or sign up the official paid fanclub. The members who receive the most votes will get to participate in the recording of AKB48's next single,[5] and are heavily promoted.[7] The highest voted member earns the right to be the center performer during the group's live performances.[4][6]

Mion Mukaichi is the current leader or "general manager" of AKB48 and all of its sister groups.[8] The results from AKB48's annual general elections from 2009–2018 are included. Dark gray cells indicate that the member did not take part in that election. Light gray cells marked "N/A" indicate the member took part in the election, but did not rank. Members who ranked between #81 and #100 are also denoted by light gray cells.

Members are listed by order below as they appear on the official website's roster as of September 8, 2019.[1]

Team A[edit]

Team A is associated with the color pink, the current captain is Rin Okabe.[1]

Name Birth date (age) Election rank
1[9] 2[10] 3[11] 4[12] 5[13] 6[14] 7[15] 8[16] 9[17] 10
Anna Iriyama (入山 杏奈, Iriyama Anna) (1995-12-03) December 3, 1995 (age 23)     N/A N/A 30 20   18    
Rin Okabe (岡部 麟, Okabe Rin) (1996-11-07) November 7, 1996 (age 22)           N/A N/A N/A N/A 58
Hinano Okumoto (奥本 陽菜, Okumoto Hinano) (2003-10-09) October 9, 2003 (age 15)                   N/A
Yui Oguri (小栗 有以, Oguri Yui) (2001-12-26) December 26, 2001 (age 17)           N/A N/A N/A 51 25
Rena Kato (加藤 玲奈, Kato Rena) (1997-07-10) July 10, 1997 (age 22)     N/A N/A N/A 32 28 26 21 36
Miu Shitao (下尾 みう, Shitao Miu) (2001-04-03) April 3, 2001 (age 18)           N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Ayana Shinozaki (篠崎 彩奈, Shinozaki Ayana) (1996-01-08) January 8, 1996 (age 23)       N/A N/A N/A 78 94 94 94
Kurumi Suzuki (鈴木 くるみ, Suzuki Kurumi) (2004-09-02) September 2, 2004 (age 15)                 N/A N/A
Manaka Taguchi (田口 愛佳, Taguchi Manaka) (2003-12-12) December 12, 2003 (age 15)                 N/A N/A N/A
Erii Chiba (千葉 恵里, Chiba Erii) (2003-10-27) October 27, 2003 (age 15)               N/A N/A N/A
Rei Nishikawa (西川 怜, Nishikawa Rei) (2003-10-25) October 25, 2003 (age 15)               N/A N/A N/A
Ayaka Maeda (前田 彩佳, Maeda Ayaka) (2000-12-08) December 8, 2000 (age 18)                 N/A N/A
Miho Miyazaki (宮崎 美穂, Miyazaki Miho) (1993-07-30) July 30, 1993 (age 26) 18 21 27 38 N/A 78 N/A 78 N/A N/A
Mion Mukaichi (向井地 美音, Mukaichi Mion) (1998-01-29) January 29, 1998 (age 21)           N/A 44 13 17 13
Suzuha Yamane (山根 涼羽, Yamane Suzuha) (2000-08-11) August 11, 2000 (age 19)                 N/A N/A
Yui Yokoyama (横山 由依, Yokoyama Yui) (1992-12-08) December 8, 1992 (age 26)   N/A 19 15 13 13 10 11 7 6
Karen Yoshida (吉田 華恋, Yoshida Karen) (2002-08-27) August 27, 2002 (age 17)               N/A N/A N/A

Notes: Rin Okabe, Hinano Okumoto, Yui Oguri, Miu Shitao & Karen Yoshida are concurrent members of AKB48 Team A and AKB48 Team 8.

