List of African countries by Human Development Index

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The Human Development Index is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. It is a standard means of measuring well-being. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, developing, or underdeveloped country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. Countries (almost all UN member states and a couple of special territories) fall into four broad categories based on their HDI: very high, high, medium, and low human development. Currently there are no countries in Africa with "very high" human development.

List of African countries[edit]

African countries by Human Development Index (2015)
  ≥ 0.900
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  ≤ 0.399
  Data unavailable

The table below presents the latest Human Development Index (HDI)[1] for countries in Africa as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report (released in 2016).[2] Previous HDI values and rankings are retroactively recalculated using the same updated data sets and current methodologies, as presented in Table 2 of the Statistical Annex of the Human Development Report.[3] The HDI rankings and values in the 2016 Human Development Report cannot therefore be compared directly to HDI rankings and values published in previous Human Development Reports.

List of African countries by Human Development Index
Rank Country Human Development Index (HDI)
In region World HDI value Change in HDI value 2014–2015*
2015 2014
High Human Development
1 63  Seychelles 0.782 0.781 Increase 0.002
2 64  Mauritius 0.781 0.779 Increase 0.003
3 83  Algeria 0.745 0.743 Increase 0.002
4 97  Tunisia 0.725 0.723 Increase 0.001
5 102  Libya 0.716 0.719 Decrease 0.003
Medium Human Development
6 108  Botswana 0.698 0.698 Decrease 0.001
7 109  Gabon 0.697 0.694 Increase 0.003
8 111  Egypt 0.691 0.688 Increase 0.004
9 119  South Africa 0.666 0.665 Increase 0.001
10 122  Cape Verde 0.648 0.646 Increase 0.003
11 123  Morocco 0.647 0.645 Increase 0.003
12 125  Namibia 0.640 0.637 Increase 0.003
13 135  Congo, Republic of 0.592 0.589 Increase 0.003
13 135  Equatorial Guinea 0.592 0.582 Increase 0.011
14 139  Ghana 0.579 0.575 Increase 0.004
14 139  Zambia 0.579 0.576 Increase 0.003
15 142  Sao Tome and Principe 0.574 0.565 Increase 0.009
16 146  Kenya 0.555 0.550 Increase 0.004
Low Human Development
17 148  Swaziland 0.541 0.541 Steady
18 150  Angola 0.533 0.531 Increase 0.003
19 151  Tanzania 0.531 0.519 Increase 0.012
20 152  Nigeria 0.527 0.525 Increase 0.002
21 153  Cameroon 0.518 0.514 Increase 0.004
22 154  Zimbabwe 0.516 0.507 Increase 0.008
23 157  Mauritania 0.513 0.513 Steady
24 158  Madagascar 0.512 0.511 Increase 0.001
25 159  Rwanda 0.498 0.493 Increase 0.004
26 160  Comoros 0.497 0.498 Steady
26 160  Lesotho 0.497 0.495 Increase 0.003
27 162  Senegal 0.494 0.491 Increase 0.003
28 163  Uganda 0.493 0.488 Increase 0.005
29 165  Sudan 0.490 0.488 Increase 0.002
30 166  Togo 0.487 0.484 Increase 0.004
31 167  Benin 0.485 0.481 Increase 0.004
32 170  Malawi 0.476 0.473 Increase 0.003
33 171  Ivory Coast 0.474 0.466 Increase 0.008
34 172  Djibouti 0.473 0.470 Increase 0.003
35 173  Gambia 0.452 0.450 Increase 0.002
36 174  Ethiopia 0.448 0.441 Increase 0.007
37 175  Mali 0.442 0.438 Increase 0.004
38 176  Congo, Democratic Republic of 0.435 0.425 Increase 0.010
39 177  Liberia 0.427 0.427 Steady
40 178  Guinea-Bissau 0.424 0.421 Increase 0.002
41 179  Eritrea 0.420 0.418 Increase 0.002
41 179  Sierra Leone 0.420 0.431 Decrease 0.010
42 181  Mozambique 0.418 0.414 Increase 0.004
42 181  South Sudan 0.418 0.421 Decrease 0.002
43 183  Guinea 0.414 0.414 Steady
44 184  Burundi 0.404 0.406 Decrease 0.003
45 185  Burkina Faso 0.402 0.399 Increase 0.003
46 186  Chad 0.396 0.394 Increase 0.002
47 187  Niger 0.353 0.351 Increase 0.002
48 188  Central African Republic 0.352 0.347 Increase 0.005
*Change in HDI value rounded to three decimals

See also[edit]

References[edit]