Leaders of the Australian Labor Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

There are Leaders of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) at the federal level as well as in each Australian state and territory. Australian Labor Party leaders are chosen from among the members of the respective parliamentary parties either by the members only or with an input from the ALP rank-and-file members.

ALP federal parliamentary leaders[edit]

Bill Shorten Kevin Rudd Julia Gillard Kevin Rudd Kim Beazley Mark Latham Simon Crean Kim Beazley Paul Keating Bob Hawke Bill Hayden Gough Whitlam Arthur Calwell H.V. Evatt Ben Chifley Frank Forde John Curtin James Scullin Matthew Charlton Frank Tudor Billy Hughes Andrew Fisher Chris Watson

The federal Labor Caucus comprising the elected members of the Labor party in both Houses of the national Parliament is involved in the election of the federal parliamentary leaders from among its members. The leader has historically been a member of the House of Representatives. Caucus also has the power to dismiss a party leader in a process called a leadership spill. Until 2013, a spill vote could be called at any time and a simple majority of votes in Caucus was sufficient to remove a leader. Following the return of Kevin Rudd to the leadership of the ALP in 2013, he sought changes to the party's rules so that leadership spills would be more difficult to launch in future, including a requirement for 75% majority in Caucus for a leadership spill against a sitting Labor prime minister, or 60% against an opposition leader.[1] The changes also provided for equally weighted voting rights between Caucus and party rank and file members. These changes were adopted by Caucus in July 2013, which was not a change to the party's constitution[2] (and theoretically can be reverted by a simple majority in Caucus). At the October 2013 leadership spill Bill Shorten was the first leader elected under the new rules. Shorten received 55-43 votes in Caucus, which was sufficient to overcome his 40% support among party members.[3]

When the Labor Party is in government, the party leader becomes the Prime Minister and the deputy leader becomes the Deputy Prime Minister. If a Labor prime minister resigns or dies in office, the deputy leader becomes party leader and is sworn in as prime minister on an interim basis until a party successor is elected. This was the case upon the death in office of John Curtin on 5 July 1945. Frank Forde, the deputy party leader, was sworn in as interim prime minister until Ben Chifley was elected by Caucus as party leader on 13 July. If the leader is out of the country or is on leave, the deputy leader acts as party leader and prime minister, without being sworn into the office.

The federal Leaders of the Australian Labor Party have been as follows:

Order Name Term began Term ended Time in office Term as Prime Minister
1 Watson, ChrisChris Watson 20 May 1901 30 October 1907 6 years, 163 days 1904
2 Fisher, AndrewAndrew Fisher 30 October 1907 27 October 1915 7 years, 362 days 1908–1909, 1910–1913, 1914–1915
3 Hughes, BillyBilly Hughes 27 October 1915 14 November 1916 1 year,   18 days 1915–1923
4 Tudor, FrankFrank Tudor 14 November 1916 10 January 1922 5 years,  57 days
5 Charlton, MatthewMatthew Charlton 16 May 1922 29 March 1928 5 years, 318 days
6 Scullin, JamesJames Scullin 26 April 1928 1 October 1935 7 years, 128 days 1929–1932
7 Curtin, JohnJohn Curtin 1 October 1935 5 July 1945 9 years, 277 days 1941–1945
8 Chifley, BenBen Chifley 13 July 1945 13 June 1951 5 years, 335 days 1945–1949
9 Evatt, H. V.H. V. Evatt 20 June 1951 9 February 1960 8 years, 241 days
10 Calwell, ArthurArthur Calwell 7 March 1960 8 February 1967 6 years, 338 days
11 Whitlam, GoughGough Whitlam 9 February 1967 22 December 1977 10 years, 316 days 1972–1975
12 Hayden, BillBill Hayden 22 December 1977 3 February 1983 5 years,  43 days
13 Hawke, BobBob Hawke 3 February 1983 20 December 1991 8 years, 320 days 1983–1991
14 Keating, PaulPaul Keating 20 December 1991 2 March 1996 4 years,  73 days 1991–1996
15 Beazley, KimKim Beazley 19 March 1996 22 November 2001 5 years, 248 days
16 Crean, SimonSimon Crean 22 November 2001 2 December 2003 2 years,  10 days
17 Latham, MarkMark Latham 2 December 2003 28 January 2005 1 year,   57 days
(15) Beazley, KimKim Beazley 28 January 2005 4 December 2006 1 year,  310 days
18 Rudd, KevinKevin Rudd 4 December 2006 24 June 2010 3 years, 202 days 2007–2010
19 Gillard, JuliaJulia Gillard 24 June 2010 26 June 2013 3 years,   2 days 2010–2013
(18) Rudd, KevinKevin Rudd 26 June 2013 13 September 2013 79 days 2013
20 Shorten, BillBill Shorten 13 October 2013 Incumbent 2 years, 317 days

ALP federal deputy parliamentary leaders[edit]

Shown in chronological order of leadership
Year Name Leader Notes
1901 Gregor McGregor Chris Watson
Andrew Fisher  
1914 Billy Hughes Later Prime Minister 1915–23
1915 George Pearce Billy Hughes
1916 Albert Gardiner Frank Tudor
Matthew Charlton  
1927 James Scullin Later Prime Minister 1929–32
1928 Arthur Blakeley James Scullin
1929 Ted Theodore Previously Premier of Queensland 1919–25
1932 Frank Forde Prime Minister 1945
John Curtin
Ben Chifley
1946 H. V. Evatt Later Leader 1951–60
1951 Arthur Calwell H.V. Evatt Later Leader 1960–67
1960 Gough Whitlam Arthur Calwell Later Prime Minister 1972–75
1967 Lance Barnard Gough Whitlam
1974 Jim Cairns
1975 Frank Crean
1975 Tom Uren
1977 Lionel Bowen Bill Hayden
Bob Hawke  
1990 Paul Keating Later Prime Minister 1991–96
1991 Brian Howe  
Paul Keating
1995 Kim Beazley Later Leader 1996–2001, 2005–06
1996 Gareth Evans Kim Beazley
1998 Simon Crean Later Leader 2001–03
2001 Jenny Macklin Simon Crean
Mark Latham
Kim Beazley
2006 Julia Gillard Kevin Rudd Later Prime Minister 2010–13
2010 Wayne Swan Julia Gillard
2013 Anthony Albanese Kevin Rudd
Bill Shorten  
2013 Tanya Plibersek

Past Labor premiers and chief ministers[edit]

Australian Capital Territory[edit]

New South Wales[edit]

Northern Territory[edit]

  • Clare Martin (2001–07, first Labor Chief Minister of the Northern Territory, first female Chief Minister of the Northern Territory)
  • Paul Henderson (2007–12)

Queensland[edit]

South Australia[edit]

Tasmania[edit]

Victoria[edit]

Western Australia[edit]

References[edit]