Kenkyuusei supporting Team A[edit]

Name[18] Birth date (age)
Minami Sato (佐藤 美波, Sato Minami) (2003-08-03) August 3, 2003 (age 16)
Saki Michieda (道枝 咲, Michieda Saki) (2003-12-20) December 20, 2003 (age 15)
Shiori Sato (佐藤 詩識, Sato Shiori) (2001-07-22) July 22, 2001 (age 18)
Nazuna Furukawa (古川 夏凪, Furukawa Nazuna) (2003-08-21) August 21, 2003 (age 16)
Sora Honda (本田 そら, Honda Sora) (1999-02-26) February 26, 1999 (age 20)

Team K[edit]

Team K is associated with the color green, the current captain is Haruka Komiyama.[1]

Name Birth date (age) Election rank
1[9] 2[10] 3[11] 4[12] 5[13] 6[14] 7[15] 8[16] 9[17] 10
Manami Ichikawa (市川 愛美, Ichikawa Manami) (1999-08-26) August 26, 1999 (age 20)           N/A N/A N/A N/A 115
Rina Okada (岡田 梨奈, Okada Rina) (1999-07-27) July 27, 1999 (age 20)                   N/A
Erina Oda (小田 えりな, Oda Erina) (1997-04-25) April 25, 1997 (age 22)           N/A N/A N/A 92 60
Narumi Kuranoo (倉野尾 成美, Kuranoo Narumi) (2000-11-08) November 8, 2000 (age 18)           N/A N/A 34 30 49
Ran Kobayashi (小林 蘭, Kobayashi Ran) (2003-10-07) October 7, 2003 (age 15)                   N/A
Haruka Komiyama (込山 榛香, Komiyama Haruka) (1998-09-12) September 12, 1998 (age 20)           N/A N/A 21 52 52
Hinana Shimoguchi (下口 ひなな, Shimoguchi Hinana) (2001-07-19) July 19, 2001 (age 18)           N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Misaki Terada (寺田 美咲, Terada Misaki) (1999-12-28) December 28, 1999 (age 19)                 N/A N/A
Ayami Nagatomo (長友 彩海, Nagatomo Ayami) (2000-11-02) November 2, 2000 (age 18)                 N/A N/A
Haruna Hashimoto (橋本 陽菜, Hashimoto Haruna) (2000-05-25) May 25, 2000 (age 19)           N/A N/A N/A N/A 109
Yuki Harumoto (春本 ゆき, Harumoto Yuki) (1999-12-24) December 24, 1999 (age 19)                   N/A
Ayaka Hidaritomo (左伴彩佳, Hidaritomo Ayaka) (1998-07-29) July 29, 1998 (age 21)           N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Minami Minegishi (峯岸 みなみ, Minegishi Minami) (1992-11-15) November 15, 1992 (age 26) 16 14 15 14 18 22 19 17 19 32
Orin Muto (武藤 小麟, Mutō Orin) (2000-07-22) July 22, 2000 (age 19)                 55 N/A
Tomu Muto (武藤 十夢, Mutō Tomu) (1994-11-25) November 25, 1994 (age 24)       49 45 24 16 10   7
Shinobu Mogi (茂木 忍, Mogi Shinobu) (1997-02-16) February 16, 1997 (age 22)       N/A N/A N/A 57 47 74 101
Kana Yasuda (安田 叶, Yasuda Kana) (2002-03-11) March 11, 2002 (age 17)                 N/A N/A
Moeka Yahagi (矢作 萌夏, Yahagi Moeka) (2002-07-05) July 5, 2002 (age 17)                   N/A
Kyoka Yamada (山田 杏華, Yamada Kyoka) (2002-11-03) November 3, 2002 (age 16)                 N/A N/A
Ami Yumoto (湯本 亜美, Yumoto Ami) (1997-10-03) October 3, 1997 (age 21)           N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Yui Yokoyama (横山 結衣, Yokoyama Yui) (2001-02-22) February 22, 2001 (age 18)           N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

Notes: Erina Oda, Narumi Kuranoo, Misaki Terada, Haruna Hashimoto, Yuki Harumoto, Ayaka Hidaritomo & Kyoka Yamada are concurrent members of AKB48 Team K and AKB48 Team 8.

