List of African-American Greek and fraternal organizations

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Beginning with the Prince Hall Freemasonry, there are many historically Black fraternal organizations. It would continue on with Alpha Kappa Nu at Indiana University in the year 1903. A second chapter was set to be established at Wilberforce University.[1] Wilberforce University was where the fraternity Gamma Phi was established in the year 1905. Sixty miles away at Columbus, Ohio on March of 1905, Pi Gamma Omicron was founded at Ohio State University (formation originally reported in the Chicago Defender in 1905. Charles Cardoza Poindexter attended Ohio State University from 1899 to 1903. Charles Cardoza Poindexter established a literary society that also operated as a social study club in December 1905 that became Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. One Alpha founder, Robert H. Ogle attempted to establish contact with Pi Gamma Omicron but was unable to do so. Several months later, Alpha Phi Alpha formally became a fraternity in December of 1906. Another fraternity Sigma Pi Phi was also established in Pennsylvania in 1904. Alpha Phi Alpha's collegiate success helped to inspire other organizations within the National Pan-Hellenic Council.

Black fraternities and sororities were based on existing fraternities and sororities but cultural additions were made including calls, open hand signs, and step shows; though social in nature, many African-American fraternal organizations were formed with an emphasis on public service and civil rights. Some organizations, such as the Swing Phi Swing and Groove Phi Groove don't use Greek letters solely.

Early formation (attempted or not existing today)[edit]

Name Year Formation Attempted Incorporated Collegiate Greek Lettered
Alpha Kappa Nu 1903 No Yes Yes
Pi Gamma Omicron 1905 No Yes Yes
Gamma Phi [2] 1905 No Yes Yes
Gamma Tau[3]:34 1934 No Yes Yes


Name Founded Incorporated Collegiate Greek Lettered NPHC
Prince Hall Freemasonry 1775 Yes No No No
Improved Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks of the World 1897 Yes No No No
Sigma Pi Phi 1904 Yes No Yes No
Alpha Phi Alpha 1906 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kappa Alpha Psi 1911 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Omega Psi Phi 1911 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Phi Beta Sigma 1914 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sigma Rhomeo 1936 Yes Yes Yes No
Wine Psi Phi[4] 1959 Yes Yes Yes No
Nu Gamma Alpha [5] 1962 Yes Yes Yes No
Iota Phi Theta 1963 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Malik Sigma Psi (Also known as MALIK Fraternity) 1977 Yes Yes No No
Phi Delta Psi 1977 Yes Yes Yes No
Sigma Phi Rho 1979 Yes Yes Yes No
Delta Psi Chi Swordsmen 1985 Yes Yes Yes No
Beta Phi Pi [6] 1986 Yes Yes Yes No
Megisté Areté (Christian) [7] 1989 Yes Yes No No
Nu Gamma Psi[8] 1994 Yes Yes Yes No
Phi Rho Eta 1994 Yes Yes Yes No


Name Founded Incorporated Collegiate Greek Lettered NPHC
Alpha Kappa Alpha 1908 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Delta Sigma Theta 1913 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Zeta Phi Beta 1920 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sigma Gamma Rho 1922 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Iota Phi Lambda 1929 Yes Yes Yes No
Eta Phi Beta[9] 1942 Yes Yes Yes No
Gamma Phi Delta 1943 Yes Yes Yes No
Zeta Delta Phi [3]:100 1962 Yes Yes Yes No
Sigma Beta Phi 1923 Yes Yes Yes No
Omega Epsilon Rho Service Sorority[10] 2009 Yes Yes Yes No


Name Founded Incorporated Collegiate Greek Lettered NPHC
Groove Phi Groove - Males 1962 Yes Yes No No
Swing Phi Swing - Females 1969 Yes Yes No No
Malika Kambe Umfazi - Females [3]:107 1995 Yes Yes No No

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Crescent of Gamma Phi Beta. 1904. pp. 134–. 
  2. ^ The History of Fraternities and Sororities in America
  3. ^ a b c Walter M. Kimbrough (2003). Black Greek 101: The Culture, Customs, and Challenges of Black Fraternities and Sororities. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. ISBN 978-0-8386-3977-1. 
  4. ^ Elizabeth Calvert Fine (2003). Soulstepping: African American Step Shows. University of Illinois Press. pp. 159–. ISBN 978-0-252-02475-7. 
  5. ^ Black History Month the Divine Nine
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ Sisterhood acts on foundations of Christianity, friendship
  8. ^ "Nu Gamma Psi Fraternity Inc. - History". Archived from the original on December 19, 2012. 
  9. ^ Nina Mjagkij (13 May 2013). Organizing Black America. Routledge. pp. 195–. ISBN 1-135-58123-1. 
  10. ^ ECC holds panel discussion on racial profiling