List of African-American Greek and fraternal organizations
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Beginning with the Prince Hall Freemasonry, there are many historically Black fraternal organizations. It would continue on with Alpha Kappa Nu at Indiana University in the year 1903. A second chapter was set to be established at Wilberforce University. Wilberforce University was where the fraternity Gamma Phi was established in the year 1905. Sixty miles away at Columbus, Ohio on March of 1905, Pi Gamma Omicron was founded at Ohio State University (formation originally reported in the Chicago Defender in 1905. Charles Cardoza Poindexter attended Ohio State University from 1899 to 1903. Charles Cardoza Poindexter established a literary society that also operated as a social study club in December 1905 that became Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. One Alpha founder, Robert H. Ogle attempted to establish contact with Pi Gamma Omicron but was unable to do so. Several months later, Alpha Phi Alpha formally became a fraternity in December of 1906. Another fraternity Sigma Pi Phi was also established in Pennsylvania in 1904. Alpha Phi Alpha's collegiate success helped to inspire other organizations within the National Pan-Hellenic Council.
Black fraternities and sororities were based on existing fraternities and sororities but cultural additions were made including calls, open hand signs, and step shows; though social in nature, many African-American fraternal organizations were formed with an emphasis on public service and civil rights. Some organizations, such as the Swing Phi Swing and Groove Phi Groove don't use Greek letters solely.
Early formation (attempted or not existing today)
|Name||Year Formation Attempted||Incorporated||Collegiate||Greek Lettered|
|Alpha Kappa Nu||1903||No||Yes||Yes|
|Pi Gamma Omicron||1905||No||Yes||Yes|
|Gamma Phi ||1905||No||Yes||Yes|
|Prince Hall Freemasonry||1775||Yes||No||No||No|
|Improved Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks of the World||1897||Yes||No||No||No|
|Sigma Pi Phi||1904||Yes||No||Yes||No|
|Alpha Phi Alpha||1906||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Kappa Alpha Psi||1911||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Omega Psi Phi||1911||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Phi Beta Sigma||1914||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Wine Psi Phi||1959||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Nu Gamma Alpha ||1962||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Iota Phi Theta||1963||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Malik Sigma Psi (Also known as MALIK Fraternity)||1977||Yes||Yes||No||No|
|Phi Delta Psi||1977||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Sigma Phi Rho||1979||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Delta Psi Chi Swordsmen||1985||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Beta Phi Pi ||1986||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Megisté Areté (Christian) ||1989||Yes||Yes||No||No|
|Nu Gamma Psi||1994||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Phi Rho Eta||1994||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Alpha Kappa Alpha||1908||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Delta Sigma Theta||1913||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Zeta Phi Beta||1920||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Sigma Gamma Rho||1922||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Iota Phi Lambda||1929||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Eta Phi Beta||1942||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Gamma Phi Delta||1943||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Zeta Delta Phi :100||1962||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Sigma Beta Phi||1923||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Omega Epsilon Rho Service Sorority||2009||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Groove Phi Groove - Males||1962||Yes||Yes||No||No|
|Swing Phi Swing - Females||1969||Yes||Yes||No||No|
|Malika Kambe Umfazi - Females :107||1995||Yes||Yes||No||No|
|African American topics|
- The Crescent of Gamma Phi Beta. 1904. pp. 134–.
- The History of Fraternities and Sororities in America
- Walter M. Kimbrough (2003). Black Greek 101: The Culture, Customs, and Challenges of Black Fraternities and Sororities. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. ISBN 978-0-8386-3977-1.
- Elizabeth Calvert Fine (2003). Soulstepping: African American Step Shows. University of Illinois Press. pp. 159–. ISBN 978-0-252-02475-7.
- Black History Month the Divine Nine
- Sisterhood acts on foundations of Christianity, friendship
- "Nu Gamma Psi Fraternity Inc. - History". Archived from the original on December 19, 2012.
- Nina Mjagkij (13 May 2013). Organizing Black America. Routledge. pp. 195–. ISBN 1-135-58123-1.
- ECC holds panel discussion on racial profiling