Kenkyuusei supporting Team K[edit]

Name[19] Birth date (age)
Yuzuki Suenaga (末永 祐月, Suenaga Yuzuki) (2005-11-03) November 3, 2005 (age 13)
Megumi Nagano (永野 恵, Nagano Megumi) (2004-03-22) March 22, 2004 (age 15)

Team B[edit]

Team B is associated with the color blue, the current captain is Saho Iwatate .[1]

Name Birth date (age) Election rank
1[9] 2[10] 3[11] 4[12] 5[13] 6[14] 7[15] 8[16] 9[17] 10
Saho Iwatate (岩立 沙穂, Iwatate Saho) (1994-10-04) October 4, 1994 (age 24)       N/A N/A 66 N/A 51 42 22
Nao Ota (太田 奈緒, Ota Nao) (1994-12-05) December 5, 1994 (age 24)           N/A N/A N/A 65 62
Maho Omori (大盛 真歩, Omori Maho) (1999-12-05) December 5, 1999 (age 19)                   N/A
Hitomi Otake (大竹 ひとみ, Otake Hitomi) (1999-06-27) June 27, 1999 (age 20)                   N/A
Shizuka Oya (大家 志津香, Oya Shizuka) (1991-12-28) December 28, 1991 (age 27) N/A N/A 29 59 N/A N/A N/A 87 98 100
Hinako Okuhara (奥原 妃奈子, Okuhara Hinako) (2003-11-18) November 18, 2003 (age 15)                   N/A
Yuki Kashiwagi (柏木 由紀, Kashiwagi Yuki) (1991-07-15) July 15, 1991 (age 28) 9 8 3 3 4 3 2 5    
Misaki Kawahara (川原 美咲, Kawahara Misaki) (2002-04-03) April 3, 2002 (age 17)                   N/A
Saki Kitazawa (北澤 早紀, Kitazawa Saki) (1997-06-05) June 5, 1997 (age 22)       N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Satone Kubo (久保 怜音, Kubo Satone) (2003-11-20) November 20, 2003 (age 15)               N/A 47 75
Haruna Saito (齋藤 陽菜, Saito Haruna) (2004-05-24) May 24, 2004 (age 15)                   N/A
Yukari Sasaki (佐々木 優佳里, Sasaki Yukari) (1995-08-28) August 28, 1995 (age 24)       N/A N/A 47 50 38 43 44
Akari Sato (佐藤 朱, Sato Akari) (1996-11-09) November 9, 1996 (age 22)           N/A N/A N/A N/A 118
Maria Shimizu (清水 麻璃亜, Shimizu Maria) (1997-09-29) September 29, 1997 (age 21)           N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Kayoko Takita (田北 香世子, Takito Kayoko) (1997-02-13) February 13, 1997 (age 22)           N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Megu Taniguchi (谷口 めぐ, Taniguchi Megu) (1998-11-12) November 12, 1998 (age 20)             N/A 69 45 33
Chiyori Nakanishi (中西 智代梨, Nakanishi Chiyori) (1995-05-12) May 12, 1995 (age 24)       N/A N/A N/A N/A 91 N/A N/A
Yuna Hattori (服部 有菜, Hattori Yuna) (2001-03-30) March 30, 2001 (age 18)             N/A N/A N/A N/A
Yui Hiwatashi (樋渡 結依, Hiwatashi Yui) (2000-04-30) April 30, 2000 (age 19)               N/A 73 107
Seina Fukuoka (福岡 聖菜, Fukuoka Seina) (2000-08-01) August 1, 2000 (age 19)           N/A N/A 97 32 31
Hitomi Honda (本田 仁美, Honda Hitomi) (2001-10-06) October 6, 2001 (age 17)             N/A N/A N/A 82
Ayu Yamabe (山邊 步夢, Yamabe Ayu) (2002-02-03) February 3, 2002 (age 17)               N/A N/A N/A
Ruka Yamamoto (山本 瑠香, Yamamoto Ruka) (2000-10-10) October 10, 2000 (age 18)             N/A N/A N/A N/A
Nanase Yoshikawa (吉川 七瀬, Yoshikawa Nanase) (1998-07-21) July 21, 1998 (age 21)             N/A N/A N/A N/A

Notes: Nao Ota, Hinako Okuhara, Misaki Kawahara, Akari Sato, Yuna Hattori, Hitomi Honda, Ruka Yamamoto & Nanase Yoshikawa are concurrent members of AKB48 Team B and AKB48 Team 8.

Team 4[edit]

Team 4 is associated with the color yellow, the current captain is Yuiri Murayama.[1]

Name Birth date (age) Election rank
1[9] 2[10] 3[11] 4[12] 5[13] 6[14] 7[15] 8[16] 9[17] 10
Nanami Asai (浅井 七海, Asai Nanami) (2000-05-20) May 20, 2000 (age 19)                 N/A N/A
Kaori Inagaki (稲垣 香織, Inagaki Kaori) (1997-10-31) October 31, 1997 (age 21)                 N/A N/A
Hatsuka Utada (歌田 初夏, Utada Hatsuka) (2002-07-28) July 28, 2002 (age 17)                 N/A N/A
Momoka Onishi (大西 桃香, Onishi Momoka) (1997-09-20) September 20, 1997 (age 21)           N/A N/A N/A N/A 38
Miyuu Omori (大森 美優, Ōmori Miyū) (1998-09-03) September 3, 1998 (age 21)       N/A N/A N/A 67 73 75 88
Nana Okada (岡田 奈々, Okada Nana) (1997-11-07) November 7, 1997 (age 21)         N/A 51 29 14 9 5
Saya Kawamoto (川本 紗矢, Kawamoto Saya) (1998-08-31) August 31, 1998 (age 21)           N/A N/A 27 29 41
Yurina Gyoten (行天 優莉奈, Gyoten Yurina) (1999-03-14) March 14, 1999 (age 20)           N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Haruka Kurosu (黒須 遥香, Kurotu Haruka) (2001-02-28) February 28, 2001 (age 18)                 N/A N/A
Nagisa Sakaguchi (坂口 渚沙, Sakaguchi Nagisa) (2000-12-23) December 23, 2000 (age 18)           N/A N/A 70 69 47
Kiara Sato (佐藤 妃星, Satō Kiara) (2000-08-11) August 11, 2000 (age 19)           N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Nanami Sato (佐藤 七海, Sato Nanami) (2000-01-09) January 9, 2000 (age 19)           N/A N/A N/A N/A  
Kaoru Takaoka (高岡 薫, Takaoka Kaoru) (2000-11-29) November 29, 2000 (age 18)           N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Ayane Takahashi (高橋 彩音, Takahashi Ayane) (1997-12-30) December 30, 1997 (age 21)           N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Sayaka Takahashi (髙橋 彩香, Takahashi Sayaka) (2001-11-22) November 22, 2001 (age 17)                 N/A N/A
Kyoka Tada (多田 京加, Tada Kyoka) (1999-08-19) August 19, 1999 (age 20)                   N/A
Makiho Tatsuya (達家 真姫宝, Tatsuya Makiho) (2001-10-19) October 19, 2001 (age 17)           N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Serika Nagano (永野 芹佳, Nagano Serika) (2001-03-27) March 27, 2001 (age 18)           N/A N/A N/A 67 104
Sayuna Hama (濵 咲友菜, Hama Sayuna) (2001-08-20) August 20, 2001 (age 18)           N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Hikaru Hirano (平野 ひかる, Hirano Hikaru) (2003-01-29) January 29, 2003 (age 16)                 N/A  
Ma Chia-Ling (馬 嘉伶, Ma Chia-Ling) (1996-12-21) December 21, 1996 (age 22)               N/A N/A 97
Rira Miyazato (宮里 莉羅, Miyazato Rira) (2002-03-30) March 30, 2002 (age 17)           N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Yuiri Murayama (村山 彩希, Murayama Yuiri) (1997-06-15) June 15, 1997 (age 22)       N/A N/A N/A        
Mizuki Yamauchi (山内 瑞葵, Yamauchi Mizuki) (2001-09-20) September 20, 2001 (age 17)                 N/A 92

Kenkyuusei supporting Team 4[edit]

Name[20] Birth date (age)
Mai Homma (本間 麻衣, Homma Mai) (2002-09-06) September 6, 2002 (age 17)
Sena Ishiwata (石綿 星南, Ishiwata Sena) (2002-02-22) February 22, 2002 (age 17)
Miyuu Kuramoto (蔵本 美結, Kuramoto Miyuu) (2001-05-21) May 21, 2001 (age 18)
Yuzuka Yoshihashi (吉橋 柚花, Yoshihashi Yuzuka) (1999-12-29) December 29, 1999 (age 19)

Team 8[edit]

Team 8 was formed in April 2014 and originally included 47 members, each representing one of the 47 prefectures of Japan. Their team color is navy.[1] At the December 2017 team shuffle event, it was announced that the Team 8 members are to hold concurrent positions (kennin (兼任)) with one of the other AKB48 Teams A, K, B, and 4.[21] They are a team sponsored by Toyota.

Name Birth date (age) Prefecture Concurrent position
Nagisa Sakaguchi (坂口 渚沙, Sakaguchi Nagisa) (2000-12-23) December 23, 2000 (age 18) Hokkaido Team 4[22]
Yui Yokoyama (横山 結衣, Yokoyama Yui) (2001-02-22) February 22, 2001 (age 18) Aomori Team K[23]
Akita
Nanami Sato (佐藤 七海, Satō Nanami) (2000-01-19) January 19, 2000 (age 19) Iwate Team 4[24]
Mashiro Mitomo (御供 茉白, Mitomo Mashiro) (2005-11-25) November 25, 2005 (age 13) Yamagata N/A[25]
Akari Sato (佐藤 朱, Satō Akari) (1996-11-09) November 9, 1996 (age 22) Miyagi Team B[26]
Fukushima
Kantō
Rin Okabe (岡部 麟, Okabe Rin) (1996-11-07) November 7, 1996 (age 22) Ibaraki Team A[27]
Hitomi Honda (本田 仁美, Honda Hitomi) (2001-10-06) October 6, 2001 (age 17) Tochigi N/A[28]
Maria Shimizu (清水 麻璃亜, Shimizu Maria) (1997-09-29) September 29, 1997 (age 21) Gunma Team B[29]
Ayane Takahashi (髙橋 彩音, Takahashi Ayane) (1997-12-30) December 30, 1997 (age 21) Saitama Team 4[30]
Nanase Yoshikawa (吉川 七瀬, Yoshikawa Nanase) (1998-07-21) July 21, 1998 (age 21) Chiba Team B[31]
Yui Oguri (小栗 有以, Oguri Yui) (2001-12-26) December 26, 2001 (age 17) Tokyo Team A[32]
Erina Oda (小田 えりな, Oda Erina) (1997-04-25) April 25, 1997 (age 22) Kanagawa Team K[33]
Niigata
Ayaka Hidaritomo (左伴 彩佳, Hidaritomo Ayaka) (1998-07-29) July 29, 1998 (age 21) Yamanashi Team K[34]
Chūbu
Hatsuka Utada (歌田 初夏, Utada Hatsuka) (2002-07-08) July 8, 2002 (age 17) Aichi Team 4[35]
Shizuoka
Yuna Hattori (服部 有菜, Hattori Yuna) (2001-03-30) March 30, 2001 (age 18) Gifu Team B[36]
Mie
Haruna Hashimoto (橋本 陽菜, Hashimoto Haruna) (2000-05-25) May 25, 2000 (age 19) Toyama Team K[37]
Hikaru Hirano (平野 ひかる, Hirano Hikaru) (2003-01-29) January 29, 2003 (age 16) Ishikawa Team 4[38]
Fukui
Sayaka Takahashi (髙橋 彩香, Takahashi Sayaka) (2001-11-22) November 22, 2001 (age 17) Nagano Team 4[39]
Kansai
Serika Nagano (永野 芹佳, Nagano Serika) (2001-03-27) March 27, 2001 (age 18) Osaka Team 4[40]
Nao Ota (太田 奈緒, Ōta Nao) (1994-12-05) December 5, 1994 (age 24) Kyoto Team B[41]
Hyōgo
Ruka Yamamoto (山本 瑠香, Yamamoto Ruka) (2000-10-10) October 10, 2000 (age 18) Wakayama Team B[42]
Momoka Onishi (大西 桃香, Ōnishi Momoka) (1997-09-20) September 20, 1997 (age 21) Nara Team 4[43]
Sayuna Hama (濵 咲友菜, Hama Sayuna) (2001-08-20) August 20, 2001 (age 18) Shiga Team 4[44]
Chūgoku & Shikoku
Tottori
Hinako Okuhara (奥原 妃奈子, Okuhara Hinako) (2003-11-18) November 18, 2003 (age 15) Shimane Team B[45]
Okayama
Hinano Okumoto (奥本 陽菜, Okumoto Hinano) (2003-10-09) October 9, 2003 (age 15) Hiroshima Team A[46]
Miu Shitao (下尾 みう, Shitao Miu) (2001-04-03) April 3, 2001 (age 18) Yamaguchi Team A[47]
Yuki Harumoto (春本 ゆき, Harumoto Yuki) (1999-12-24) December 24, 1999 (age 19) Tokushima Team K[48]
Yurina Gyoten (行天 優莉奈, Gyōten Yurina) (1999-03-14) March 14, 1999 (age 20) Kagawa Team 4[49]
Kaoru Takaoka (高岡 薫, Takaoka Kaoru) (2000-11-29) November 29, 2000 (age 18) Ehime Team 4[50]
Airi Rissen (立仙 愛理, Rissen Airi) (1999-03-18) March 18, 1999 (age 20) Kōchi N/A[51]
Kyushu
Karen Yoshida (吉田 華恋, Yoshida Karen) (2002-07-27) July 27, 2002 (age 17) Fukuoka Team A[52]
Misaki Kawahara (川原 美咲, Kawahara Misaki) (2002-04-03) April 3, 2002 (age 17) Saga Team B[53]
Misaki Terada (寺田 美咲, Terada Misaki) (1999-12-28) December 28, 1999 (age 19) Nagasaki Team K[54]
Narumi Kuranoo (倉野尾 成美, Kuranoo Narumi) (2000-11-08) November 8, 2000 (age 18) Kumamoto Team K[55]
Kyoka Yamada (山田 杏華, Yamada Kyoka) (2002-11-03) November 3, 2002 (age 16) Ōita Team K[56]
Miyazaki
Rei Fujizono (藤園 麗, Fujizono Rei) (2005-01-18) January 18, 2005 (age 14) Kagoshima N/A[57]
Rira Miyazato (宮里 莉羅, Miyazato Rira) (2002-03-30) March 30, 2002 (age 17) Okinawa Team 4[58]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "AKB48公式サイト|メンバー情報 (AKB48 Official Site - Member List)". AKB48 Official Website (in Japanese). Retrieved September 8, 2019. List is subject to change from graduations and transfers.
  2. ^ a b "Rivalry among 61 girls? (AKB48 Concept Store Part 3)". Asia One. May 23, 2011. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
  3. ^ Hesse, Monica (March 27, 2012). "Japanese girl group AKB48 breezes through D.C. in whirlwind of cuteness". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Japan's AKB48, a girl pop group whose lineup is chosen by fans, set to go global". Daily News. New York. Associated Press. June 12, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2013.
  5. ^ a b AKB48 (February 14, 2011). What is AKB48? / AKB48 [Official] (in Japanese and English). YouTube. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
  6. ^ a b St. Michel, Patrick; Kikuchi, Daisuke (May 31, 2012). "AKB48 'election' shows marketing brilliance". The Japan Times. p. 17.
  7. ^ "Girl idol group about mass exposure, fans". The Japan Times. August 24, 2010. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
  8. ^ "AKB48横山由依&向井地美音、新旧総監督が思い明かす". Modelpress (in Japanese). Netnative. April 8, 2019. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d "AKB48 13thシングル選抜総選挙 結果発表" [13th single selection general election result announced]. AKB48 Official Blog (in Japanese). Ameblo.jp. July 8, 2009. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c d "AKB48 選抜総選挙 結果" [AKB48 Selection Election]. AKB48 Official Blog (in Japanese). Ameblo.jp. June 9, 2010. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
  11. ^ a b c d "AKB48 22ndシングル選抜総選挙結果" [AKB48 22nd Single selection Election]. AKB48 Official Blog (in Japanese). Ameblo.jp. June 10, 2011. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c d "AKB48 27thシングル選抜総選挙 開票結果" [AKB48 27th Single selection election vote counting result]. AKB48 Official Blog (in Japanese). Ameblo.jp. June 6, 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
  13. ^ a b c d "AKB48 32ndシングル 選抜総選挙" [32nd single selection elections]. AKB48 Official Site (in Japanese). June 8, 2013.
  14. ^ a b c d "AKB48 37thシングル 選抜総選挙" [37th single selection elections]. AKB48 Official Site (in Japanese). June 7, 2014.
  15. ^ a b c d "AKB48 41stシングル 選抜総選挙" [41st single selection elections]. AKB48 Official Site (in Japanese). June 6, 2015.
  16. ^ a b c d AKB48 45thシングル 選抜総選挙 [45th single selection elections]. AKB48 Official Site (in Japanese). Retrieved July 8, 2016.
  17. ^ a b c d AKB48公式サイト AKB48 49thシングル 選抜総選挙 [49th single selection elections]. AKB48 Official Site (in Japanese). June 17, 2017.
  18. ^ "AKB48公式サイト" [AKB48 Official Roster – Team A]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved May 31, 2019.
  19. ^ "AKB48公式サイト" [AKB48 Official Roster – Team K]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  20. ^ "AKB48公式サイト" [AKB48 Official Roster – Team 4]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  21. ^ "Details on AKB48 Shuffle Team Members in late 2017". odonsalvatore.blogspot.com. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  22. ^ "メンバー – 坂口 渚沙" [Member –Nagisa Sakaguchi]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  23. ^ "メンバー – 横山 結衣" [Member – Yui Yokoyama]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  24. ^ "メンバー – 佐藤 七海" [Member – Nanami Sato]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  25. ^ "メンバー – 御供 茉白" [Member – Mashiro Mitomo]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  26. ^ "メンバー – 佐藤 朱" [Member – Akari Sato]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  27. ^ "メンバー – 岡部 麟" [Member – Rin Okabe]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  28. ^ "メンバー – 本田 仁美" [Member – Hitomi Honda]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved February 22, 2019.
  29. ^ "メンバー – 清水 麻璃亜" [Member – Maria Shimizu]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  30. ^ "メンバー – 髙橋 彩音" [Member – Ayane Takahashi]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  31. ^ "メンバー – 吉川 七瀬" [Member – Nanase Yoshikawa]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  32. ^ "メンバー – 小栗 有以" [Member – Yui Oguri]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  33. ^ "メンバー – 小田 えりな" [Member – Erina Oda]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  34. ^ "メンバー – 左伴 彩佳" [Member – Ayaka Hidaritomo]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  35. ^ "メンバー – 歌田 初夏" [Member – Hatsuka Utada]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  36. ^ "メンバー – 服部有菜" [Member – Yuna Hattori]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  37. ^ "メンバー – 橋本 陽菜" [Member – Haruna Hashimoto]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  38. ^ "メンバー – 平野 ひかる" [Member – Hikaru Hirano]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  39. ^ "メンバー – 髙橋 彩香" [Member – Sayaka Takahashi]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  40. ^ "メンバー – 永野 芹佳" [Member – Serika Nagano]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  41. ^ "メンバー – 太田 奈緒" [Member – Nao Ota]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  42. ^ "メンバー – 山本 瑠香" [Member – Ruka Yamamoto]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  43. ^ "メンバー – 大西 桃香" [Member – Momoka Onishi]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  44. ^ "メンバー – 濵 咲友菜" [Member – Sayuna Hama]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  45. ^ "メンバー – 奥原妃奈子" [Member – Hinako Okuhara]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  46. ^ "メンバー – 奥本陽菜" [Member – Hinano Okumoto]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  47. ^ "メンバー – 下尾 みう" [Member – Miu Shitao]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  48. ^ "メンバー – 春本ゆき" [Member – Yuki Harumoto]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  49. ^ "メンバー – 行天 優莉奈" [Member – Yurina Gyoten]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  50. ^ "メンバー – 高岡 薫" [Member – Kaoru Takaoka]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  51. ^ "メンバー – 立仙 愛理" [Member – Airi Rissen]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  52. ^ "メンバー – 吉田 華恋" [Member – Karen Yoshida]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  53. ^ "メンバー – 川原美咲" [Member – Misaki Kawahara]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  54. ^ "メンバー – 寺田 美咲" [Member – Misaki Terada]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  55. ^ "メンバー – 倉野尾 成美" [Member – Narumi Kuranoo]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  56. ^ "メンバー – 山田杏華" [Member – Kyoka Yamada]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  57. ^ "メンバー – 藤園麗" [Member – Rei Fujizono]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved February 22, 2019.
  58. ^ "メンバー – 宮里 莉羅" [Member – Rira Miyazato]. AKB48 official website (in Japanese). Retrieved July 25, 2018.